Britain was the first country to industrialise, and it acquired the largest empire ever during this same period. But its sphere of economic influence extended far beyond the boundaries of the formal British Empire. This unit focuses on the economics of empire, using a case study of one town, Dundee in eastern Scotland, to explore this huge topic.
Investigating animals: hunters and the hunted The Biology of the Language Faculty: Its Perfection, Past and Future 20.106J Systems Microbiology (MIT) Final report: Accommodating students of Drexel University Muscle joints Evolution of Computer Aided Design: Three Generations of CAD Algorithm For The Automatic Design Of A Shading Device The interpresence project ? design in progress Restituci?n perspectiva mediante el uso de herramientas digitales para la confecci?n deuna base de d Urban Sprawl Modelling: Combining Models to Make Decision Human-Artificial Ecosystems: Searching for a Language Hybrid Art > Synthesized Architecture Exploraci?n de relaciones entre analog?as y bocetos durante la generaci?n de ideas en dise?o industr Computadoras y Arquitectura en la Era Digital (Computers and Architecture in the Digital Era) CAD in Architectural Practice Places of Mind: Implications of Narrative Space for the Architecture of Information Environments Centro de Refer?ncia e Informa??o em Habita??o - Infohab (Reference Center and Information on Housi Digital Photogrammetric Restitution of the Pelourinho?s Fa?ades, in Salvador - Bahia, Brazil [Restit ICAtect-II: a framework for the integration of building design tools
Hunting animals (predators) are adapted for finding and catching food in many ways. Animals that are hunted (prey) are also adapted to avoid being found
Noam Chomsky, around whose work much of the Syntax series revolves, gives listeners a glimpse into the evolution of his own thinking, with an emphasis on areas of linguistics where computational considerations play a major role.
Chomsky briefly outlines the key components of a biologically based linguistics that be
This course covers introductory microbiology from a systems perspective, considering microbial diversity, population dynamics, and genomics. Emphasis is placed on the delicate balance between microbes and humans, and the changes that result in the emergence of infectious diseases and antimicrobial resistance. The case study approach covers such topics as vaccines, toxins, biodefense, and infections including Legionnaire’s disease, tuberculosis, Helicobacter pylori, and plague.
A significant problem for Drexel University is insufficient quality student housing and the inadequate capacity and inconvenient location of the Handshumacher Dining Center. WLHK2 has proposed a new dormitory and food court on the existing volleyball courts at the southwest corner of 33rd and Arch Streets. The site encompasses approximately 26,000 square feet, with a grade difference of 10 feet from the high elevation at the north to the low elevation at the south. The grade difference is utiliz
This topic begins with a good introduction to the different types of joints (fibrous, cartilaginous and synovial) and each is described in more detail. A table gives a comparison between joint types and modern everyday items for the students to relate to (e.g. a hinge and the elbow joint). The next part of this topic describes the muscular system and gives a brief introduction to the axial and appendicular muscular system. The three types of muscle tissue are also described.
This paper describes the three generations of CAD systems. The first generation of (primarily analytical) computer programmes really aided designing. These programmes were the tools for finding a functional solution in different areas of designing, from flat plans to the space organisation of a hospital. One of the shortcomings of these programmes was the lack of graphic interface. With time, however, this kind of interface was developed. As a result of this second generation of CAD systems the
Given that there is a need to shade a window from the summer sun and also a need to expose it to the winter sun, this article describes an algorithm to design automatically a geometric construct that satisfies both requirements. The construct obtained represents the minimum solution to the simultaneous requirements. The window may be described by an arbitrary convex polygon and it may be oriented in any direction and it may be placed at any chosen latitude. The algorithm consists of two sequenti
The Interpresence Project exercises the language of communication design and mediatecture to propose planetary coalescence through complex and innovative informational flows through cyberspace allowing for human teleactive encounters.
The work is developed applying the perspective restitution method, based on the photographic survey of buildings. It researches the accuracy selection of the instruments, that should be effective, easy to manage, low cost and it allow fast results so as to let us compile a digital graphic data bases of the chosen works. The aim of the project is to elaborate graphic documents not only from the paradigmatic works but also from domestic architecture, so important in the consolidation of city. The
Urban sprawl is frequently associated with the idea of an unsuitable development, leading to increasing economic, social and environmental problems. Moreover, its control is difficult because multiple patterns (concerning numerous traditional urban planning fields) overlap. In order to understand the sprawl process and to manage its consequences, it must be simplified. The construction of a decision making tool appears then interesting. The GIS-based tool presented here is being developed incoll
The most recent advances of artificial life scientific research are opening up a new frontier: the creation of simulated life environments populated by autonomous agents. In these environments artificial beings can interact, reproduce and evolve [4, 6, 15], and can be seen as laboratories toexplore the emergence of social behaviors like competition, cooperation, relationships and communication [3, 5, 7] . It is still not possible to approach a reasonable simulation of the incredible complexity o
This paper investigates possible intersections between some contemporary artistic modalities and architectural practice. At first, it describes and discusses different uses of art in architectural history. Through the analyzes of Le Corbusier?s artistic and architectural practices, it observes the limits of looking at art as only ?inspiration? for architectural form and points to the necessity of surpassing this formal approach. More than bringing pictorial ?inspiration?, art, as a experimental
An exploration on the analogy-based idea generation process in industrial design is reported. In particular we try to identify relationships between the sketching process and the analogy building in order to elicit requirements for a supporting software. We use concurrent think aloud protocols to obtain experimental data and an extension of a proved content oriented schema to analyze them. Statistical analysis on segments containing .analogical chains. found relations between analogical and desi
It seems that when architects think, and talk about computers, they only reflect on very narrow images of the phenomenon. Architects think that the impact of computers in their profession is only related to how PCs, CAD/CAM, networks, software, peripherals, can improve the way they work today. Architects, by enlarge, are unable to reflect beyond the screen of their computers and the wall of their offices when it comes to recognize the real consequences resulting from the new technological advanc
A leading architecture/engineering firm has made use of in- house computer system since 1963. This paper discusses some special topics in using computers for the design of HVAC systems, and the process of implementing CAD in the HVAC engineering practice
Virtual reality and cyberspace are extended spaces of the mind different from, yet related to, the spaces of fiction and ancient myth. These earlier spaces reveal how electronic media, too, may come to define our selves and our culture. Indeed, a better understanding of how we use space to think can lead to the design of better information environments. This paper will describe a range of traditional narrative spaces, revealing their varied relationships with the physical world. It will demonstr
The Center of Reference and Information in Habitation - INFOHAB - is a project led for the ANTAC, that intends to facilitate the access to the technique information relative to all the aspects and subjects that are contained in the construction environment concept, through the captation, selection, organization and spreading this information, offering it in the Internet through a database permanently brought up to date with the reference and, always when authorized, with the complete works. The
Brazil has so many historical cities with important architectural heritage. Some of them are remains of the colonial times and aggregate beautiful buildings such as, palaces, public buildings and churches in baroque style, legacy of the Portuguese colonization. Despite of its cultural value, most of these building sets are under several kinds of threats. This paper discusses about the experience on digital photogrammetric restitution of the building fa?ades of Pelourinho, a neighborhood in the
The development of a system capable of integrating a range of building design tools poses many challenges. Our framework for integrating design tools provides a structured approach, allowing individual parts to be developed independently. In this paper, we describe the overall framework and suggest a method for modeling and implementing each portion of the framework. Furthermore, we illustrate how such a system can integrate several design tools and be realized as a functional design system.
The Biology of the Language Faculty: Its Perfection, Past and Future
20.106J Systems Microbiology (MIT)
Final report: Accommodating students of Drexel University
Evolution of Computer Aided Design: Three Generations of CAD
Algorithm For The Automatic Design Of A Shading Device
The interpresence project ? design in progress
Restituci?n perspectiva mediante el uso de herramientas digitales para la confecci?n deuna base de d
Urban Sprawl Modelling: Combining Models to Make Decision
Human-Artificial Ecosystems: Searching for a Language
Hybrid Art > Synthesized Architecture
Exploraci?n de relaciones entre analog?as y bocetos durante la generaci?n de ideas en dise?o industr
Computadoras y Arquitectura en la Era Digital (Computers and Architecture in the Digital Era)
CAD in Architectural Practice
Places of Mind: Implications of Narrative Space for the Architecture of Information Environments
Centro de Refer?ncia e Informa??o em Habita??o - Infohab (Reference Center and Information on Housi
Digital Photogrammetric Restitution of the Pelourinho?s Fa?ades, in Salvador - Bahia, Brazil [Restit
ICAtect-II: a framework for the integration of building design tools