Alessandra De Angelis
PhD Researcher, Faculty of Social Sciences
Alessandra is a PhD Candidate in Law and Politics at the University of Nottingham with a multidisciplinary research project on the Europeanization of defence equipment markets.
She holds a BA (2006) and MA (2009) in European Law with the University of Parma, Italy (First, Distinction 110/110 cum laude). Alessandra also completed a post-graduate specialization (2010) in international transactions and business Law with the University of Milan Bicocca, Milan, Italy. She furthermore holds two post graduate specializations (2009-2010)) respectively in organized crime control policies and international criminal law from the Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven Belgium and the Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Science, Syracuse, Italy. Alessandra pursued an advanced joint diploma (2013) in design and analysis of public security and national defense policies form the University Institute of Lisbon (UL-ISCTE) and the Portuguese Institute of National Defence (IDN), Lisbon, Portugal.
Alessandra served as an intern (2007) to the Permanent Mission of Italy to the International Organizations supporting the activities of the Italian representation to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). She furthermore served as an investigations assistant (2008) to the United Nations Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS), Investigations Division (ID) in Vienna and as a legal/policy researcher (2009) at the Division for Operations with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna.
Alessandra is a European Lawyer qualified under the Italian, Spanish and Portuguese jurisdictions. She practiced as a lawyer and legal advisor in leading international law firms between 2009 and 2013. Alessandra also served as a legal and policy analyst with a leading innovation centre, INTELI Inteligência em Inovação, in Lisbon between 2012 and 2014. In that context she developed advanced policy analytical skills in the area of security, defence innovation, and industrial policy. She also worked on a number of security-related R&D and industrial cooperation projects financed under the 7th European Union Framework Program as well as under the Atlantic cooperation partnership.
Alessandra has been awarded a MAE/CRUI fellowship (Italian Permanent Mission to the United Nations Office in Vienna, Austria, 2007), a Leonardo da Vinci European Fellowship (Antonio Viñal & Co Abogados, Madrid, Spain 2010), a Gulbenkian Foundation Research Prize (Social Sciences Research Institute, Lisbon, Portugal, 2011) and a Vice Chancellor Scholarship for excellency in research, European Union (University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom, 2014-2017).
Between 2016/2017 Alessandra has been engaged in providing legal, research and analytical support to multiple strands of work carried out within the Defence, Aerospace and Maritime Unit of the European Commission Directorate General for Internal Market, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (DG GROW) in Brussels, Belgium. Inter alia, she supported the preparation and political negotiation of the European Defence Action Plan, she conduced desk research, collected defence-related data, compiled and corrected internal statistics; she contributed to the preparation of COSME calls supporting respectively the consolidation of a European Network of Defence related Regions, and a Blueprint strategy for sectorial cooperation on skills in defence related industries. She provided for legal support in the setting of a procedure addressing legal, ethical and societal aspects of a three-year EU funded Preparatory Action to a post 2020 EU Defence Research Programme; she contributed to the verification of Member States' levels of compliance to Directive 43/2009. Alessandra has been regularly involved in meetings, committees and working groups on defence- related topics.
Alessandra is a visiting researcher with the Vrije Universitet Brussel (VUB), POLI Department and she is affiliated to a number of research centers in Brussels (Belgium).
Alessandra is a multilingual professional, fluent in English, Italian, French, Spanish and Portuguese. She is currently studying Russian.
The topic of defence has been included into the agenda of the European Communities since their very establishment in the early 1950s. That notwithstanding it was just in the last twenty-five years… read more
Participation to Conferences/Workshops/Trainings and field work activities:
28.29.04.2014 Alessandra delivered a presentation and contextually presented a paper entitled 'Competing policy frames at the heart of the European defence establishment and their impact on the process of European integration in defence procurement' at the 6th Public procurement Research Students Conference at the University of Nottingham, UK
12.06.2014 Alessandra delivered a presentation entitled 'Competing policy frameworks at the heart of the European Union and their impact on the process of European Armaments Integration' at the Postgraduate Research Conference 'Politics without borders' at the University of Nottingham, UK
July-August 2014 Alessandra attended a two-week training on 'Case study research: method and practise' lectured by Prof. Ingo Rolfing during the 9th ECPR Summer School in Methods and Techniques held in Lubijiana, Slovenia
April 2015 Alessandra completed scoping exploratory chats with EU policy makers and industrialists between Brussels, Rome and Paris to reconstruct empirical historical developments pertaining to her first case study analysis. Alessandra received partial economic support from the School of Politics and international relations, University of Nottingham
12.06.2015 Alessandra delivered a presentation entitled 'The making of a European armaments policy in the mid-90s: assessing policy consistency by observing policy preferences in the European armaments sector' at the Postgraduate Research Conference 'Politics in a volatile world' at the UoN, UK
September 2015 Alessandra spent a month research stay at the EU archives at the European University Institute in Florence to complete her archival research on the making of a EU-Commission armaments policy in the post Cold-war period supported by the Smith Trust scholarship from the School of Law, University of Nottingham
05.02.2016 Alessandra delivered a presentation entitled 'Conceptualizing the European Defence Equipment Market' at the 1st Interdisciplinary Workshop on Conceptualizing Europe organized with the generous support of the Nottingham ESRC Doctoral Training Center at UoN, UK
17.02.2016 Alessandra delivered a presentation entitled 'The Europeanization of defence equipment markets' at the Law School Presentation Day at the UoN, UK
01.07.2016 Alessandra delivered a presentation entitled 'Explaining policy outcomes with process tracing' at the interdisciplinary workshop 'Social Sciences: different approaches, different solutions? An interdisciplinary dialogue' organized with the generous support of the Nottingham ESRC Doctoral Training Center at UoN, UK
02-03.11.2016 Alessandra participated in a number of workshops and technological demonstration events in the framework of the 2016 InnovateUK conference held at Manchester Central, UK
The topic of defence has been included into the agenda of the European Communities since their very establishment in the early 1950s. That notwithstanding it was just in the last twenty-five years that a supranational institution, namely the European Commission, started to be involved to different extents in the shaping of public policies towards the armaments sector. This process culminated with the passing of an EU (supranational) rule based regime for intra-EU acquisitions and intra-EU transfers of defence and security items. In the same timeframe, representation groups from the defence industrial establishment in Europe started to interact with the European decision making environment to address problems affecting the defence industrial sector.
The present research concentrates on studying the process of Europeanisation of defence equipment markets conceived, in the context of my doctoral thesis, as the political process whereby, in the European Union, a number of political and economic actors came to agree on a mandatory EU supranational rule-based system for intra-EU acquisitions and transfers of defence and security items for military application and use only. The political process of Europeanisation of defence equipment markets has prominently advanced, under an institutional regulatory policy framework, the European Defence Equipment Market (EDEM). A supranational regulatory outcome in this policy field represents a remarkable aspect in the evolution of the European Union as main decisions in the armaments field have traditionally remained a prerogative of sovereign states that have kept political and regulatory control on the production, trade and procurement aspects of military equipment. For this reason, this process is worth being understood and explained.
While mainstream academic interest has concentrated on either explaining the legal and economic underpinnings of defence and collaborative procurement in Europe or to untangle patterns of interdependence/ discordance in power relations under IRs theories, no attention has been given to the conditions and processes that led to have a supranational institutional regime for armaments procurement and intra-EU transfers in Europe. This PhD project breaks the line of the tradition by providing for a multidisciplinary technologically- guided explanation to the political phenomenon under enquiry.
Alessandra is co-supervised by Prof. Wyn Rees and Jan-Hinrik Meyer-Sahling from the School of Politics and International relations and by Prof. Irit Ronen-Mevorach from the School of Law.