School of Law

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Michael Bowman

Associate Professor in Law, Faculty of Social Sciences


Expertise Summary

Michael Bowman is a graduate of the University of Nottingham, where he was awarded the LL.B. with first-class honours. He joined the teaching staff in 1973 and was appointed to Senior Lecturer in 1989. His principal teaching and research interests lie in the field of public international law, particularly international environmental law, the law of treaties and the practice of treaty-making. He is Rapporteur of the International Environmental Law Committee of the British Branch of the International Law Association and has undertaken extensive committee and consultancy work in the fields of animal welfare and environmental protection and has recently published substantial articles on the topics of wetland conservation, the protection of birds and the animal welfare dimension of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. Michael Bowman also has interests in English common law. In the law of tort his particular interest is in the negligence liability of public authorities.

Research Summary

Research interests lie in the field of public international law, particularly international environmental law, the law of treaties and the practice of treaty-making.

Recent Publications

Current PhD Students

  • Fosci, Mattia: Beyond carbon markets: an analysis of selected policy approaches to reduce forest emissions and their relevance in the climate change negotiations (co-supervised with Peter Davies)
  • Garnjana-goonchorn, Intu-on Environmental Governance in Asian Developing Countries and the Legitimate Trade Subsidy Measures and Policies under the WTO Rules (co-supervised with Professor Mary Footer)
  • McGuffin, Michael Kieren: Climate Change and Environmentally Displaced Persons: A Lacuna in International Legal Protection (co-supervised with Dr Marko Milanovic)
  • Mohammed, Nicole: An Assessment of Public Participation in Selected Commonwealth Caribbean States (co-supervised with Peter Davies)
  • West, Tom: Limitations of a Human Right to the Environment: Softening the Divide between Humanity and Nature (co-supervised with Sangeeta Shah)

Recent PhD Students

  • BOWMAN, M. J., 2016. Law, legal scholarship and the conservation of biological diversity: 2020 vision and beyond. In: BOWMAN, M. J., DAVIES, P. G. G. and GOODWIN, E. J., eds., Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law Edward Elgar.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2013. Beyond the "Keystone" CoPs: the ecology of institutional governance in conservation treaty regimes International Community Law Review. 15(1), 5-43
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2011. Conserving biological diversity in an era of climate change: local implementation of international wildlife law treaties German Yearbook of International Law. 53, 289-339
  • BOWMAN, M.J., DAVIES, P.G.G. and REDGWELL, C.J., 2010. Lyster's international wildlife law 2nd. Cambridge University Press.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2010. Environmental Protection and the Concept of Common Concern of Mankind.. In: FITZMAURICE, M., ONG, D. and MERKOURIS, P., eds., Research Handbook in International Environmental Law. Edward Elgar. 493-518
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2010. Business as Normal or as "Normalised"?: The Future of the International Whaling Commission Journal of Animal Welfare Law. 22-25
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2009. Transcending the fisheries paradigm: towards a rational approach to determining the future of the International Whaling Commission. New Zealand Yearbook of International Law. 7, 85-130
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2008. Ratification of Treaties: Memorandum submitted at invitation of the Joint Committee of the House of Lords and House of Commons on the Draft Constitutional Renewal Bill HL Paper 166-II; HC Paper 551-II
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2008. "Normalizing" the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling Michigan Journal of International Law. 29, 293-499
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2007. "Normalising" the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling University of Nottingham Treaty Centre Analytical Studies Series. Available at: <>
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2007. Righting the World through Treaties: the Changing Nature and Role of International Agreements in the Global Order. Legal Information Management. 7, 124-131
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2005. Review of Kiss, A, Shelton, D, Ishibashi, K, eds Economic Globalization and Compliance with International Environmental Law. Journal of Environmental Law. 17, 150-153
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2004. International law and the conservation of biological diversity in mountain ecosystems. In: TREVES, T., PINESCHI, L. and FODELLA, A., eds., Sustainable development of mountain areas: legal perspectives beyond Rio and Johannesburg Milan: Giuffre Editore. 95-131
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2002. Biodiversity, intrinsic value, and the definition and valuation of environmental harm. In: BOWMAN, M and BOYLE, A., eds., Environmental damage in international and comparative law: problems of definition and valuation Oxford: Oxford University Press. 41-61
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2002. Mountain Biodiversity and International Environmental Law In: Fondazione Courmayeur International Conference on Mountains and Environment: Ten Years After Rio.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2002. The Ramsar Convention on wetlands: has it made a difference? Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development. 10, 61-68
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2002. Presentation on issue of compliance with international environmental agreements In: ILA Branch Committee on International Environmental Law.
  • BOWMAN, M.J. and BOYLE, A.E., eds., 2002. Environmental Damage in International and Comparative Law: Problems of Definition and Valuation Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • BOWMAN, M.J. and BAILEY, S.H., 2001. Public Authority Negligence on the Waterfront Tort Law Review. 8, 1-8
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2001. Treaties, International Law and the International Law of Treaties In: City Legal Information Group Conference.
  • BAILEY, S. H. and BOWMAN, M. J., 2000. Public Authority Negligence Revisited Cambridge Law Journal. VOL 59(PART 1), 85-132
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2000. Animal Welfare and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species In: Postgraduate Seminar.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2000. International Agreements for the Conservation of Biological Diversity In: British Council International Symposium on Global Environmental Law.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 2000. The Effectiveness of International Nature Conservation Agreements. In: Land Use and Nature Protection: Emerging Legal Aspects DJOF Publishing, Copenhagen, Denmark. 105-151
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1999. Biodiversity, Intrinsic Value and the Nature of Environmental Harm In: ILA Workshop on the Definition and Valuation of Environmental Harm.
  • BOWMAN, M. J., 1999. International Treaties and the Global Protection of Birds: Parts I, II Journal of Environmental Law. VOL 11, 87-120; 281-300
  • BOWMAN, M., 1998. Conflict or Compatibility? The Trade, Conservation and Animal Welfare Dimensions of CITES Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy. VOL 1(NUMBER 1), 9-63
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1998. Commentary to the Independent Review of CITES Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy. 1, 412-13, 425-32
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1998. The Effectiveness of International Environmental Agreements In: Nordic-European Research Symposium.
  • BOWMAN, M., 1997. Neglected Aspects of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species In: University of Nottingham Treaty Centre, Analytical Studies Series. 120
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1997. Towers, Television and Troubles in the Isle of Dogs - the Law of Nuisance Revisited Environmental Liability. 5, 130-135
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1997. International Law and the Environment In: Indian Government Service/ODA Study Fellows.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1997. Public Authority Negligence Revisted In: SPTL Public Law Group.
  • BOWMAN, M.J., 1997. The Status of Animals Under International Law In: International Law Association 1997 Lecture Series.
  • BOWMAN, M.J. and REDGWELL, C.J., eds., 1996. International Law and the Conservation of Biological Diversity (International Environmental Law and Policy Series) Kluwer Law International, Deventer, NL.
  • BOWMAN, M., 1996. The Nature, Development and Philosophical Foundations of the Biodiversity Concept in International Law. In: International Law and the Conservation of Biological Diversity (International Environmental Law and Policy Series) Kluwer Law International, Deventer, NL. 5-31
  • BOWMAN, M. J., 1995. The Ramsar Convention Comes of Age Netherlands International Law Review. VOL 42(NUMBER 1), 1
  • BOWMAN, M. J., 1995. The Multilateral Treaty Amendment Process International and Comparative Law Quarterly. VOL 44(NUMBER 3), 540
  • HARRIS, D.J. and BOWMAN, M.J., eds., 1984. Multilateral Treaties: Index and Current Status / compiled and annotated within the University of Nottingham Treaty Centre by M.J. Bowman and D.J. Harris plus supplements to 1995. Butterworths, London, UK; Markham, Ontario, Canada.

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