Lecture 23 - 11/15/2010
Mother and Teacher Interaction in Preschools during Parent-Teacher Conferences
The education of children has been a long-standing issue for stakeholders over numerous years. Various literatures recommend that formal learning should begin during the preschool years of a child’s life, and must include home-school partnerships. Empirical data has shown that parents and teachers who work together can positively impact a child’s success in school. This study sought to gain insight into the phenomenon of parent-teacher interactions in preschools, via the lens of symbolic int
The Impact of Retention on Student Educational Outcomes: A Five Year Study of a Group of Retained an
Accountability has become a major focus in educational reform and an increasing number of states and school districts are adopting policies to end social promotion. These policies generally include mandatory retention for students who fail to meet cut-off scores on high-stakes tests. Despite compelling evidence to the contrary, educators believe that underachieving students need, or deserve, to be retained and will benefit from repeating a grade. Using archival data from a large urban school dis
The United States Postal Service: A Case Study of Large Scale Government Transformation
The challenge of replacing the baby-boomer generation of employees is beginning in government agencies as they face a “tsunami” of retirements. This generation forms the core of middle managers or supervisors who are essential to providing the continuity in government organizations that serve the needs of citizens on a daily basis, or most critically in times of crisis. This same generation of government employees worked through decades of change in public administration. The 1980s privat
A Study of a Specific Language Arts and Mathematics Software Program: Is There a Correlation Between
The purpose of this study was to compare usage levels of CompassLearning Odyssey mathematics and language arts software among fifth grade students in order to determine the relationship between usage and achievement. While educational software designed by various companies is a regular part of daily instruction in most public schools across the United States, there remains a need for research-based evidence of the efficacy of specific programs. This study used a quantitative design to compare ac
Combing the Evidence for Support of Lab-based Screening Tests: An Update From the US Preventive Serv
The use of evidence-based guidelines is gaining renewed interest as an approach toward the rational use of health care dollars in Europe and the US. This lecture will focus on how the US Preventive Services Task force, a national independent body of primary experts sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Quality and Research, uses evidence-based approaches in making its recommendations regarding screening tests for the US population. We will focus on the recent controversies around recommendation
EMBODYING RESEARCH: A STUDY OF STUDENT ENGAGEMENT IN RESEARCH WRITING
College students often perceive the university as alienating; reading and writing impersonal research texts can intensify this sense of disconnect. College professors often feel passion and enthusiasm toward their own research yet find it difficult to create this excitement in their research writing classrooms. This qualitative study explored student and teacher perceptions and instructional approaches in a university research writing course, seeking clues to student engagement. Data collecti
Structural Awareness for Collaborative Learning Environments
In this paper we propose a peer-to-peer support approach that we call structural awareness support. The structural awareness aims to support the communication that takes place in virtual learning communities. Its emphasis is on revealing the group structure to its participants in order to promote collaborative interactions. This support has been implemented on a forum type tool called Mailgroup. It has been tested twice in different contexts, obtaining initial feedback of its pertinence accordin
Lecture 18 - 11/30/2010
Lecture 28 - 11/29/2010
University / K – 12 Partnerships: How One University Impacted High School Career Decision-making
Local universities and their surrounding school districts have much to offer one another. How universities and school districts work together to create programmatic change in career decision-making for the high school adolescent is unclear. Utilizing a case study approach, this study examined the relationship that exists between a university and two high schools. This was studied through the lens of career development with regard to high school students. This qualitative case study utilized pe
Possible Predictive Factors for the Greater Johnstown School District’s Pennsylvania System of Sc
Relative to Curriculum-Based Assessment (CBA) and the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA), this study sought to determine whether a school district’s CBA reading scores were predictors for the PSSA reading scores for a grade-level cohort of students. Those CBA reading scores were collected in fourth through seventh grades; while the PSSA measure was a scaled score earned on the eighth grade reading measure. The sample included 268 eighth grade students who were roughly 48% male,
The Role of the Elementary Principal in Promoting Parent Involvement: Evidence from Rural, Blue Ribb
The reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary School Education Act has amplified the implications of including parents in the education process. The benefits of parental involvement coupled with the teachers' and parents’ role in promoting involvement have been researched and studied for many years. Few studies focus solely on the principal’s role in promoting parent involvement, however. This study will examine the specialized association and participation of rural elementary princ
Effects of the Utilization of a Reading Coach for Professional Development on Pennsylvania Elementar
Recent studies have suggested that there is correlation between professional development and student achievement (Pritchard & Marshall, 2002; Showers & Joyce, 1996). The specific models for professional development are being evaluated for their effectiveness, as the educational community seeks effective reforms for improving student achievement. The purpose of this study was to delve into the assumptions related to the effectiveness of professional development opportunities and its correlations
A Writing Teacher Learns from his Students: The Symbiosis of Student-Centered Pedagogy and Teacher R
This teacher research study documents the attempts of a college writing teacher to use response-oriented, student-centered pedagogy as a means of providing practical learning experiences for his students while simultaneously providing a practical professional development opportunity for himself. In pursuit of this goal, the teacher promoted a dialogue with the students that sought to engender their sense of engagement in the class while simultaneously encouraging their criticism and analysis of
UNDERSTANDING THE PARADIGM SHIFT: A DESCRIPTIVE CASE STUDY OF THE IMPACT OF CHANGES IN INFORMATION
The purpose of this descriptive case study was to understand the impact on librarians, faculty, and students of changes in information literacy instructional methodologies that were piloted as an innovation within a particular institutional setting. The following questions were considered. In what ways and to what extent has a more holistic approach to teaching information literacy been assimilated by faculty and librarians? In what ways and to what extent have faculty attitudes toward teac
The Atmosphere: Composition and Evolution of the Atmosphere
Instructor: Julie Ferguson, Ph.D.
License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA
Description: The composition and circulation of the atmosphere with a focus on explaining the fundamentals of weather and climate. Topics include solar and terrestrial radiation, clouds, and weather patterns.
Recorded April 1, 2014 (31:09)
Required attribution: Ferguson, Julie Earth Science System 5 (UCI OpenCourseWare: University of California, Irvine),http://ocw.uci.edu/courses/ess_
Essential Science for Teachers: Life Science: Session 2. Classifying Living Things
How can we make sense of the living world? During this session, a systematic approach to biological classification is introduced as a starting point for understanding the nature of the remarkable diversity of life on Earth.,This clip addresses the fact that all living things are made of cells and how this organizing feature is the theme for classifying the organisms on earth.
Private Universe in Project in Mathematics: Workshop 6: "Possibilities of Real Life Problems"
Students come up with a surprising array of strategies and representations to build their understanding of a real-life calculus problembefore they have ever taken calculus.,High school seniors from Kenilworth and New Brunswick NJ, work on a real-life problem based on Eadweard Muybridge's historic sequence of 24 photographs of a cat in motion. The question, How fast is the cat moving in frame 10 and frame 20?, deals with one of the fundamental ideas of calculus. Students find several ways t
Private Universe in Project in Mathematics: Workshop 6: "Possibilities of Real Life Problems"
Students come up with a surprising array of strategies and representations to build their understanding of a real-life calculus problembefore they have ever taken calculus.,High school seniors from Kenilworth and New Brunswick work on a real-life problem based on a sequence of 24 photographs of a cat in motion. The question, How fast is the cat moving in frame 10 and frame 20?, deals with some of the fundamental ideas of calculus. Students find several ways to represent their growing under