A Hypermedia Model for Supporting Energy Design in Buildings
Several studies have discussed the limitations of the available CAAD tools and have proposed solutions [Brown and Novitski 1987, Brown 1990, Degelman and Kim 1988, Schuman et al 1988]. The lack of integration between the different tasks that these programs address and the design process is a major problem. Schuman et al  argued that in architectural design many issues must be considered simultaneously before the synthesis of a final product can take place. Studies by Brown and Novitski [19
Form in Islamic Architecture: A new vision by using 3D Studio Max program
Architecture is a record of human civilization, values, principles and concepts. Form (elements and relations) is one of the visual features of identity and self on one hand and expressive features of place and time (scientific and technical development ) on the other hand. Creating new forms from historical forms is considered one of the greatest challenges that face the architect. Research problem centered on the importance of form in Islamic architecture, and the possibility of investment a
Expertise of the Architect
One of the areas where the expertise of the seasoned architect comes out is in the initial structuring of design problems. During problem structuring the parameters and processes used in design are defined. Experienced architects modify these parameters both in global and local levels as a function of the success of their research process. Experienced architects also rely on 'scenarios' acquired through pervious experiences with similar problems to initialize their problem structures or to redef
Analyzing the Changes of Bosphorus Silhouette
Due to improving technology and global competition today sky is the only limit for high towers of metropolitan areas. The increase in number of high rise has been ruining the silhouette of cities all over the world like Istanbul, whose identity and image have also been destroyed by skyscrapers dominating the seven slopes on which it was once built. The urbanization in Istanbul has somehow become homogenous and destructive over the topography. Despite of raising debates on the critical issue now
Grammar Representations to Facilitate Style Innovation - An Example From Mobile Phone Design
Previous research in generative design has suggested that shape grammar transformations could be used for developing new design styles by the systematic modification of grammars that encode existing styles. Our research explores how such grammar transformations can be facilitated to be responsive to changes in design style requirements. For this it is important to consider the structure and organization of rules, as well as the description of the styles of designs generated by a grammar. Using a
The Re-Convergence of Art and Science: A Vehicle for Creativity
Ever-increasing complexity in product design and the need to deliver a cost-effective solution that benefits from a dynamic approach requires the employment and adoption of innovative design methods which ensure that products are of the highest quality and meet or exceed customers' expectations. According to Bronowski (1976) science and art were originally two faces of the same human creativity. However, as civilisation advances and works became specialised, the dichotomy of science and art grad
A CAVE-Interface in CAAD-Education
The so called "CAVE-interface" is a very interesting and thrilling development for architects! It supports a better illusion of space by exposing almost a 270? view of a computer model than the 60? which can be viewed on an ordinary computer screen. At the Lund University we have got the possibility to experiment with a CAVE-installation, using it in research and the education of CAAD. The technique and two experiments are discribed. The possibilities are discussed and some problems and question
High carbon steel
Treated at 1000 centigrade for 15 minutes and then isothermally treated at 200 centigrade for 4 days, start of bainite transformation. This micrograph shows a lath of bainitic-ferrite growing into a grain of austenite and the dislocation field generated by the displacive transformation. Reference: Proceedings of International Conference on Martensitic Transformations (ICOMAT '02), Helsinki, Finland, 2002.
This sample shows the typical structure of silal, irons with high Si content (5.5-7.9 wt%). It is a grey cast iron alloyed with 4-6wt% Si to provide good oxidation resistance. The high Si content forms a dense, adherent iron silicate surface film, which is resistant to oxygen penetration. The flake graphite iron Silal was one of the first heat resisting cast irons developed. Spheroidal graphite Si irons have higher strength and improved ductility. The structure shows cored dendrites of ferrite w
Monthly Average Erythemal Index (UV exposure) for 2000-2001 (WMS)
The Erythemal Index is a measure of ultraviolet (UV) radiation at ground level on the Earth. (The word erythema means an abnormal redness of the skin, such as is caused by spending too much time in the sun--a sunburn is damage to your skin cells caused by UV radiation.) Atmospheric ozone shields life at the surface from most of the harmful components of solar radiation. Chemical processes in the atmosphere can affect the level of protection provided by the ozone in the upper atmosphere. This thi
Straight from Sark - 11/15/10
Catch all the news during the 2010 Husky football season with Coach Steve Sarkisian’s weekly press conference, live on UWTV every Monday at noon. And just in case you miss the live press conference, watch again at 6:30 p.m. all season long for extra game highlights!
Interview de Nadège RAGARU
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Interview de Marie MAC ANDREW (video)
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Natančno opazovanje, primerjanje, prepoznavanje značilnosti, po katerih se objekti naloge med seboj razlikujejo. Glede na prepoznavanje lastnosti, razvijanje sposobnosti razvrščanja.,Careful comparison, classification and observation of different flags and how to recognize them.
Integrative parametric form-finding processes
The recent developments in digital technologies and contemporary design tools are initiating new approaches of form-finding based on parametric development of multiple geometries with simultaneous consideration of various aspects. This paper focuses on the use of advanced parametric CAD systems and reformulated construction logics to enhance the potential and possibilities of form finding processes. This approach is exemplified through the ?Greenhouse Trauttmansdorff project?. The project demons
Courrier du Vietnam
Le Courrier du Vietnam is the only French-language newspaper in Vietnam, founded in 1964 but having its language origins in the country's colonial French past. It is published by the Vietnam Information Agency. This is a quality daily paper, now with a website, which reports on politics, the economy, society and culture. As well as domestic news, there is news about other countries in the 'Francophonie' or French-speaking world. The Dossier section has more in-depth reports on areas such as
Internet Scout Project
The University of Michigan's educational site called Windows to the Universe (last mentioned in the January 6, 1999 Scout Report for Science and Engineering) has added many new lessons to their content. Highlights of these include two activities centered around magnetism. Clicking on the links to the Student Activity Sheet and reading the Notes to the Teacher are essential for getting the most out of the activities.
Data Tool Program
Data Tool is a data analysis tool for plotting and fitting data from laboratory experiments, simulations, video analysis, or any other data set organized into columns. A click of a checkbox in Data Tool allows the user to change the appearance of plots, see standard statistics for the data set or apply built-in linear, quadratic or cubic fits to the data set. Data Tool also includes a number of standard mathematical functions that can be applied to the data set, allowing for further analysis and
The Virtual Genetics Lab
The Virtual Genetics Lab (VGL) is a simulation of transmission genetics that approximates, as closely as possible, the hypothesis-testing environment of genetics research. In this lab, students cross hypothetical creatures and examine the progeny in order to determine the mechanism of inheritance of a particular trait. As in actual research, it is not possible to 'see the answer' - the student must decide for herself when she has collected enough data to be sure of her model. The goal is to have
This resource consists of a Java applet and expository text. The applet allows the user to construct a scatterplot by clicking on a graph to generate the bivariate data. The means, standard deviations, correlation, and the regression line are shown.