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The Outer Planets
Scientists are plotting a trip to the outer planets.
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wisskomm wochenschau 8/08
German vodcast about science communications. Diese Woche: Die Wurzel, eine Mathezeitschrift für Schüler, der Wettbewerb "Mathe erleben", die Encyclopedia of Life (EOL), Matthew Nisbet zur Zukunft des Wissenschaftsjournalismus, der Science Tunnel ist in Berlin, "Aus" für das Videoportal stage6, "The War" von Ken Burns bei Arte (und in den USA bei PBS), Wissenschaft per Popmusik einst bei Nickelodeon und als Remix. Die Wisskomm Wochenschau ist eine Gemeinschaftsproduktion von Wisskomm e.v. und
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1st St Cross Special Ethics Seminar TT11: Professor Roger Trigg
Human Rights vs Religion? If human rights are seen as an important element in ethics, two opposed historical currents affect modern judgments. The first, stemming from seventeenth century England and eighteenth century America sees rights as having a religious base. The second, associated with the later European Enlightenment sees religion as a threat to social stability , to be contained by the appeal to rights. The opposing insights are the root of much moral controversy. Which is right?
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Rights not set

Make the Leap

March 30, 2011 - The Consulting Club at MIT (CCM) is proud to present its annual Make the Leap event. Make the Leap brings together a panel of ex-graduate students who have embarked on careers at top consulting firms, as well as prospective graduates who will be joining consulting firms this year. The event addresses the transition process from graduate school to life as a consultant. More specifically, the moderated panel will discuss why and how to make the transition, how an advanced degre
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1.3.4 Sense of timelessness

In Sabom’s study, everyone described their near-death experience as if it had occurred in a timeless dimension: people were unable to make any judgement about how long the experience lasted. ‘There was no measurement of time. I don’t know if it was a minute or five or ten hours’, commented one.

1.3.2 Recurrent themes

When the accounts of people who have described a near-death experience are looked at side by side it is possible to identify some common features. This isn’t to say that all of these features are present in every account, but that amidst variations there are certainly recurrent themes. The following list is compiled from a variety of studies, including the important study undertaken by Sabom (1982), himself initially sceptical.

Introduction

This unit is an adapted extract from the course Death and dying (K260)

This unit will explore how knowledge and beliefs about death and encounters with death affect people’s lives. It will also examine the concept of a ‘good death’ from an individual perspective in order to enhance the quality of dying.

Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons licence). See Terms and Conditions.

Figures

Figure 1 © JupiterImages/Banana Stock/Alamy;

Figure 2 © Gary Calton/Alamy;

Figure 3 © Spa Press/Rex Features.

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Next steps

After completing this unit you may wish to study another OpenLearn Study Unit or find out more about this topic. Here are some suggestions:

If you wish to study formally at The Open University, you may wish t
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1 Expectations and administrative pressures

The medical prognoses and diagnoses of dying raise expectations of what will actually happen to the dying person. For example, someone is diagnosed with terminal lung cancer, they will be given a forecast that covers the estimated length of time before death, any likely symptoms, the development of the illness, and possible treatment(s). Of course, these types of medical expectations are not unique to death and dying: they are found in all treatments of illness, and no doubt you will have had
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Introduction

This unit asks the reader to consider the experience of grief and bereavement and in particular the extent to which grieving people need professional help. The unit considers the evidence for the effects of grief and the extent to which current ways of responding are helpful.

This unit is an adapted extract from the Open University course Death and dying (K260)

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Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

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References

Anthierens, S., Habraken, H., Petrovic, M. and Christiaens, T. (2007) ‘The lesser evil? Initiating a benzodiazepine prescription in general practice’, Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, vol. 25, pp. 214–9.
Barbui, C., Toshiaki, A., Furukawa, T. and Cipriani, A. (2008) ‘Effectiveness of paroxetine in the treatment of acute major depression in adults: a systematic re-examination of pu
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Next steps

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2.2 Neuronal changes during grief

Recently medical researchers have been joined by neuroscientists determined to pin down precisely those parts of the brain that are activated by the experience of grief. Although this approach might be considered to be reductionist, it demonstrates the way in which some scientists are attempting to explain complex behaviour in neuroscientific terms.

Eight volunteers who had experienced the death of someone close in the previous year agreed to be studied as part of a research project con
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2.1 Introduction

A rapidly growing branch of medical science has begun to try to measure the physiological impact of grief. Incorporated into this study are the ways in which bodily functions change in response to emotional stimuli. This new area of scientific research has been called ‘psychoneuroimmunology’ and is the study of how different feelings and stresses lead to changes in hormone levels and other metabolic functions within the body. These can often be quantified through blood tests and othe
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1 Is grief a medical problem?

Grief is a fertile area for debate and controversy within health care professions, and its significance as something in need of medical attention has been debated by both health analysts and social commentators alike. Is it a ‘natural’ phenomenon that should be respected and acknowledged, but one that requires that the bereaved individual is left alone to experience it in their own way? Or should the bereaved person be assisted with intervention which relies on the presumption that g
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Introduction

This unit helps you to explore the extent to which death and dying in western societies are medical events and what aspects of death and dying might be neglected as a consequence. The unit covers the way that such things as medicine provide the context of the experiences associated with the end of life.

This unit is an adapted extract from the Open University course Death and dying
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Acknowledgements

Acknowlegements

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (Creative Commons licence). See Terms and conditions.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to use material in this unit:

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4 Using data to set targets
Target setting for pupil attainment is seen as being a means of raising standards in schools through placing pupil achievement at the core of school planning. This unit will help governors of secondary schools ensure that appropriate targets are set and provide guidance on assessing the data that needs to be evaluated to come to such decisions.
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