"A Decent Home . . . for Every American Family": Postwar Housing Shortage Victims Testify before Con
New home construction declined dramatically during the Great Depression as rents rose, reaching an all-time high in 1940. A persistent housing shortage continuing into the early 1950s forced families to separate and apartment dwellers to "double-up." The housing reform movement, largely ineffectual in the 1920s and 1930s, gathered strength in the postwar period. Labor and veteran groups pressured Congress and the White House to enact a comprehensive housing policy with money for public housing a
A Christ-like Character: A Catholic Priest Champions Henry George
In the late 19th century, Irish-Catholic immigrants and their children were a bulwark of the New York Democratic Party and especially the machine politicians of Tammany Hall. In the mayoral election of 1886, Tammany fought hard to retain the support of these Irish-Catholic voters in the race between Democrat Abram Hewitt and United Labor Party candidate Henry George. While Catholic Church leaders opposed George and actively worked to prevent his election, Father Edward McGlynn enthusiastically b
Literature Review in Languages, Technologies and Learning
There is no one best way to learn a foreign language, nor a single optimal set of teaching materials. This is because the learners will vary both in how they learn and what they want and need to learn. Good teaching materials may, therefore, be produced according to a number of different approaches to language description, different interpretations of the theory of language learning, and according to different approaches to the process of teaching.,A NESTA FutureLab Series - report 1
Not So Neutral Views
Students are introduced to acids and bases, and the environmental problem of acid rain. They explore ways to use indicators to distinguish between acids and bases. Students also conduct a simple experiment to model and discuss the harmful effects of acid rain on our living and non-living environment, as well as how engineers address acid rain. In an associated literacy activity, students learn how persuasive techniques are used to develop an argument, and create an environmental case study.
The Microevolution of Mathematical Knowledge: The Case of Randomness
In this article, we explore the growth of mathematical knowledge and in particular, seek to clarify the relation between abstraction and context. Our method is to gain a deeper appreciation of the process by which mathematical abstraction is achieved and the nature of abstraction itself, by connecting our analysis at the level of observation with a corresponding theoretical analysis at an appropriate grain size. In this article, we build on previous work to take a further step toward constructin
Adapting to When Students Game an Intelligent Tutoring System
It has been found in recent years that many students who use intelligent tutoring systems game the system, attempting to succeed in the educational environment by exploiting properties of the system rather than by learning the material and trying to use that knowledge to answer correctly. In this paper, we introduce a system which gives a gaming student supplementary exercises focused on exactly the material the student bypassed by gaming, and which also expresses negative emotion to gaming stud
Analyse et prise en compte des contraintes didactiques et informatiques dans la conception et le dé
This paper shows the didactical and computational constraints in the design of software for mathematical proof in geometry: Cabri-Euclide. The earliest constraint is to produce software for mathematical proof without has the previous solutions concerning the problem. Cabri-Euclide is a microworld, Thus, the essential is that the system have to verify a local coherence, and not to designate a global automatic deduction.
Improving the effectiveness of pupil group work: report on first results from the TLRP phase 2 SPRin
The main impetus for the SPRinG (Social Pedagogic Research into Grouping) project was to address the wide gap between the potential of group work to influence learning, motivation and attitudes to learning, and relationships in the classroom, on the one hand, and the limited use of group work in schools, on the other hand. Pupils rarely receive training in group working, and teachers are often unsure of its benefits and place in the curriculum. The SPRinG project was therefore set up to develop,
Combining life history and life-course approaches in researching lifelong learning: some methodologi
Learning Lives is a large-scale longitudinal study into the learning biographies of adult learners, aged 25 and over. The aim of the project is to deepen understanding of the complexities of learning in the life-course whilst identifying, implementing and evaluating strategies for sustained positive impact upon learning opportunities, dispositions and practices and upon the empowerment of adult learners. From a methodological point of view, one of the more challenging dimensions of Learning Live
Evaluating an evidence-based approach to designing and implementing a teaching sequence about plant
Although there is now a significant database of research evidence about students’ learning of biological concepts, there is general scepticism as to whether this research has had any impact on the practice of teachers. A likely reason for the low impact of research is that little is known about what is involved for teachers in drawing upon research findings about learning to improve practice. In this paper we present findings from a study that is investigating the process of transforming resea
The Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) Project: Technical Paper 8a - Measuring the I
This Technical Paper describes the results of analyses of young children's cognitive progress during their time in pre-school. Equivalent results on social behavioural development are reported in EPPE Technical Paper 8b. Five measures of cognitive attainment assessed at entry to primary school have been studied: pre-reading, language attainment, two measures of non-verbal attainment and early number concepts. A range of statistical methods (multilevel modelling) have been used to analyse data fo
Environmental Frontlines Issue Summary: mining on public lands
This case study provided by the Environmental Frontline organization is a summary of the 1872 general mining law reform. It includes background information, facts and figures, 'quotable quotables', and recent actions, as well as links to websites of key players, information sources, and relevant reports. Environmental Frontlines organization monitors current environmental issues and the groups involved with such issues. The Mining on Public Lands case study is part of that monitoring program.
Crossroads in Mathematics: Standards for introductory college mathematics before calculus.
Crossroads in Mathematics: Standards for Introductory College Mathematics Before Calculus has two major goals: to improve mathematics education at two-year colleges and at the lower division of four-year colleges and universities and to encourage more students to study mathematics. The document presents standards that are intended to revitalize the mathematics curriculum preceding calculus and to stimulate changes in instructional methods so that students will be engaged as active learners in wo
Conservation Ecology: Lessons from the physics education reform effort
Starting in 1992, introductory physics students at Indiana University were pre- and post-tested on their knowledge of general physics. Some students received standard classes of lectures and tests, while others were taught using interactive engagement (IE) techniques. The goal of the study was this: can IE methods increase the effectiveness of introductory mechanics courses? Though the study focused on physics and mechanics specifically, the techniques used can be applied in teaching other scien
Calibrated Peer Review: Petroleum Geology of the Persian Gulf Region
In this assignment, students explore the origin and distribution of oil and gas in a region of global significance. Also included are the geologic history and the socio-political and environmental issues associated with hydrocarbon exploration and production. Students then walk through an online case study and write an essay addressing important points that they have learned. The Calibrated Peer Review interface is then used to give feedback on the essays. On this Starting Point page, users can
Christopher Lydon analyzes voting patterns in "Black Boston
Christopher Lydon reports on a renewal of political activity in black Boston, and notes that there is a high percentage of newly registered voters in the African American neighborhoods. The report includes interviews with Charles Stith (Union United Methodist Church) and Kay Gibbs (South End political activist). Stith and Gibbs talk about the candidacy of Mel King (candidate for mayor of Boston) as well as opposition to King's candidacy, led by Mel Miller (publisher, The Bay State Banner).
Charlestown High environs
Footage of Charlestown. Shots of Charlestown High School and Monument Square, Bartletts Street, Bunker Hill Street and St. Francis de Sales Church. Children ride bicycles in Monument Square. People are gathered in the park beside St. Francis de Sales Church. Shot from the park of the port. Racist, white supremacist and anti-busing graffiti is visible on buildings on Medford and Main Streets. Shots of Medford and Main Streets.
Black Youth and Education
African American youth and education in Boston. Program consists of numerous community affairs segments, the most prominent of which is a panel discussion directed by Sarah-Ann Shaw on African American youth and education in Boston. Guests include Jean McGuire (Roxbury resident and only Black Pupil Adjustment Counselor for the Boston public school system), Gerald Hill (an African American teacher and nominee for Interim Project Director of the King-Timilty Coalition), Francine Mills (director of
Fritz Wetherbee reports that Annie Johnson (Boston resident) will receive the Living Legacy Award in Washington DC. Wetherbee reports that Johnson grew up in Boston and organized domestic workers through the Women's Service Clubs of Boston in the 1960s. Wetherbee notes that Johnson led the workers on a campaign for benefits. Wetherbee interviews Johnson in her home. Johnson talks about the importance of helping others. Johnson discusses her relative, Eleanor Graves Chandler, who was an early com
African Meeting House is ready to open
Carmen Fields reports on the restoration of the African Meeting House on Beacon Hill. Fields reports that the Meeting House is the oldest African American church in the nation and that it was gutted by fire in 1973. Fields interviews Philip Hart (Board of Directors, African Meeting House) and Ruth Batson (Director, African Meeting House) for the report. Hart talks about the significance of the Meeting House. Batson talks about plans for music, scholarly debate, and religious services at the Meet