Paediatric Accident and Emergency Research Group
Evidence-based guidelines for the management of common and important acute paediatric presentations to hospitals
Breathing Difficulty: An evidence based guideline for the management of children presenting with acute breathing difficulty
Dr Monica Lakhanpaul1, Dr Kate Armon1, Miss Philipa Eccleston1, Dr Roderick MacFaul2, Dr Stephanie Smith3, Dr Harish Vyas3, Dr Ursula Werneke4, Miss Lynn Williams3, Professor Terence Stephenson1.
Date for review January 2005
Please note that following good clinical practice guidelines can improve patient outcomes. However, guidelines should be used in the context of the clinical condition of each individual patient. The clinical decisions used to manage patients with acute breathing difficulties remain the responsibility of the health professionals looking after that patient. Neither the guideline authors nor the website server providing access to the guideline take any responsibility for patient outcomes.
1Academic Division of Child Health,
3Queen’s Medical Centre
Conflict of interest: none.
Funding for guideline development
Children Nationwide funds high quality research into a wide range of serious diseases and conditions affecting babies, infants and children. Our purpose is to provide support and opportunities to exceptionally talented research Doctors, who are undertaking important and innovative projects, which if successful, are likely to attract continuation funding from elsewhere.