14. Demographic Transition in Developing Countries
Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150) By 1950, in most of the underdeveloped world, mortality had fallen to about half its pre-modern rate. The birth rate, however, had remained high and, by 1950, was about twice the death rate. For the rest of the century, both rates fell dramatically and in parallel, maintaining the gap. The enormous excess of births over deaths in this period is known as 'the population explosion.' By 1990, the world population was growing at almost 90 million a ye
19. Economic Motivations for Fertility
Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150) Data shows, consistently, that poor people have more children than rich people; economically speaking, children are an inferior good. Children are production goods because they do work, consumption goods because they are enjoyable, and investment goods because they support parents in old age. Jobs in the modern sector require education and health. To pay for this, parents have to focus their resources on fewer children. Complete course materials
13. Fertility Attitudes and Practices
Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150) Surveys show that most women are having more children than they would prefer to have. Further, studies show that the vast majority of women know about various forms of contraception. One World Bank study has shown that family planning programs have little impact unless they are attended by improved living standards and increasing status of women. Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/course
7. Demographic Transition in Europe; Mortality Decline
Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150) European population grew only slowly during the period 1200-1700; factors include disease and wars. Human feces and rotting animal remains were not sequestered and often contaminated drinking water. Cities were so filthy that more people died in them than were born. About a third of children died in infancy, many from abandonment and lack of care during wet-nursing. Children that survived were subjected to harsh discipline to control their tendenc
9. Demographic Transition in Europe
Global Problems of Population Growth (MCDB 150) Prior to the Demographic Transition, fertility in northwestern Europe was controlled by limiting marriage. Marriage was regulated by landowners and the churches, and was not allowed unless a man had accumulated the resources necessary to support a family. Long periods of being landless, a servant, or an apprentice, precluded marriage. Once married, there was no control of fertility. But, only about half of adults were married at any given time, so
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This video covers the theory of gravitational forces between two objects. This is a good summation of the formulas that are used to determine this number.
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The purpose of this course is to acquaint you with a variety of approaches to the past used by historians writing in the twentieth century. Most of the books on the list constitute, in my view (and others), modern classics, or potential classics, in social and economic history. We will examine how these historians conceive of their object of study, how they use primary sources as a basis for their accounts, how they structure the narrative and analytic discussion of their topic, and what are the
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1 - Juifs et chrétiens dans la Chapelle sixtine
Présentation en images du livre La torpeur des Ancêtres (Éditions de l'EHESS) par l'auteur Giovanni Careri, suivie d’un débat avec
Danièle Hervieu-Léger (EHESS), Isabelle Saint-Martin (EPHE), Emanuele Coccia (EHESS) et Céline Béraud (Université de Caen - Institut Universitaire de France).
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The purpose of this course is to acquaint you with a variety of approaches to the past used by historians writing in the twentieth century. Most of the books on the list constitute, in my view (and others), modern classics, or potential classics, in social, economic and cultural history. We will examine how historians conceive of their object of study, how they use primary sources as a basis for their accounts, how they structure the narrative and analytic discussion of their topic, and what are