Parental Literacy and Infant Health: An Evidence-Based Healthy Start Intervention
Syracuse Healthy Start, a federally funded infant mortality prevention project in Onondaga County, New York, has undertaken a range of interventions to address parental low literacy as a risk factor for infant mortality. A growing number of studies advocate for health-related information that is easy to read, of a low literacy level, and culturally appropriate. Creation of an evidence-based public health intervention involves analyzing local data, reviewing published studies, assessing available
‘‘It’s The Skin You’re In’’: African-American Women Talk About Their Experiences of Raci
Objectives: Stress due to experiences of racism could contribute to African-American women’s adverse birth outcomes, but systematic efforts to measure relevant experiences among childbearing women have been limited. We explored the racism experiences of childbearing African-American women to inform subsequent development of improved measures for birth outcomes research. Methods: Six focus groups were conducted with a total of 40 socioeconomically diverse African-American women of childbearing
Chemistry 1 Virtual Textbook
This textbook is a reference text for General Chemistry, including the major concepts and ideas of chemical science, and a look at some of the major currents of modern Chemistry
Ensuring Community-Level Research Protections
Community-Campus Partnerships for Health (CCPH) and the Tuskegee University National Center for Bioethics in Research and Health Care (the Bioethics Center) sponsored an Educational Conference Call Series on Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and Ethical Issues in Research that took place between February 2007 and June 2007, which advanced their shared goal of meaningfully involving communities in decisions made about every aspect of research. The call series was intended to increase understandi
Culturally appropriate health education for type 2 diabetes mellitus in ethnic minority groups
Background Ethnic minority groups in upper-middle and high income countries tend to be socio-economically disadvantaged and to have higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes than the majority population. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of culturally appropriate diabetes health education on important outcome measures in type 2 diabetes. Search strategy We searched the The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ERIC, SIGLE and reference lists of articles. We also contacted auth
Biology of Cnidarians
Biology of cnidarians. How to find and study them on your own. See them swim and catch their food with their tentacles!
Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well
Most classroom teachers work hard planning lessons, choosing materials, teaching classes, working with individual students, and assessing student progress. Yet some schools and teachers seem to be more successful than others. What makes the difference? This booklet is designed for middle and high school teachers and administrators who wish to improve their English programs. Guidelines for Teaching Middle and High School Students to Read and Write Well draw upon a series of research reports and c
The Role of Community Advisory Boards: Involving Communities in the Informed Consent Process
Ethical research involving human subjects mandates that individual informed consent be obtained from research participants or from surrogates when participants are not able to consent for themselves.The existing requirements for informed consent assume that all study participants have personal autonomy; fully comprehend the purpose, risks, and benefits of the research; and volunteer for projects that disclose all relevant information. Yet contemporary examples of lapses in the individual informe
An Approach to Studying Social Disparities in Health and Health Care
Objective. We explored methods and potential applications of a systematic approach to studying and monitoring social disparities in health and health care. Methods. Using delayed or no prenatal care as an example indicator, we (1) categorized women into groups with different levels of underlying social advantage; (2) described and graphically displayed rates of the indicator and relativegroup size for each social group; (3) identified and measured disparities, calculating relative risks and rat
Poverty and Elimination of Urban Health Disparities Challenge and Opportunity
The aim of this article is to examine the intersection of race and poverty, two critical factors fueling persistent racial and ethnic health disparities among urban populations. From the morass of social determinants that shape the health of racial and ethnic communities in our urban centers, we will offer promising practices and potential solutions to eliminating racial and ethnic health disparities.
Barbershops become urban community health centers
African-American communities in the shadows of the University of Pittsburgh's buildings are getting sick and dying sooner than their white counterparts, of preventable diseases -- and Dr. Stephen Thomas wants to change it. An outreach initiative involving local barbershops and beauty salons is a step in that direction.
Little Jerusalem, Ave Maria Grotto, Cullman, Alabama
This image is part of a series of colorized photographs of the Ave Maria Grotto in Cullman, Alabama. Postcard text: (front) "Little Jerusalem," Brother Joseph's first attempt in concrete work, moved to its present location from the Brothers' recreation grounds. From folder: Brother Joseph Zoettl, O.S.B., a Benedictine monk at Saint Bernard Abbey, began experiments with concrete miniatures early in the 20th century. Abbot Bernard Menges, recognizing the popularity of Bro. Joseph's work, ordered c
Wayside Shrine in South Park, Ave Maria Grotto, Cullman, Alabama
This image is part of a series of colorized photographs of the Ave Maria Grotto in Cullman, Alabama. Postcard text: (front) "Wayside Shrine" in the South Park. From folder: Brother Joseph Zoettl, O.S.B., a Benedictine monk at Saint Bernard Abbey, began experiments with concrete miniatures early in the 20th century. Abbot Bernard Menges, recognizing the popularity of Bro. Joseph's work, ordered construction of a park on the hillside in front of Saint Bernard College next to the abbey to display t
Bellingrath Gardens, Mobile, Alabama 2
This image is a color photograph of Bellingrath Gardens in Mobile, Ala., showing one of the many paths lined with camellias, azaleas and other colorful flowers.
Disparity By Geography The War on Drugs in America’s Cities
The “war on drugs,” beginning in the 1980s, represented a profound shift in the way in which the United States practiced law enforcement, and ushered in a new era in American policing. Overall, between 1980 and 2003, the number of drug offenders in prison or jail increased by 1100% from 41,100 in 1980 to 493,800 in 2003,2 with a remarkable rise in arrests concentrated in African American communities. This precipitous escalation began as the result of a tangible shift in law enforcement pract
The Reversal of Fortunes: Trends in County Mortality and Cross-County Mortality Disparities in the U
Background Counties are the smallest unit for which mortality data are routinely available, allowing consistent and comparable long-term analysis of trends in health disparities. Average life expectancy has steadily increased in the United States but there is limited information on longterm mortality trends in the US counties This study aimed to investigate trends in county mortality and cross-county mortality disparities, including the contributions of specific diseases to county level mortalit
Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness
Communities have the potential to function effectively and adapt successfully in the aftermath of disasters. Drawing upon literatures in several disciplines, we present a theory of resilience that encompasses contemporary understandings of stress, adaptation, wellness, and resource dynamics. Community resilience is a process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity. Community adaptation is manifest in population w
This webinar was presented on Tuesday, November 2, 2010 by Dr. Alice Gardner. Dr. Gardner discusses select pharmacogenomic effects in patients with asthma.
Barcoding Life to Conserve Biological Diversity: Beyond the Taxonomic Imperative
Barcoding Life to Conserve Biological Diversity: Beyond the Taxonomic Imperative
Economic analysis of electric energy storage
This thesis presents a cost analysis of grid-connected electric energy storage. Various battery energy storage technologies are considered in the analysis. Life-cycle cost analysis is used. The results are presented in term of incremental cost of electricity stored and discharged, in US$/kWh,Thesis (M.S.)--Wichita State University, Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering.,"May 2006.",Includes bibliographic references (leaves 47-49)