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"You Would Never Hear People Complain": Elfido Lpez Recalls Rural Mexican-American Life in the Late
The arrival of the railroad in the Southwest in the early 1870s transformed the area's economy and the lives of its residents. Long-time Mexican residents of the area were quickly drawn into the region's expanding wage economy. In this selection from his handwritten memoir from 1937 Elfido Lpez recalled his childhood on his family's modest homestead and his father's decision to move the family to a small railroad town, and a life of wages, in southern Colorado in 1876.
"Equal and Exact Justice to Both Races": Booker T. Washington on the Reaction to his Atlanta Comprom
The Atlanta Compromise speech, which Booker T. Washington delivered before the Cotton States and International Exposition in 1895, established Washington as the leading black spokesman in America. He came to control enormous amounts of northern white philanthropy directed at African Americans as well as much of the federal patronage dispensed to them by the Republican party. In this excerpt from his autobiography Up From Slavery, Washington described the reactions of both black and white America
"I Always Had Pads with Me": A G.I. Artist's Sketchpad, 1943-1944
In the wake of the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war, thousands of Americans enlisted in the U.S. armed forces. Among them was twenty-year-old Bronx resident Ben Hurwitz. Like many of the men and women who entered military service, Hurwitz (who changed his name to Brown after the war) kept a record of his experiences. But his "journal" was a sketchpad, and, during his two years in North Africa and Italy, Corporal Hurwitz drew and painted at every opportunity. Hurwitz's pictures a
A Woman Recounts Her Twelve Abortions in Turn-of-the-Century New York
In an interview, conducted by oral historian Allyson Knoth for the Feminist History Research Project, Elizabeth Anderson, born in Germany in the late 1880s, described the twelve abortions she endured as a young married woman living in New York City with a husband who refused to use birth control devices such as condoms. Anderson detailed a series of painful and dangerous procedures, including the use of ergot pills, and pricking the cervix with a hat pin. Anderson also suggested that abortion wa
Burned into Memory: An African American Recalls Mob Violence in Early 20th century Florida
The threat of lynching was a powerful mechanism for keeping black Southerners in line. Although this interview (conducted by historian Charles Hardy for a radio program) took place in 1985, "William Brown" (a pseudonym) could still vividly recall the smell of burning flesh that lingered after a 1902 lynching that he witnessed in Jacksonville, Florida, when he was five years old.
"The Men Seem To Be Pretty Well Satisfied": John Anderson on the 1919 Steel Strike
In the dramatic 1919 steel strike, 350,000 workers walked off their jobs and crippled the industry. The U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor set out to investigate the strike while it was still in progress. In his testimony before the committee, John Anderson, a helper in the open-hearth furnace at the Homestead steelworks in Pennsylvania, maintains that the steelworkers were satisfied with conditions. Although born in Scotland, Anderson identified himself as an"American" in distinction
"We Ought to Have the Right to Belong to the Union": Frank Smith Speaks on the 1919 Steel Strike
In the dramatic 1919 steel strike, 350,000 workers walked off their jobs and crippled the industry. The U.S. Senate Committee on Education and Labor set out to investigate the strike while it was still in progress. In his testimony before the committee, Hungarian-born Frank Smith, a Clairton worker, used his support for the war effort as evidence of his Americanism. "This is the United States," he argued, "and we ought to have the right to belong to the union."
"We Had to Be So Careful" A German Farmer's Recollections of Anti-German Sentiment in World War I
German Americans had a complex response to the attacks on their loyalty that emerged when the United States went to war against Germany in 1917. During and after the war, many German Americans began to conceal their ethnic identity--some changed their names; others stopped speaking German; still others quit German-American organizations. Many, like Frank Brocke, son of a German-American farmer, tried to keep a low profile. In this interview, Frank Brocke discussed his own assimilation (he later
From Mutual Assured Destruction to Star Wars
Caspar Weinberger served as U.S. president Ronald Reagan's secretary of defense from 1981 to 1987. In this video segment, Weinberger explains how deployment of the MX missile stopped the Soviet Union from believing it could successfully launch a first strike, which he feels is 'the essence of deterrence.' A better alternative to 'mutual assured destruction,' he argues, is the Strategic Defense Initiative, the Reagan administration's hotly contested proposal to design space-based weapons that cou
George Rochberg and His Music
Documentary containing interview footage with the composer George Rochberg, and narrated overview of his life and music. Includes performances of his music recorded for this program. Rochberg compositions are performed for the piece. They include: 'Between Two Worlds,' with Sue Ann Kahn on flute and Andrew Willis on piano 'Rehearsal,' with Joseph Robinson on Oboe 'Soundings' was a music documentary program affiliated with the Workshop and produced by Bernice 'Bunny' Olenick.
Music of Ivana Themmen, The
Documentary containing interview footage with the composer Ivana Themmen, and narrated overview of her life and music. Includes performances of her music recorded for this program. Themmen compositions are performed for the piece. They include: 'Mystic Trumpeter,' featuring Katherine Ciesinski as soprano and Harold Themmen as conductor 'Cupid and Psyche,' with Emanuel Borok on violin'Lullaby,' with Allegra and Tania Themmen 'Soundings' was a music documentary program affiliated with the Workshop
Inside the Oval Office
As staff secretary to President Dwight Eisenhower from 1954 to 1961, General Andrew Goodpaster was the person most privy to Eisenhower's thinking and key decisions during his White House years. Goodpaster began his long affiliation with Eisenhower as a staff officer under his leadership of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), and he went on to become the president's right-hand man on security matters. In this video segment, Goodpaster describes the inter-service rivalries that
Sun, Moon, and Feather
'This hybrid musical comedy/documentary traces the life and times of three Native American sisters growing up in Brooklyn. The program combines song and dance reenactments of family and tribal stories with home movies taken over a thirty-year period.' Amid both miniature and full-scale sets depicting the family's crowded apartment, details of the lives of the three Miguel daughters and their parents emerge. Often, the narration of the three adult performers overlaps, contradicting and affirming
Small Jubilee, A
'A Small Jubilee' presents images of student uprisings, amusement parks, and street scenes. The images are processed and animated and alternate between black and white and color saturated. Dramatic text with religious overtones by Shalom Gorewitz and Beo Morales is spoken as a voiceover and examines religious symbolism.
'The Motherland' is approximately seven minutes long and juxtaposes archival footage of Augusto Pinochet with camp-like dramatizations by two actors, referred to in the credits as 'Prophet' and 'Motherland.' In an almost empty house, a woman has visions of a Christlike figure. She gives birth to a duck. At the conclusion of the work, she removes carefully arranged fruit and vegetables from the body of the Prophet to expose his wounds. 'The Motherland' presents religious and political images, cal
Seeing the Invisible
Students will be instructed to make an observation of a flower (tulip) given the one stipulation that they will only be allowed to detect the parts of the plant that are green. Through observation and discussion, students will be led to understand that only seeing parts of the flower leads to an incomplete and even inaccurate understanding of its structure. Students will construct their own knowledge of the Sun emitting light above and below the visible spectrum by using UV beads to detect ultr
Volcanic Clouds and the Atmosphere
The common plastic water bottle makes a useful container for demonstrating properties of gases and liquids. As typical examples, we know that “air” is a gas (made up of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, ozone, carbon dioxide, and several “trace” gases) and water is a liquid. We should also note that gases and liquids are both “fluids”. That is, they can flow or change shape, rather than having a fixed shape like a solid. So what happens when a water bottle is opened? Usually not much. W
smARThistory.org is a free multi-media web-book designed as a dynamic enhancement (or even substitute) for the traditional and static art history textbook.