Institute of Asia and Pacific Studies

Democratic, Authoritarian and Hybrid Regimes in Asia

Asia has varying experiences of democracy. India is the world's largest democracy whilst its neighbour, China, is not. Many other states in Asia hold competitive elections but in many different ways the institutionalisation and quality of their democracy is weak and democracy cannot be said to be consolidated in these countries. 

Members of IAPS have conducted research projects on different aspects of democracy and are interested in supervising students working on a range of topics in this area. These include (but are not limited to) the role of social media in newly democratising countries, how to measure and understand democracy, the relationship between democracy and the recognition of minority rights, the role of technology in elections, the role of political parties in aggregating preferences, civil society and democracy.


Specific areas of research falling within this theme include:

  • Dyarchy: the designing and implementation of the 1919 Government of India Act (Stephen Legg)
  • The collaborationist regime of Wang Jingwei in China 1940-45 (Jeremy Taylor) 
  • Chiang Kai-shek (Jeremy Taylor)
  • Understanding the hybrid regime of Pakistan following the 2013 election (Katharine Adeney)
  • Democrasubjection (Michael Connors)
  • Culture and surveillance (Michael Connors)
  • Nature of the political system in China (Steve Tsang) 
  • Taiwan’s democratic politics (Steve Tsang)
  • Chiang Kai-shek (Steve Tsang)
  • Governance and stability of China (Hongyi Lai)
Democratic, authoritarian and hybrid regimes


Institute of Asia and Pacific Studies

School of Politics and International Relations
Law and Social Sciences building
University of Nottingham
University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD

+44 (0)115 82 83087