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Logiciels de construction de cartes de connaissances: Des outils pour apprendre
This article examines the possible uses of concept mapping software in a university or continuing education context. Concept mapping applications allow the student to graphically represent compiled information as a network of nodes and vectors. The article looks at several applications that may be used to make different kinds of maps, but mainly reviews teaching strategies that incorporate these tools as well as providing a number of planning pointers. It also summarizes the main advantages and
Author(s): Pudelko Béatrice,Basque Josianne

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Apport de l’ingénierie ontologique aux environnements de formation à distance
Cet article explore le potentiel de l’ontologie et de l’ingénierie ontologique pour augmenter l’intelligence dans les environnements de formation à distance, ainsi que dans la conception de ces environnements. Il contient une introduction à l’ontologie avec ses origines dans la philosophie occidentale, une discussion des relations entre l’intelligence artificielle et l’ingénierie ontologique, suivie d’une description des méthodologies et des outils d’ingénierie ontologique. Plusieu
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mendes Olavo,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Ontology Development at the Conceptual Level for Theory-Aware ITS Authoring Systems
This paper presents ontology engineering at the conceptual level, based on case analysis where an author (a human or software agent), assisted by an ITS authoring system, needs to select an instructional strategy (method) in order to develop a learning scenario or environment. A detailed description of the development process at the conceptual level is provided, followed by the presentation of its results. Outstanding issues raised therein will be shared for further reflection.
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacque

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Participating Virtually to a Scientific Conference: A Collaborative E-Learning Scenario for Authenti
This paper presents a collaborative e-learning scenario inspired by socio-constructivist and situated learning theories which encourage authentic learning. Developed for a graduate distance education course, this scenario requires students to participate virtually in an asynchronous scientific conference. This paper presents the learning scenario, the technological environment developed to implement this scenario, as well as the results of a preliminary investigation which examines students’ p
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Dao Kim,Contamines Julien

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Standard-compliant Scenario Building with Theoretical Justification in a Theory-aware Authoring Tool
Nowadays standard technologies play important roles in enhancing sharability, reusability and interoperability of learning contents. However, there is a lack of pedagogical justification of the contents implemented with the standards. This paper discusses the standard-compliance of our ontology-based modeling framework and how the framework gives theoretical justification to standard-compliant learning/instructional scenarios in a theory-aware authoring tool.,Poster in 13th International Confere
Author(s): Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riich

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Herzberg : une simulation multimédia à interactivité variable
Herzberg est un environnement de simulation multimédia permettant de visualiser et d’explorer la vibration et la rotation des molécules. Il permet de créer des documents formés d’un ensemble de pages affichant une ou deux molécules dans des configurations prédéfinies; un texte et une voix d’explication peuvent être associés à chaque page. Il est possible de fixer pour chaque document le niveau d’interactivité. On peut également, sans effectuer de programmation, ajouter de nouvell
Author(s): Couture Marc

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Credibility of a simulation-based virtual laboratory: An exploratory study of learner judgments of v
Several studies have examined realism and instructional effectiveness of physical simulations. However, very few have touched on the question of their credibility or verisimilitude, from the user’s point of view. This article presents an empirical exploratory study which investigated the perceptions of potential users of a simulation-based virtual physics laboratory (the VPLab). In the VPLab, students conduct virtual physics experiments designed to promote both acquisition of general experiment
Author(s): Francis Alexandre,Couture Marc

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Inside Theory-Aware and Standards-Compliant Authoring System
In their paper [14], Bourdeau and Mizoguchi foresaw a framework for ontology-based intelligent systems. Although it took longer years than their expectation, the ontology they have been developing is now released for evaluation with the help of the second author. Ontology building is a labor-intensive process and it is rarely perfect. Our enterprise is not an exception. The current ontology is still very preliminary because it has been completely reconstructed from the existing one with a few ne
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Hayashi Yusuke,Bourdeau Jacquel

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Analyse des changements induits par la technologie dans des travaux pratiques de sciences expérimen
Un laboratoire distant est présenté : Educ@ffix.net, dans lequel les apprenants doivent construire un protocole d’expérience grâce à un environnement informatique dédié, puis réaliser cette expérience par l’intermédiaire d’un robot distant. Le protocole doit d’abord être validé par un tuteur artificiel, puis la manipulation est exécutée par le robot et visualisée grâce à une caméra via le web. Dans ces conditions, l’expérience de chimie est modifiée par rapport à une si
Author(s): Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric

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Natural Editing of Algebraic Expressions
We call “natural editing of algebraic expressions” the editing of algebraic expressions in their natural representation, the one that is used on paper and blackboard. This is an issue we have investigated in the Aplusix project, a project which develops a system aiming at helping students to learn algebra. The paper summarises first this project. Second it defines the notion of algebraic expression, and of representation of algebraic expression. After an exploration of 20 software systems whic
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis

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Fostering collaborative knowledge construction with visualization tools
This study investigates to what extent collaborative knowledge construction can be fostered by providing students with visualization tools as structural support. Thirty-two students of Educational Psychology took part in the study. The students were subdivided into dyads and asked to solve a case problem of their learning domain under one of two conditions: 1) with content-specific visualization 2) with content-unspecific visualization. Results show that by being provided with a content-specific
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Bruhn Johannes,Gräsel Cornelia,Mand

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Knowledge Convergence in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning: The Role of External Representat
This study investigates how two types of graphical representation tools influence the way in which learners use knowledge resources in two different collaboration conditions. In addition, the study explores the extent to which learners share knowledge with respect to individual outcomes under these different conditions. The study also analyzes the relationship between the use of knowledge resources and different types of knowledge. The type of external representation (content-specific vs. conten
Author(s): Fischer Frank,Mandl Heinz

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Epistemic and Social Scripts in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
Collaborative learning in computer-supported learning environments typically means that learners work on tasks together, discussing their individual perspectives via text-based media or videoconferencing, and consequently acquire knowledge. Collaborative learning, however, is often sub-optimal with respect to how learners work on the concepts that are supposed to be learned and how learners interact with each other. One possibility to improve collaborative learning environments is to conceptuali
Author(s): Weinberger Armin,Ertl Bernhard,Fischer Frank,Mandl

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Internal and external collaboration scripts in web-based science learning at schools
Collaboration scripts can help learners to engage in argumentation and knowledge acquisition. However, they might have differential effects for learners holding differently structured knowledge (internal scripts) on argumentation. We investigated how external scripts interact with learners’ internal scripts concerning collaborative argumentation. 98 students from two secondary schools participated. Two versions of an external collaboration script (high vs. low structured) supporting argumentati
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank,Slotta James

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Introduction de nouvelles représentations dans le micromonde Aplusix Représentations sous forme mi
Dans le cadre du projet Européen ReMath, nous avons entrepris d’introduire deux nouvelles représentations des expressions algébriques dans le micromonde Aplusix : une représentation mixte Naturelle & Arbre mêlant la représentation naturelle en deux dimensions des expressions algébriques avec une représentation en arbre, et une représentation graphique dans le plan des fonctions et sur la droite des ensembles de solutions des équations. Notre travail emprunte une démarche traditionnel
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Hamid,Viudez Christophe,

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The Diver Project: Interactive Digital Video Repurposing
The digital interactive video exploration and reflection (Diver) system lets users create virtual pathways through existing video content using a virtual camera and an annotation window for commentary. Users can post their Dives to the WebDiver server system to generate active collaboration, further repurposing, and discussion. Although our current work focuses on video records in learning research and educational practices, Diver can aid collaborative analysis of a broad array of visual data re
Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Mills Michael,Rosen Joseph,Dauber Kenne

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CoVis: A National Science Education Collaboratory
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Author(s): Ramamurthy Mohan K.,Wilhelmson Robert B.,Pea Roy D

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Hypermedia as a means for learning and for thinking about learning
This paper is about the design and realization of an experimentation with a hypermedial system, IPER-3, facing the three ‘classical’ problems in the history of mathematics (trisection of the angle, quadrature of the circle, duplication of the cube) and some issues which have developed around them. The aim of the work is to study the opportunities provided by hypermedial systems in dealing with topics of interest for the training of teachers and/or for class work, exploiting the possibility o
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Cutugno Paola,Furinghetti Fulvi

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‘Hole-In-The-Wall’ Computer Kiosks Foster Mathematics Achievement - A comparative study
Earlier work at unsupervised playground computer kiosks in rural India, popularly called 'hole-in-the-wall', showed that children exposed to these kiosks learn to use computers on their own and that they are able to clear school examinations in computer science, without any classroom teaching for it. Extending this, our recent research work examines the possible impact on attainments in other curricular subjects, arising from self-directed use of these kiosks. This paper investigates the impact
Author(s): Inamdar Parimala,Kulkarni Arun

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A Discussion of Judah Schwartz's Chapter
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Author(s): Linn Marcia,Pea Roy D.

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