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Cybersecurity is how we protect computers, hardware and software. Whether this be technology, processes or measures that we take to protect ourselves from cybercrimes.

As more things become reliant on technology with our homes and businesses being opened up to internet controlled devices (known as the Internet of Things), and the increase in data being produced by these new technologies, cybersecurity is more important than ever to protect ourselves against threats.

Cybersecurity has become so important over recent years that the Government has written a strategy on how to deal with cybercrimes. We also have a UK National Cyber Security Centre.

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Spotlight On: Working in Intelligence and Security

We invited four HR professionals to talk to you about a career in intelligence and security.

  • Chiara Ferri, Threat Analyst, Crisis24 (NYA)
  • Ruqaiyyah Kahtan, Head of Cybersecurity Risks and Controls, HSBC
  • Max Taylor, Intelligence Fusion
  • Giuliana Helena Le Grazie Brennan, Graduate Security Analyst, Barclays

Login to Moodle to watch a recording of this event 

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Are there jobs in it now?

Yes, and the need for skilled professionals in cybersecurity is growing at a massive pace. The government’s strategy and investment to transform cybersecurity in the UK indicates that this is set to expand.

The UK government report highlights that 39% of employers experienced Cyber attacks in 2021.

At a global level Cybersecurity Ventures provide articles, reports and up to date information about Cyber Crime. This report highlights this growing global sector and the high demand for expertise.

IEEE Computer Society - Top 5 Security Threats

ITPro- The A to Z of security threats 

Wikipedia - Computer security


What roles are available? 

There are many different types of jobs within this area, for example, you may be involved in building software, websites or networks or you may be involved in more of a consultative role (advising businesses on how to increase their security).

Computerworld - Most in-demand cyber security roles in the UK

Cyber Degrees - career options (US site)


What qualifications do I need? What are the routes into cybersecurity?


Most cybersecurity roles require knowledge or experience in a STEM related background and will require strong IT skills. However, it is sometimes possible to get a job in cybersecurity without a technical or computer science degree.

There are masters courses in cybersecurity, visit

Graduate schemes

If you are going into a cybersecurity role after university, it is most common to join a graduate programme that is specifically designed around building the skills that you need over the course of a couple of years. There are schemes that do not ask for a specific degree, mainly in larger companies with a growing cybersecurity department. You may even join on a general graduate scheme but have the opportunity to join a rotation in their IT or security department.

Direct entry roles

It is also possible to get into this area of work through a non-graduate scheme pathway – you can see some examples of the different pathways available on the  CyberSeek website. 

For example, if you are looking at becoming a security software developer, you may find yourself starting your career as a software developer while gaining skills and knowledge in virus and spyware protection and then applying these skills into a cybersecurity related role.


What skills do I need to get into this area of work?

The key skills required to work in cybersecurity are:

  • a keen interest in IT and developments in the sector
  • a strong IT skills and knowledge including hardware, software and networks
  • attention to detail, analytical abilities and the ability to recognise trends in data
  • creativity and patience
  • logic and objectivity
  • an inquisitive nature
  • a forensic approach to challenges
  • a proactive approach with the confidence to make decisions
  • a methodical and well-organised approach to work
  • the ability to work under pressure and meet deadlines
  • communication skills and the ability to interact effectively with a range of people
  • an understanding of confidentiality issues, and the law relating to them
  • a deep understanding of how hackers work and ability to keep up with the fast pace of change in the criminal cyber-underworld
  • ability to seek out vulnerabilities in IT infrastructures

Sources: Prospects and TARGETjobs


Where can I find a job or internship in cybersecurity?

Job opportunities

The obvious places to look for jobs are in government departments such as GCHQ and  DSTL but there are thousands of specialist cybersecurity companies who provide consultancy support to businesses and organisations.

You can also find roles in larger professional service consulting organisations such as Accenture, Deloitte and PwC.

Prosyn Blog Post - Top 15 Cyber Security Companies in London 

CW Jobs - cyber security jobs

Generic jobsites, such as TargetJobs, Prospects, Gradcracker and, are also worth searching for vacancies too.

More national and regional jobsites


it is important to have some work experience or knowledge around cybersecurity when you come to apply for jobs. You could complete an internship or placement within a company in a cybersecurity role or you could select specific modules related to the subject to get some experience. 

Specialist internships and placements are becoming more commonplace in consulting companies such as PwC, who has its own cybersecurity internship or placement stream. 

The Nottingham Internship Scheme offers spring and summer paid internships for University of Nottingham students with a number of these roles in the technology sector.

Also try and other internships sites


Enhance your career prospects at Nottingham

To enhance your prospects of a career in cybersecurity, consider attending networking events. There are several tech meetups that happen in the Nottingham area that you could get involved in.  These are a good place to speak to like-minded people and pick up some hints and tips along the way.

Hackathons are also a great way to get experience in learning new tech skills and networking with like-minded individuals. HackSoc organising HackNotts Hackathon.



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