"It Set the Indian Aside as a Problem"A Sioux Attorney Criticizes the Indian Reorganization Act
The Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, which became known as the Indian New Deal, dramatically changed the federal government's Indian policy. Although John Collier, commissioner of Indian affairs who was responsible for the new policy, may have viewed Indians with great sympathy, not all Native Americans viewed the Indian New Deal in equally positive terms. In this 1968 interview with historian Joseph H. Cash, attorney Ramon Roubideaux, a Brule Sioux, denounced the Indian Reorganization Act as
W.E.B. DuBois Critiques Booker T. Washington
The most influential public critique of Booker T. Washington's policy of racial accommodation and gradualism came in 1903 when black leader and intellectual W.E.B. DuBois published an essay in his collection The Souls of Black Folk with the title "Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others." DuBois rejected Washington's willingness to avoid rocking the racial boat, calling instead for political power, insistence on civil rights, and the higher education of Negro youth.
Making the Atlanta Compromise: Booker T. Washington Is Invited to Speak
On September 18, 1895 Booker T. Washington, the noted African-American educator who was born a slave in 1858, spoke before the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta. His Atlanta Compromise address, as it came to be called, was one of the most important and influential speeches in American history. Acutely conscious of the narrow limitations whites placed on African Americans' economic aspirations, Washington stressed that blacks must accommodate white people's--and especially sou
"They Are Mostly All Foreigners on Strike": Joseph Fish Speaks on the 1919 Steel Strike
In the dramatic 1919 steel strike, 350,000 workers walked off their jobs and crippled the industry. The U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor set out to investigate the strike while it was still in progress. In his testimony before the committee, Homestead, Pennsylvania, steelworker Joseph Fish described conditions in the steel mills as good and maintained that only "one or two" Americans have joined the strike.
"We Did Not Have Enough Money": George Miller's Testimony about the 1919 Steel Strike
In the dramatic 1919 steel strike, 350,000 workers walked off their jobs and crippled the industry. The U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor set out to investigate the strike while it was still in progress. In his testimony before the committee, Clairton worker George Miller called the 1919 strike a quest for "a standard American living"--a phrase that was particularly meaningful to the Serbian-born Miller.
Volcanoes of other worlds
Volcanoes of Other Worlds explores and compares volcanism on other planets. What do we know about plate tectonics on other planets? Planetary bodies highlighted include the Earth's Moon, Mars, Venus and Jupiter's moon Io. Users can also link to Volcano World, an excellent web-source of volcano information.
Cans and Can`ts of Teaching Evolution
This essay discusses what U.S. public school teachers are allowed to say about evolution and religious creation accounts. Eugenie Scott, the author, cites and describes the relevant legal cases that have been judged. The essay also contains links to other essays on the topic of teaching evolution in public schools.
Sun, Moon, and Feather
'This hybrid musical comedy/documentary traces the life and times of three Native American sisters growing up in Brooklyn. The program combines song and dance reenactments of family and tribal stories with home movies taken over a thirty-year period.' Amid both miniature and full-scale sets depicting the family's crowded apartment, details of the lives of the three Miguel daughters and their parents emerge. Often, the narration of the three adult performers overlaps, contradicting and affirming
'The Dogs' is set on a bright, summer day at a seemingly benign seashore inhabited by a nervous, beer-drinking protagonist and a dark, panting dog. This is a narrative that has no dialogue but is structured in movement of the man, of the dog (who is both harmless and menacing by turns), as well as all the camera work moving to the right in a clockwise direction that captures images in vivid color, creating an unsettling spin. A psychological study of shifts in memory and the perception of realit
Interstellar Real Estate – Defining the Habitable Zone
What makes Earth the perfect home for life as we know it? Students in this activity explore the orbital characteristics a planetary home needs to support Earth-like life forms.
California School Garden Network Curriculum
The curriculum section provides over one hundred garden-based lessons to create, expand, and sustain garden-based learning experiences. It offers practical ideas and resources for every level of garden-based learning from sprouting seeds to understanding the food system. This curriculum section was compiled by the University of California Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Garden-Based Learning Workgroup. The content for this section was borrowed, with permission, from various resour
Sun's Impact on Earth's Temperature
In this activity, middle school students view NASA images and movies of Venus, Earth, and Mars to deduce weather patterns and manipulate computer models to test competing hypotheses. By completing this activity, the learner will compare weather patterns observed on Venus, Earth, and Mars; manipulate computer models to investigate the influence of solar distance and atmosphere; evaluate various solar system hypotheses using a computer model.
This site offers a series of programs that culminates with a celebration of the spring equinox. Join this journey of exploration and discovery in preparation for a total solar eclipse.
Amazing Space consists of web-based educational presentations for young children about space, which were developed at the Space Telescope Science and Technology Institute. Teachers teamed up with scientists and engineers from the institute and staff members from the Office of Public Outreach to develop interactive lessons. All lessons include spectacular photographs taken by the Hubble Space Telescope and many high quality graphics, videos, and animation designed to enhance student understanding
Motion Mountain: The Free Physics Textbook
This site provides a free physics textbook that tells the story of how it became possible, after 2500 years of exploration, to answer such questions. The book is written for the curious: it is entertaining, surprising and challenging on every page. With little mathematics, starting from observations of everyday life, the text explores the most fascinating parts of mechanics, thermodynamics, special and general relativity, electrodynamics, quantum theory and modern attempts at unification. The es
Some of the topics that this book addresses are: Vector spaces; finite-dimensional vector spaces; differential calculus; compactness and completeness; scalar product space; differential equations; multilenear functionals; integration; differentiable manifolds; integral calculus on manifolds; exterior calculus. Note: this is a 57 MB PDF Document.
Ten Activities to Consider Before Developing Your First Online Course
Many educators have asked me what they can do to prepare before they formally begin to develop an online course. Becoming familiar with the online learning environment and knowing how to create web pages can give you a head start in developing your course.Consider preparing with one or more of the 10 activities presented.
Horseshoe Crabs and Birds: Could This Living Fossil Become Extinct?
This BioBulletin Web site takes an in-depth look at horseshoe crabs and why this creature that predates the dinosaurs is now at risk. The site includes text, videos, photographs, and interviews with key scientists.
Teacher's Guide to Craters of the Moon
Provides lesson ideas for learning about the geology, history, and ecology of this national park near Arco, Idaho. A high school unit on Managing Critical Resources at Craters of the Moon focuses on degradation of geologic features, water and air quality, and the balance of life of lava. Craters of the Moon National Park offers one of the best examples of basaltic volcanism in the world.
Portraits of Named Enlisted Civil War Men
This is a list of all known photographs in the organized collections of the Prints & Photographs Division that depict named Civil War soldiers with the rank of private, corporal, or sergeant.