Human Rights Law Centre

Policy Briefings

FMU Policy Brief Series

On 7-8 November 2017, the Forced Migration Unit convened a workshop on Tackling Root Causes? EU Aid and Governance to Control Migration. The workshop brought together scholars, non-governmental organisations, policy and lawmakers to discuss the nexus between EU development policies and EU migration policies, and their broader legal and political implications.

During the workshop, discussions were centred around the EU’s response to the European refugee ‘crisis’ and its increasingly intensified approach to the external dimensions of its migration policy, that has been particularly prevalent following the launch of the European Agenda on Migration in May 2015.

In this continually evolving context, workshop participants decided to form a network and collaborate to create the FMU Policy Brief Series. This series will address the topics covered during workshop and will respond to further developments in these areas. It is intended for the briefs to be used by scholars, practitioners and NGOs whilst carrying out their work and in particular to contribute towards lobbying against harmful practices.

Policy Brief 01/2017

Finding its Place in Africa: Why has the EU opted for flexible arrangements on readmission?

By Dr Jean-Pierre Cassarino, Dr Mariagiulia Giuffré

This timely brief coincides with the conclusion of the 5th African Union-European Union Summit that took place in Abidjan on 29 – 30 November 2017. It addresses a number of key questions in relation to the use of soft law instruments for readmission procedures, including: Why should a flexible cooperative framework on readmission be more effective than a fully-fledged EU readmission agreement? Are there other factors explaining why “ongoing negotiations with Morocco and Algeria are at a standstill” today? To what extent can a flexible cooperative framework on readmission overcome “internal political considerations” and “public hostility” in third countries?

Read the Brief in Arabic

Policy Brief 02/2018

Why Securitising the Sahel Will Not Stop Migration

By Daria Davitti and Anca-Elena Ursu

This brief examines the political and military interventions in the Sahel by the EU and its Member States, aimed mainly at the securitisation of this key strategic region. Within this context the brief focuses on the implications of the recent escalation of these policies for Niger and for the vulnerable people who found themselves stranded in the region. The brief highlights why the continuation of such an approach would not stop migration towards the EU and risks exacerbating existing tensions in the region, whilst also further endangering the refugees themselves.

Read the Brief in Arabic

Policy Brief 03/2018

Gradations of externalisation: Is the EU sailing towards offshoring asylum processing?

By Daria Davitti, Marlene Fries, Marie Walter-Franke

This brief applies a critical analysis of the reignited trend of externalised EU migration policies that appear to be moving towards a model of offshore processing, as used by Australia. By looking at the proposed CEAS reform, it lays out the fundamental concerns connected with the use of such a model and notes the flaws in the economic and “migration management” justifications for offshoring.

Read the Brief in Arabic


Policy Brief 04/2018

Does development aid contribute to curbing migration flows to Europe?

By Gabriele Restelli

This policy brief critically examines the EU’s use of development aid as a tool to stem inflows of migrants and asylum seekers by examining the assumptions on which EU policies rest and the related evidence base. Investigating the mechanisms potentially underlying the aid/migration nexus, it argues that development policy should return to prioritising development goals over migration control objectives.

Read the Brief in Arabic




Human Rights Law Centre

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