Written work on a legal topic of the your choice resulting from individual research and normally based upon material falling within the area covered by the degree for which you are registered.
Qualifying module options
Advanced Copyright and Design Law
The module will deal with special issues in copyright and designs and their international exploitation at an advanced level. The British, European and international law relating to these rights will be studied in detail. Comparison will also be made with national Member States laws.
Special topical issues in copyright and designs law will be studied including the protection of computer programs, databases and technological protection measures. National and Community unregistered and registered design rights. Finally you will be given an insight as to the future of copyright and designs at EU and international level.
Commercial Conflict of Laws
This module will involve a critical analysis of the conflict of laws rules dealing with issues arising in a commercial context. The module begins with jurisdiction and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. The module then deals with choice of law issues in contract and tort.
Because of the growing role of the European Union in this area, the interaction between European and traditional English approaches to commercial conflict of laws issues will be a pervasive theme of the module.
EU Competition Law
The module examines the legal regulation of competition within the single and free market of the EU and serves as an introduction to basic legal and economic principles as well as to detailed study of the rules of Union law which seek to outlaw competitive behaviour.
International and Comparative Copyright Law
The module will deal with the basic principles of copyright law at an advanced level. British copyright law will be studied with reference to the international and European obligations of the United Kingdom in this respect. This covers an introduction to copyright law, subject-matter of protection, authorship, ownership and dealings, economic and moral rights, term of protection, infringement and defences.
International and Comparative Patent Law
The module will deal with the basic principles of patent law and it will do so from an international and comparative perspective. Special attention will be paid to European and US patent law before attention will turn to biotechnological inventions and a case study on stem cell patents.
International and Comparative Trade Mark Law
The module will deal with the basic principles of trade mark law and it will do so from an international and comparative perspective. Special attention will be paid to European and US trade mark law before attention will turn to passing-off and comparative advertising issues.
International Aspects of Corporate Law and Insolvency
The module covers the following:
- Introduction to company law, insolvency and global business operations
- Effective business forms for global operations: group structures and organisational patterns
- Companies crossing borders: doing business abroad
- Harmonisation of company laws and supranational business forms
- Regulating enterprise groups - a comparative and international perspective
- The quest for harmonisation and uniformity in insolvency
- The European Regulation on Insolvency Proceedings
- The UNCITRAL Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency: a global solution for international insolvencies
- Insolvency of multinational enterprise groups
International Commercial Arbitration
This module offers the fundamentals of international commercial arbitration, the most important dispute resolution mechanism for international business transactions.
The module begins with the legal framework of international commercial arbitration. It then deals with jurisdiction of arbitration tribunals and certain procedural issues arising in arbitration practice. The module ends with the setting aside and recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards.
The module focuses mainly on English law of arbitration which is put in comparative perspective and compared and contrasted especially with the UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration.
International Consumer Protection
The module examines the role of the law in regulating business and protecting the consumer.
It begins by looking at economic and social theories of regulation, identifying what we seek to achieve through regulating, and why regulation is necessary in a competitive market. Next, it examines how we regulate by identifying and critiquing the techniques of regulation. The module then examines how businesses can be held to account through sanctioning, both under the criminal law and in other ways.
Next, the module looks at the protection of consumers' economic interests (in particular through unfair commercial practices law) and consumers' physical integrity (in particular through product safety law). The module ends by examining the theory and practice of enforcement.
International Financial and Monetary Law
This module focuses on the public law regulation of international financial and monetary relations, and not on the contractual or transactional aspects of international financial markets. It aims to provide a timely and insightful overview of current regulatory developments in the field of capital and current international transactions as well as financial and monetary stability and supervision.
The module also considers the role of major institutions in the regulation of international lending and finance for development. Special topics, such as the sovereign debt crisis and regulatory efforts to combat money laundering and terrorist financing or the future of the international financial and monetary system may be covered during the course of this module.
International Investment Law
This module deals with key aspects of the international system for the regulation of foreign investment. The module focuses primarily on issues arising from investor-host state relations under Bilateral Investment Treaties or BITs and some other International Investment Agreements or IIAs but also touches upon international investment contracts, where relevant.
Special attention will be given to the means of regulating investment using such instruments, including standards of treatment and breaches thereof, the taking of foreign property and the settlement of investment disputes by means of arbitration.
International Law of the Sea
The module will consider:
- the history and evolution of the law of the sea
- baselines, internal waters and the territorial sea
- straits, archipelagos and the contiguous zone
- the continental shelf and exclusive economic zone
- the high seas
- the international seabed area and ice-covered areas
International Sale of Goods
This module deals with international sales of goods, as they are conducted in the international commodity markets according to the rules of English law. It does not cover the United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods 1980 and similar instruments.
Law of International Trade Finance
The module addresses the private law relating to the financial aspects of international trade, especially payment mechanisms and guarantees. Emphasis is placed upon the rules promulgated by the International Chamber of Commerce.
Public Procurement in EU and International Trade Law
This module examines the regulation of government procurement at international level for the purpose of opening up government markets to free trade. It provides a detailed examination of the system under EU Law, which has provided a model for other international systems, and of government procurement regulation in the WTO.
Public Procurement Law
This module examines issues relating to the regulation of public procurement from perspectives other than trade liberalisation. Issues covered include:
- the pursuit of value for money through competition
- avoidance of corruption
- procurement for privately-financed infrastructure projects
The module pays particular attention to the UNCITRAL Model Law on procurement and the procurement rules for developing countries' projects financed by the World Bank.
The World Trading System
This module deals with key aspects of World Trade Organization Law. It focuses on:
- the institutional and organisational structure of the WTO and dispute settlement
- GATT (dealing with tariffs and other barriers to import of goods)
- GATS (the agreement regulating international trade in services)
- rules on unfair trade such as anti-dumping, subsidies and safeguards
Some attention is also paid to the relationship between regionalism and globalisation and to the issues of preferential trade and development.
The above is a sample of the typical modules that we offer but is not intended to be construed and/or relied upon as a definitive list of the modules that will be available in any given year. Due to the passage of time between commencement of the course and subsequent years of the course, modules may change due to developments in the curriculum and information is provided for indicative purposes only.