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The effects of the Psychological Sense of Community in on-line and face-to-face academic courses
Recent studies have shown that the Psychological Sense of Community (PSoC) felt by students plays a key role in affecting their performance, satisfaction and persistence in academic degree programs. Hence, the lower student performance and higher dropout rates suffered by on-line courses in comparison with their face-to-face counterparts are often traced back to lower levels of PSoC caused by the lack of physical interactions among students who learn at a distance. The aim of this work is to und
Author(s): Pigliapoco Erika,Bogliolo Alessandro

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Moursund Mathematics Lecture Series. Dr. Jacob Lurie, Lecture 2: “Ambidexterity”
In classical algebraic geometry, there is often a stark difference between the behavior offields of characteristic zero (such as the complex numbers) and fields of characteristic p (such as finite fields). For example, the equation x^p = 1 has p distinct solutions over the field of complex numbers, but only one solution over any field [...]
Author(s): U O

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Advantages and disadvantages of e-learning at the technical university
The term Electronic Learning or e-Learning is being used in Russia rather rarely. It integrates a number of terminological notions in the sphere of application of modern information and communication technologies in education such as multimedia, education on the base of web-technologies, etc. Teachers and learners must realize that new opportunities are offered by modern on-line communication. A person with basic Internet and Web skills is open to a new world of knowledge, from free Web surfing
Author(s): Sheypak Olga,Artyushina Galina,Artyushina Anna

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Using Auditory Display to Teach Network Intrusion Detection
Teaching network intrusion detection, or NID (the identification of violations of a security policy in a computer network) is a challenging task, because students need to analyze many data from network logs and in real time to identify patterns of network attacks, making these activities visually tiring. This paper describes an ongoing research concerned with designing and applying sounds that represent meaningful information in interfaces (sonification) to support teaching of NID. An usability
Author(s): Garcia-Ruiz Miguel Angel,Edwards Arthur,Aquino-San

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Integrating the Virtual World: Teaching EAI and e-business Integration at Universities of Applied Sc
In this paper, we report on a technology-enhanced learning approach for teaching integration issues. Virtually available Web services have evolved considerably and teaching enterprise application as well as e-business integration at universities has become commonplace.However, this evolution is limited by the time that is needed for developing learner-centered applications, and most of all, by the resulting costs. By applying a collaborative learning model dans by incorporating shared code, avai
Author(s): Flieder Karl

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Measuring knowledge convergence: Achievement similarity and shared knowledge in computer-supported c
Learning in small groups may result in convergent knowledge outcomes or foster possible prior differences between learners. Few studies, however, measure convergence or divergence of knowledge as an outcome of small group learning. This contribution analyzes knowledge convergence/divergence as an outcome of learning in small groups with the concepts of achievement similarity and shared knowledge rooted in two different theoretical frameworks. Achievement similarity means that learners acquired s
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Stegmann Karsten,Fischer Frank

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Using the Internet to Improve University Education: Problem-oriented Web-based Learning with MUNICS
A principled approach to the design of problem-oriented, web-based learning at the university level is presented. The principles include providing authentic contexts with multimedia, supporting collaborative knowledge construction, making thinking visible with dynamic visualisation, quick access to content resources via ICT, and flexible support by tele-tutoring. These principles are used in the MUNICS learning environment, which is designed to help students of computer science to apply their co
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Troendle Pamela,Mandl Heinz

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Blended Learning Technologies in Lifelong Education: Lessons Learned from a Case Study
The combination of the traditional form of education and e-learning activities (blended learning) constitutes an important possibility for the higher education, so that they reach the flexibility which is considered to be necessary for their adaptation to the trainees’ needs within the frame of socio-cognitive needs created by the information society. We present the principles of the application of blended lesson designs in graduate level and of its evaluation by the students. Based on our expe
Author(s): Liotsios Konstantinos,Demetriadis Stavros,Pomborts

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Supporting information comparisons in example-based hypertext environments
Global comparisons of learning from hypertext and traditional text have yet failed to show major advantages concerning the effectiveness of hypertext learning. In the current paper it is proposed that an effective hypertext design needs to be based on thorough cognitive task analyses with regard to structures, processes, and resources that are required to benefit from a specific learning approach. This claim is illustrated by two experiments, in which we investigated two methods for supporting e
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina,Schuh Julia

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Can learning from molar and modular worked examples be enhanced by providing instructional explanati
In two experiments we explored how learning from traditional molar worked-out examples—focusing on problem categories and their associated overall solution procedures—as well as from more efficient modular worked-out examples—where intrinsic cognitive load is reduced by breaking down complex solutions into smaller meaningful solution elements—can be further enhanced. Instructional explanations or self-explanation prompts were administered to increase germane cognitive load. However, both int
Author(s): Gerjets Peter,Scheiter Katharina,Catrambone Richar

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Elaborating new arguments through a CSCL scenario
The CSCL community faces two main challenges with respect to learning and argumentation. The scientific challenge is to understand how argumentation produces learning, that is to discover which cognitive mechanisms, triggered by argumentative interactions, generate new knowledge and in which conditions. The engineering challenge is to determine how to trigger productive argumentation among students. These two challenges are often investigated in parallel, but this contribution focuses on the lat
Author(s): Jermann Patrick,Dillenbourg Pierre

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Enhancing a Web-Based Distance-Learning Curriculum with Dedicated Tools
The work presented in this paper aims at supporting students involved in a Web-based distance-learning curriculum. For such a purpose, the Saafir system proposes students with different tools that support them in their appropriation of this curriculum, e.g. visualization of the curriculum from different points of view or construction of individual projects by putting different items of the curriculum into relation. In order to allow using Saafir with already existing distance-learning Websites,
Author(s): Rasseneur-Coffinet Dorothee,Jacoboni Pierre,Tchoun

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An approach to distance learning curriculum appropriation
The work presented aims at supporting distance learning students in their appropriation of a curriculum. We propose an approach that consists in helping students to construct individual projects. We dissociate different aspects (planning, evaluation and regulation) that can be useful for this purpose, propose a technological approach (epiphyte system, ontology-based model) and example of tools currently provided by the Saafir framework.
Author(s): Rasseneur Rasseneur,Jacoboni Pierre,Tchounikine Pi

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60 seconds with David Grayson
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Sequence effects in solving knowledge-rich problems: The ambiguous role of surface similarities
Sequence effects are said to occur whenever the problem solving performance varies as a function of the order in which problems are solved. We present a framework that explain sequence effects as a result of (a) learning during solving a problem and of (b) transferring the learned content on succeeding problems. In two experiments we studied the ambiguous influence of surface similarities among structurally dissimilar knowledge-rich problems on sequence effects. These experiments demonstrate tha
Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter

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When less is sometimes more: Optimal learning conditions are required for schema acquisition from mu
While it is usually claimed that multiple examples for the illustration of problem categories are a necessary prerequisite for schema acquisition, there is a lack of conclusive empirical evidence supporting this claim. Moreover, there are findings indicating that carefully designed one-example conditions may allow for profitable processes of example comparison as well. In line with this reasoning, we present an experiment – that builds up on a series of studies conducted by Quilici and Mayer (1
Author(s): Scheiter Katharina,Gerjets Peter

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Gridcole: a tailorable grid service based system that supports scripted collaborative learning
This paper introduces Gridcole, a new system that can be easily tailored by educators in order to support the realization of scripted collaborative learning situations. To do so, educators can provide a script specifying the sequence of activities to be performed by learners as well as the tools and documents required to support them. Gridcole can then search for these tools in a service-oriented grid in order to integrate them so that they are available for users during the realization of the s
Author(s): Bote-Lorenzo Miguel Luis,Gomez-Sanchez Eduardo,Veg

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Exploratory Test of an Automated Knowledge Elicitation and Organization Tool
his paper combines the contents of two papers that were presented at the ITS 98 conference one focusing on knowledge representation (Shute, 1998) and the other describing a knowledge elicitation tool (Shute, Torreano, & Willis, 1998). There are three main purposes of this paper. First, as a means to stress instructional and assessment implications of different knowledge types, we will briefly overview knowledge representations. Second, we describe a novel cognitive tool designed to aid in knowle
Author(s): Shute Valerie J.,Torreano Lisa A.,Willis Ross E.

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Stagecast Creator™ and Webct™: An integrated use of computer programming and a virtual learning en
This paper reports on an effort to use Stagecast Creator™ as a means for developing modelling skills among undergraduate students taking an introductory course in science that took place in a virtual learning environment (WebCT™). An inquiry-based curriculum was implemented, which guided students working in small groups to collect and study moon observations and construct a series of successive models of the moon phases using Stagecast Creator™. Students’ reflective journals and reports of s
Author(s): Nicolaou Christiana Th.,Constantinou Constantinos

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Internet Scout Project
The free access portion of the Atlapedia Online site, Countries A to Z, provides an attractive political and physical map of each country of the world, including basic information such as its capital, system of government, population, geography, climate, religions, languages, currency, modern history, trading partners, exports, military, and more. Giving students of any age access to interesting and fun facts, the database can be searched easily or browsed by the first letter of each country. Al
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