From Slavery to Freedom, 1824-1909
This site presents nearly 400 pamphlets written by African-Americans and others about slavery, emancipation, African colonization, Reconstruction, and related topics. Materials range from personal accounts and to reports and legislative speeches. Authors include Frederick Douglass, Charles Sumner, Mary Church Terrell, Booker T. Washington, and others.
Early Virginia Religious Petitions
Early Virginia Religious Petitions presents images of 423 petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802 from more than eighty counties and cities. Drawn from the Library of Virginia's Legislative Petitions collection, the petitions concern such topics as the historic debate over the separation of church and state championed by James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, the rights of dissenters such as Quakers and Baptists, the sale and division of property in the established chu
The Experience of MADD’s Protecting You/Protecting Me: Using Evaluation to Enhance Program Develop
Protecting You/Protecting Me (PY/PM) is a classroom-based alcohol-use prevention program developed by Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) for students in grades 1–5. The goal of the intervention is to prevent injury and death of children and youth due to underage consumption of alcoholic beverages and vehicle crashes when riding with impaired drivers. Development of PY/PM began in the summer of 1998. In spring 2002, PY/PM was named a Model Program by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Serv
Brother, Can You Spare a Dime: The Effects of the New Deal and the Great Depression
The New Deal programs and agencies, created under the leadership of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, had a powerful impact on the relationship of government to the people of the United States. Yet a study of New Deal programs often leaves the student with a disconnected list of 'alphabet soup' programs and no real grasp of the impact of the New Deal. This lesson takes a student through a process of examining primary sources, both photographs and life histories, to develop a sense of the profound impa
Drafting the Constitution
This lesson, a supplement to a study of the Constitutional Convention, focuses on The Committee of Detail's draft of the Constitution submitted on 6 August 1787. The delegates debated its contents for a month before referring the document to the Committee of Style. The Committee's report, presented to the Convention on 12 September, became the Constitution of the United States.
American Environmental Photographs, 1891-1936
This collection consists of approximately 4,500 photographs documenting natural environments, ecologies, and plant communities in the United States at the end of the nineteenth and the beginning of the twentieth century. Produced between 1891 and 1936 by a group of American botanists generally regarded as one of the most influential in the development of modern ecological studies, these photographs provide an overview of important representative natural landscapes across the nation. They demonst
All about life
A primary curriculum based around life and environmental science draws on children's natural curiosity to teach reading, math, and more. For students to be successful in the science curriculum, they must study science through "hands-on" experiences. I use their past experiences as well as present experiences that I help to create to teach the curriculum. Many children today have never climbed a tree, walked in the woods, or waded in a stream, and I think that is sad. When they have the opportun
A Study Sheet for Primary School, Year 2
This is a study sheet for cross-subject testing of items typical for the second year of primary school. It includes levels on 'Spelling Words', 'Spelling Test Sentences', 'Math Facts' and 'Vocabulary'.
When Evil Intrudes (Twenty Years After: The Legacy of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study)
Twenty years ago Peter Buxtun, a public health official working for the United States Public Health Service, complained to a reporter for the Associated Press that he was deeply concerned about the morality of an ongoing study being sponsored by the Public Health Service--a study compiling information about the course and effects of syphilis in human beings based upon medical examinations of poor black men in Macon County, Alabama. The men, or more accurately, those still living, had been coming
Individual Health Status and Racial Minority Concentration
in US States and Counties
Objectives. We examined whether the positive association between mortality rates and racial minority concentration documented in ecological studies would be found for health status after control for race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and region of residence. Methods. We estimated least squares and probit models using aggregate and individual health status data from the 1995, 1997, and 1999 versions of the Current Population Survey merged with data from the US Bureau of the Census regarding s
Tardigrade Species Distribution Project: Lesson Plan
This online lesson plan was designed for students taking part in the active research project to document the distribution of a new species of tardigrade, a microscopic invertebrate animal. The project is part of a nationwide online collaborative research project. The lesson plan offers instructional procedures for teachers and lists materials and procedures for collecting, observing, and culturing tardigrades. The lesson involves collecting samples in the field, examining and classifying tartigr
Nanobacteria: Are They or Aren't They Alive?
This California State University lesson plan contains materials for a five-part activity regarding whether or not nanobacteria are alive. The case-study based activities include: What does it mean to be alive?; What evidence is there that nanobacteria are alive?; More evidence of life; Corroborating evidence (?); and The final chapter (or is it?). The website contains pertinent general information articles and resource lists for students as well as homework assignments based on readings. An answ
This College level Unit in Microbiology explores microbes on five levels, their architecture, ecology, physiology, lifecycles and pathology. Students will be given an interactive tour of the world of microbes and learn more about their impact on Humans, animals, plants and on the environment in general. They will become aware of pathogenic (harmful) and non-pathogenic (helpful) microbes and develop an understanding of how microbiologists devise methods to study microbes in order to understand th
Invertebrate Anatomy OnLine
This online laboratory manual features original anatomical descriptions of 112 species for use in invertebrate zoology teaching or research laboratories in North America. The collection was prepared over a period of many years to facilitate and encourage the study of invertebrate animals. It is a smorgasbord of species intended to provide a selection suitable for courses taught in most parts of North America. Many species, or their close relatives, also occur in other parts of the world, especia
Extreme 2002: Mission to the Abyss
This is the expedition page of the 2002 Mission to the Abyss. Developed by the University of Delaware Graduate College of Marine Studies, the site highlights the mission and crew, seafloor geology, creature features, and high-tech tools used in the study. This interactive website allows students to explore the submersible Alvin, find out how hydrothermal vents form, define the deep ocean, study plate tectonics, and meet hydrothermal vent organisms. The site includes extreme experiments, includin
Creatures that "glow" in the night
This Wisconsin Center for Environmental Education activity (PDF) encourages students to practice experimental design and scientific writing through the study of bioluminescence. Students observe and experiment with bioluminescent dinoflagellates (Pyrocystis fusiformis), learning how and why they produce light. The activity includes information for teacher preparation, an introduction to bioluminescence, defined vocabulary terms, a list of necessary materials, procedure, assessment questions, and
Bioinformatics Homework Assignment: Accessing and Analyzing Nucleic Acid Sequence Data from NCBI's D
This undergraduate activity introduces students to bioinformatics. During the guided activity students will access the National Center for Biotechnology Information's (NCBI) genetic sequence database to obtain and study DNA sequence entries relating to the chicken ovalbumin mRNA and genomic sequences.
Water Transparency Protocol
The purpose of this resource is to determine the transparency of water. Students measure water transparency at their undisturbed study site using a transparency tube or Secchi disk.
WeatherHawk Weather Station Protocol
This resource provides instructions on how to log atmosphere data using a WeatherHawk weather station. A weather station is setup to measure and record atmospheric measurements at 15-minute intervals and can be transferred to the GLOBE program via email. Students can view data for their school that are continuous and show variations within a day. The data collected includes wind speed and direction and pressure thereby supporting a more complete study of meteorology using GLOBE. Students pursue
Land Cover Change Detection Protocol
The purpose of the resource is to investigate changes in the major land cover types of Study Sites by examining Landsat satellite images acquired years apart.