Uncertainty-reducing cooperation scripts in online learning environments
Online learning courses can create new interaction situations for participants who have not previously worked with each other. Initially, there is some degree of uncertainty between participants in these interaction situations. According to the uncertainty reduction theory, low uncertainty increases theamount of discourse and decreases information seeking. Thus, uncertainty may influence online discourseand learning. However, the relation of uncertainty reduction to learning outcomes has not yet
An integrated perspective to approach technology in mathematics education
This paper concerns a research work developed in an European project. The aim of this work was to produce a document integrating the different theoretical frameworks employed by the project teams. The theoretical constructs of didactical functionalities, and experimental educational cycle, associated to an ICT tool, allowed us to analyse the roles played by technology in the considered set of theoretical frameworks. With this respect, we present examples concerning the theory of didactic situati
An analysis of the SRL potential
of TD-SSIS 2005
a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment based on
This report presents an analysis of the potential support to Self-Regulated Learning granted by a CSCL environment set up for a teacher traing course on Educational Technology. The analysis is made by applying a check-list developed within the European project TELEPEERS.,Research report
Supporting teachers when diagnosing their students in algebra
In this paper we will describe our current work on the Lingot project. We will focus on the description of a software called « Pépite », the objective of which is to help teachers diagnose their students' algebra competencies. Then we will show how different uses of Pepite by teachers lead us to define several types of diagnosis in order to fit better various users' needs.
Виртуална лаборатория за интегрирано изучаване на мат
6.4 Second Essay As a preliminary to the Second Essay, Owen says that he will enhance further his discussion of his underlying principles and then begin to explain to his readers how they can be applied in practice. Notice too the prologue for the Second Essay (p. 113) , quoting Vansittart's view that ‘if we cannot reconcile, all opinions, let us endeavour to unite all hearts’, a ringing phrase often quoted by Owen in later publications and widely adopted as one of the most popular Owenite homilies
As a preliminary to the Second Essay, Owen says that he will enhance further his discussion of his underlying principles and then begin to explain to his readers how they can be applied in practice. Notice too the prologue for the Second Essay (p. 113) , quoting Vansittart's view that ‘if we cannot reconcile, all opinions, let us endeavour to unite all hearts’, a ringing phrase often quoted by Owen in later publications and widely adopted as one of the most popular Owenite homilies
Usability and Pedagogical Design: are Language Learning Websites Special?
This paper explores the usability of e-learning websites, with particular reference to foreign language learning. Notions and concepts of usability are analyzed, and a definition of ‘pedagogical usability’ is proposed. The key issue is whether there are aspects of pedagogical usability that are discipline-specific. The paper examines the way in which language learning and teaching, in particular Technology Enhanced Language Learning (TELL), has approached usability as an area worthy of consi
Futurelab: Learning with handheld technologies
This handbook offers a guide and resource for those considering exploring handheld technologies for teaching and learning purposes. Four case reports show how different schools, LAs and individuals have attempted to tap the potential of handheld technology for learning, while a wider survey of handheld learning projects gives a sense of the range of work going on, along with contact information.,Research report
Embedding knowledge in the design of an orthopaedic surgery learning
This paper deals with an ongoing work involving surgeons, didacticians and computer scientists. The objective is to design a computer based environment for learning screw placement in orthopaedic surgery on the basis of a computer assisted surgical (CAS) tool. We describe our methodology to create a didactical plug-in component for the CAS system. The created system will consider the user's knowledge employed for the task to provide linked and relevant feedback.
Are well-designed Web sites efficient for learning mathematics at the undergraduate level?
We conducted an experiment in order to examine the effectiveness of an educational Web site, which provides resources to undergraduate students in mathematics. The participants' task was to solve 18 questions about differential equations. Students in the paper condition outperformed those in Web site conditions. There was no difference between the original and an improved Web site version. Moreover, students in all conditions preferred working with the paper resource. Practical and theoretical i
Étude d'un environnement pour le diagnostic et la remédiation de conceptions erronées en électri
Ce document est composé de quatre parties. Après avoir exposé notre problématique de recherche, nous exposons l’état de l’art que nous avons réalisé en débutant par un état des lieux des conceptions et modes de raisonnement erronés, les plus récurrents en électricité. Ensuite, nous définirons la place de la simulation dans l’enseignement et nous étudierons son impact sur les conceptions erronées des élèves. Pour clore l’état de l’art, nous étudierons comment est pri
On-line Learning Networks: Frameworks and Scenarios
Progressively the idea of using the internet as a platform to mediate social interactions and learning at different levels has affirmed itself, and this has given rise to a huge number of spontaneous and planned collectives, which are often described as on-line learning networks. On-line learning networks create value from a combination of content and people knowledge. They can vary widely in the strength and permanence of their connections and resources necessary to maintain them. Aspects both
Academic Use of Digital Resources: Disciplinary Differences and the Issue of Progression
This paper examines the use of digital resources by academics in UK Higher education. The explosive growth of the Internet and in particular the Web has led to a growth in speculation about networked and e-learning (Steeples and Jones 2003, Brown and Duguid 2000). Increasingly researchers have become aware of the ways the university resists such changes and provides a 'resourceful constraint' to the changes surrounding the introduction of networked learning (Brown and Duguid 2000, Cornford 2002)
Turtles, fairy tales and pen-friends - Enhancing socialisation, self-reliance and creativity in an I
The following is the story of a journey undertaken in the first months of 1997 in a small primary school in the village of Panico, 20 kilometres south of Bologna, in Italy. It is a very modern story, with a beginning, and with an open end. The story stops when the traveller has to abandon her journey, so that she can tell others the story of her journey. Actually, the story is not even a story, but an impressionistic journal seeking to capture the everchanging movements of a complex universe. It
Designing to facilitate learning through networked technologies: factors influencing the implementat
Recent advances in computers and telecommunications have allowed networked learning to play a significant role to play across the complete spectrum of higher education teaching. One of the most significant UK government initiatives to date has been the development the Information Environment (IE) originally called as the Distributed National Electronic Resource (DNER), which is aiming to create a managed environment for accessing quality assured information resources on the Internet (IE, 2004).
Teaching Expertise is at The Core of ITS Research
To design efficient, flexible and user-adaptable learning environments, we need to embed a great deal of knowledge into them. This paper emphasises the teacher's knowledge, which encompasses all the expertise of the teacher or of the trainer. Thus it is broader than that which is usually called tutoring knowledge. We start with a description of several facets of teaching expertise and of various implementations that have been described in the ITS literature. Then we describe in more detail some
Learning Object-Oriented Programming
Loud discussions concerning various ways of teaching object-orientation have taken place without much empirical evidence for any position. This paper reports qualitative observations of learning of object-ori-ented programming in an introductory course. The students were found to cope reasonably well with the object-oriented concepts, and they had learnt procedural programming first. However, they modeled the real world domain to be represented in the program by imagination and through coding. T
Exploiting distance technology to foster experimental design as a neglected learning objective in la
This article deals with the design process of a remote laboratory for labwork in chemistry. In particular, it focuses on the mutual dependency of theoretical conjectures about learning in the experimental sciences and technological opportunities in creating learning environments. The design process involves a detailed analysis of the expert task and knowledge, e.g., spectrophotometry as a method for the determination of the concentration of a compound in a solution. In so doing, modifications in
Usage Analysis Driven by Models in a Pedagogical Context
In the context of distance learning and teaching, the re-engineering process needs a feedback on the learners' usage of the learning system. The feedback is given by interviews, questionnaires, but in the majority of systems, it is given by log files. We consider that it is important to interpret tracks in order to compare the designer's intentions with the learners' activities during a session. In this paper, we present the usage tracking language – UTL. This language was designed to be gener
What makes a successful General Manager?
Exploring the importance of careers support, we follow students at the General Managers Speakers Panel. Designed for students and alumni with 8-25 years' experience, expert managers offered real insight into the realities of General Management.