Implementation of ICT in Higher Education as Interacting Activity Systems
Implementation of ICT in higher education is not a trivial process. It is however a process leading to a number of challenges and problems. The paper develops a theoretical model of the implementation of ICT in higher education based on activity theory and on a case study in a Danish university. The model suggest that implementation in itself is an activity system. The implementation activity is composed of three processes: Selection of ICT; adaptation of ICT and change of practice with ICT. Fur
Didactic Decision-Making Process
In a Surgery Learning Environment
In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method to define the apprenticeship utility function. This model is embedded in a computer-based learning environment dedicated to orthopedic surgery. The decision model allows the production of feedback relevant to the user’s knowledge during her/his activities with the learning environment. The surgical knowledge in the learning environment is represented with Bayesian Networks and the decision-making process
Advanced Solid State Physics
This course is about the electronic properties of materials and contains lectures about scattering, transport in metals, phonons and superconductivity. Study Goals: The goal of the course is twofold: to present modern concepts of the electronic properties of the materials, and to develop he ability to read (and understand) scientific papers. The first goal will be achieved through a series of lectures and sets of exercises. A considerable attention is devoted to superconductivity, not only becau
This lesson introduces the ways that engineers study and harness the wind. Students will learn about the different kinds of winds and how to measure wind direction. In addition, students will learn how air pressure creates winds and how engineers build and test wind turbines to harness energy from wind.
A modelling challenge : untangling learner knowledge
For now about three decades, systematic research on students learning of science and mathematics has evidenced a great variety of the possible understanding for a given notion, as well as an important sensitivity of these understandings to contexts. Students' knowing appears as a tangle of local conceptions of which we have a very partial and unorganised picture. We present here the outlines of the modelling tool we have developed, and of its framework, in order to give account of learners' know
Designing Mixed Reality: Principles, Projects and Practice
Mixed Reality is an increasingly prevalent technology that merges digital simulations with physical objects or environments. This paper presents principles for the design of mixed reality compositions. The principles are illustrated by projects and experiments by the author involving architecture and robotics.
Turtles, fairy tales and pen-friends - Enhancing socialisation, self-reliance and creativity in an I
The following is the story of a journey undertaken in the first months of 1997 in a small primary school in the village of Panico, 20 kilometres south of Bologna, in Italy. It is a very modern story, with a beginning, and with an open end. The story stops when the traveller has to abandon her journey, so that she can tell others the story of her journey. Actually, the story is not even a story, but an impressionistic journal seeking to capture the everchanging movements of a complex universe. It
Students explore the impact of changing river volumes and different floodplain terrain in experimental trials with table top-sized riverbed models. The models are made using modeling clay in an aluminum baking pans placed on a slight incline. Water added “upstream” at different flow rates and to different riverbed configurations simulates different potential flood conditions. Students study flood dynamics as they modify the riverbed with blockages or levees to simulate real-world scenarios.
A Metadata Based Web Distance Learning Platform
Distance Learning is acquiring a role that becomes more and more important with the huge diffusion of the Internet and related technologies. Consequently, the investigation for adequate architectures and platforms supporting flexible Distance Le arning engines and solution is nowadays of great interests in the Scientific Community. The present paper introduces a platform based on the adoption of Metadata concepts and on the use of a “processorlike” behavior of the Web Course Delivery engine
An Advanced E-learning Community Proposal Using MS Sharepoint Portal Server
In order to implement e-learning, quite often simple Internet technologies are used, usually without any clear pedagogical approach. Unfortunately this is not quite effective, it restricts learners' exchanges, while influence the quality of resulted knowledge construction. More sophisticated environments are needed when we vision e-learning as taken place in a rich and flexible Learning Community context, for young students or even for adults and professionals. Our proposal consists of an Electr
SALL: Specifying a system to Support Academics' Lifelong Learning
This project focuses on the specification of a system to support academics during the lifelong learning process. The initial data collection involved conducting interviews and a survey amongst academics from several disciplines. The collected data was combined with learning theories to reveal the ways in which technology could support academics. Subsequently, the needs that would be addressed by the proposed system were considered. Accordingly, the guided metaphor of the system was decided to be
Seeing and Feeling Sound Vibrations
Students examine the existence of sound by listening to and seeing sound waves while conducting a set of simple activities as a class or in pairs at stations. Students describe sound in terms of its pitch, volume and frequency. They use this knowledge to discuss how engineers study sound waves to help people who cannot hear or talk.
Scripts for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Effects of social and epistemic cooperation s
Not available,Doctoral Dissertation, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
OCTOPUS: A Technological Model for Online Resource Centre in Environmental Education
The communication focuses on the implementation of an innovative model for creation of online resources and e-learning activities on a web platform dedicated to environmental education. All activities take place in the frame of Minerva project OCTOPUS: "Transnational on-line resource centre". The resource centre implements a mechanism of multilevel knowledge development and information retrieval system using modern electronic tools. This model is dynamic by its technological structure and also f
Computational Representation of Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns Using IMS Learning Desing
The identification and integration of reusable and customizable CSCL (Computer Supported Collaborative Learning) may benefit from the capture of best practices in collaborative learning structuring. The authors have proposed CLFPs (Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns) as a way of collecting these best practices. To facilitate the process of CLFPs by software systems, the paper proposes to specify these patterns using IMS Learning Design (IMS-LD). Thus, teachers without technical knowledge can p
Remédiation, Simulation, Argumentation : Analyse de productions d'élèves en électricité
Nous nous intéressons à la modélisation des connaissances mises en œuvre par l'apprenant en situation d'apprentissage basé sur un micromonde en électricité. Nous cherchons à déstabiliser et remédier à des misconceptions et modes de raisonnement erronés en électricité. Nous présentons, dans cet article, notre proposition face à ces différentes problématiques. Celle-ci se compose d'un questionnaire dynamique que nous avons conçu et développé. Nos hypothèses de départ furent
Earth Systems and the Environment
These image-rich lecture notes from the Department of Geology at Bryn Mawr College are from Geology course Earth Systems and the Environment approaching the topic as an interdisciplinary study of linked Earth systems. The lecture notes offer information regarding topics such as climate change and how paleoclimate (past climate) is inferred using proxies. The notes, in slide form, discuss what affects climate and how climate has changed through time. The notes feature colorful photos, figures, a
Positions, Activities and Organisations: strategy, from conception to implementation
This is the first in a series of lectures to mark the establishment of LSE's Department of Management.Professor Garicano will discuss how recent advances in the economic analysis of the internal organisation of firms allow for a deeper study of the organisational consequences of positioning choices, and thus permit a more complete understanding of strategy implementation'.
Women's Status, Men's States
Analyzing the nature of the international in gendered terms, Professor MacKinnon provides a perspective on developments in women's human rights globally. Catharine A. MacKinnon, Elizabeth A. Long Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, is a teacher, lawyer, writer, and activist on sex equality domestically and internationally. She has taught at ten law schools including Yale, Harvard, Stanford, Chicago, Osgoode Hall (Toronto), and Columbia, and been a fellow at the Institute for Advanced
In Sickness and In Power
The course of world history has been critically shaped by the physical and mental illnesses of heads of state, sometimes in the public eye but usually in secrecy. Long fascinated with the inter-relationship between politics and medicine, David Owen uses his deep knowledge of both to undertake a unique study of illness in Heads of Government during the last 100 years. Owen expertly scrutinises such diverse political personalities as Sir Anthony Eden at the time of Suez in 1956; John F. Kennedy an