Careers and Employability Service
Services for current students

Academic medicine


If you are interested in practising as a doctor while also making a difference to the future of medical science and education, then a career in academic medicine may be for you.

Clinical academics are qualified doctors who combine working as a specialist doctor with research and/or teaching responsibilities. Most academics undertake research and teach but some focus more on one of these aspects. 

You will usually spend half the week practising as a doctor and the other half carrying out academic activities. Clinical academics work in all medical specialties and comprise around 5% of the medical consultant workforce.

To be a clinical academic you will need a higher degree at some point; at least a masters degree and in most cases an MD or PhD, before you reach consultant level.


Routes into academic medicine

During the Foundation Programme and Specialty Training there are specific programmes which provide opportunities for doctors to spend time in research.

The Specialised Foundation Programme (SFP) enables newly qualified doctors to spend up to four months of the two-year programme in academia.

Academic Clinical Fellowships (ACFs) enable trainees to spend a quarter of their time during specialty training developing research skills. The ACF is for a maximum of three years (four years for GPs). At the end of the fellowship trainees are supported to apply for a PhD.

However, it is not necessary to participate in one of the above programmes to get involved in research or become an academic. It is possible to pursue independent research jobs, teaching posts, or various fellowship schemes, at all career stages alongside your clinical role all of which give you insight and show your interest. Some may lead to a higher degree (MD or PhD) although the latter invariably requires time out of your chosen training programme (known as "out of programme experience" or ‘OOPE’ for short).

Advice for medical students considering academic medicine

Nick Raine-Fenning, Consultant Gynaecologist and Reader at the University talks about how he became an academic and provides advice to medical students who may be considering academic medicine as a career. 


How to get involved in research, teaching and academia

As a medical student there are plenty of opportunities that will hopefully allow you to explore an area of interest and will provide an introduction to research methodology. You may even get the opportunity to present your work at conferences and publish a paper.

Some ways you can get involved include:

  • your third year BMedSci project (non-GEM students)
  • your special study modules
  • INSPIRE student research society
  • working with local research groups
  • a summer internship such as those offered by the Wellcome Trust
  • get involved in an audit
  • develop or deliver teaching modules 
  • consider and develop/revise local guidelines 
  • help with an ongoing project by collecting data
  • patient and public involvement 

Try to find someone who is actively involved in good quality research, arrange to talk to them and offer to get involved in their work. If they are active researchers, they will probably have several projects in mind and will be grateful for the offer of help.

Useful links

  • Academy of Medical Sciences has a mentoring and career development programme which includes workshops and events held all over the UK. 
  • British Medical Association - Overview of academic medicine with some useful case studies and links to other organisations and the guide - A Role of the Clinical Academic - which describes the role of the clinical academic doctor, and includes a number of examples of medical academics.
  • National Institute of Clinical Excellence has produced a Quality Standards Service Improvement template which may help with clinical audit.
  • National Student Association of Medical Research (NSAMR) collaborates with the Academy of Medical Sciences and is funded by the Wellcome Trust, to support students in pursuit of an academic career.
  • Royal College of Physicians have produced a detailed toolkit for medics interested in an academic career in medicine. The toolkit covers research options, pathways, resources and case studies.
  • University of Nottingham - For details of the University's Academic Training Programme


Careers and Employability Service

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