Identifying Coordination Agents for Collaborative Telelearning
This paper deals with identifying roles for coordination agents in a future collaborative telelearning environment. The current practice of students participating in a net-based simulation marketing game on-campus, is studied with an eye on designing a future collaborative telelearning environment where this same net-based simulation game will be central. The work described in this paper is situated within the theoretical foundations of computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL). In partic
A Framework System for Intelligent Support in Open Distributed Learning Environments
Recent trends in the design of learning support systems are characterized by considering group interaction, by combining intelligent support with interactive learning environments, by providing reusable domain-independent components, and by using agent-structured architectures. Taking these trends into account, an open framework system has been developed for integrating distributed intelligent support components with an interactive and collaborative learning environment. Work in shared activity
Stagecast Creator and Webct: An integrated use of computer programming and a virtual learning en
This paper reports on an effort to use Stagecast Creator as a means for developing modelling skills among undergraduate students taking an introductory course in science that took place in a virtual learning environment (WebCT). An inquiry-based curriculum was implemented, which guided students working in small groups to collect and study moon observations and construct a series of successive models of the moon phases using Stagecast Creator. Students reflective journals and reports of s
Détermination automatique des théorèmes-en-acte des élèves en algèbre. Le cas des équations e
Dans cet article, nous sommes intéressés à la détermination automatique de théorèmes-en-acte en algèbre. Ces théorèmes-en-acte ont été construits de façon abstraite, puis nous avons cherché à automatiser le mécanisme de leur diagnostic. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé le logiciel Aplusix comme support des productions des élèves qui permet d'enregistrer toutes les actions des élèves. Une base de règles correctes et erronées a été mise en place et un interpréteur de règles
Didactique et intelligence artificielle
Le présent article reprend l'essentiel du contenu de mon exposé introductif à la journée "Didactique et environnements d'apprentissage informatisés" de la VI° école d'été de didactique des mathématiques (Gras 1991) et les principales idées présentées lors du premier exposé que j'ai fait sur ce thème à l'occasion des XIII° journées francophones sur l'informatique (Balacheff 1991). Il s'agit de suggérer des lignes de recherches potentiellement fécondes pour les didacticiens, da
Web 2.0 for Content for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education
The study will provide a set of recommendations for the JISC, institutions, and teachers on the effective use of Web 2.0 technologies for sharing content for teaching and learning. This will be achieved by desk research building on JISC funded and other work already undertaken, and widespread consultation across the community through an online workshop. The desk research will look at both existing practice and institutional policies which can facilitate or inhibit the use of Web 2.0 technologie
Learning Objects 2: Standards, Metadata, Repositories, and LCMS
This book is the second in a four-volume series. It builds upon the first volume by taking an extended and in-depth look at theorists' and practitioners' efforts to consolidate current knowledge and praxis. This consolidation centers around conceptual and technological issues related to standards, metadata, repositories, and the concept of the LCMS (Learning Content Management System). Part I contains six chapters that focus upon LO concepts vis-à-vis architecture. A discussion of syntax, seman
Didactic Decision-Making Process
In a Surgery Learning Environment
In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method to define the apprenticeship utility function. This model is embedded in a computer-based learning environment dedicated to orthopedic surgery. The decision model allows the production of feedback relevant to the user’s knowledge during her/his activities with the learning environment. The surgical knowledge in the learning environment is represented with Bayesian Networks and the decision-making process
Organizational scenarios for the use of learning objects
The Dutch six-part series Leerobjecten in de praktijk (Learning objects in practice) is about six divergent and difficult problems that occur frequently in working with learning objects. Based on research into existing practice, guidelines are offered to policy makers, educational technology consultants, teachers, educational designers and developers of digital learning materials who are struggling with these problems in higher education. Organizational scenarios presents the following three s
A modelling challenge : untangling learner knowledge
For now about three decades, systematic research on students learning of science and mathematics has evidenced a great variety of the possible understanding for a given notion, as well as an important sensitivity of these understandings to contexts. Students' knowing appears as a tangle of local conceptions of which we have a very partial and unorganised picture. We present here the outlines of the modelling tool we have developed, and of its framework, in order to give account of learners' know
Exploring the mathematics of motion through construction and collaboration.
In this paper we give a detailed account of the design principles and construction of activities designed for learning about the relationships between position, velocity and acceleration, and corresponding kinematics graphs. Our approach is model-based, that is, it focuses attention on the idea that students constructed their own models – in the form of programs – to formalise and thus extend their existing knowledge. In these activities, students controlled the movement of objects in a prog
Computational Representation of Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns Using IMS Learning Desing
The identification and integration of reusable and customizable CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning) may benefit from the capture of best practices in collaborative learning structuring. The authors have proposed CLFPs (Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns) as a way of collecting these best practices. To facilitate the process of CLFPs by software systems, the paper proposes to specify these patterns using IMS Learning Design (IMS-LD). Thus, teachers without technical knowledge can p
Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066-1300: Volume 6 York
Traces the chronology and careers of the archbishops and the senior clergy of York Minster (deans, precentors, chancellors, treasurers, subdeans, succentors, archdeacons and canons), plus the estates and values of the individual dignities and prebends.
The Power of Basic Science Applied to Medical Progress: Past Examples and Hope for Schizophrenia and
An exemplar of the purpose-driven life in medical science, Ed Scolnick details research milestones from a remarkably varied career, revealing how scientific insight and collaborative effort translate into life-saving solutions for millions.
This physician turned biochemist has held distinguished positions at t
Learning how to learn: a process we all engage in throughout our lives, but no single method of learning guarantees success. This unit aims to make the process of learning much more explicit by inviting you to apply various ideas and activities to your own study as a way of increasing your awareness of your own learning. Most learning has to be an active process – and this is particularly true of learning how to learn.
12 Further reading and sources of help
Writing reports and assignments can be a daunting prospect. This unit is designed to help you develop the skills you need to write effectively for academic purposes. You will learn how to interpret questions and how to plan, structure and write your assignment or report.
"The Flood Disaster in Pakistan: Socio-economic Consequences and Potential Geopolitical Ramification
Imtiaz Gul is the Executive Director of the Centre for Research and Security Studies in Islamabad. He is the author of three books on the ongoing security concerns in South Asia: The Unholy Nexus, The Al-Qaeda Connection, and The Most Dangerous Place. Gul addresses the longer term political and social consequences of the floods in Pakistan of July of this
4.3 Chain growth polymerization Chain growth polymerization is basically a three-stage process, involving initiation of active molecules, their propagation and termination of the active chain ends.
Chain growth polymerization is basically a three-stage process, involving initiation of active molecules, their propagation and termination of the active chain ends.