Research Methods and Resources
This module introduces the skills and resources you will need for academic work at postgraduate level, and introduces you to methodological and theoretical issues which arise in religious history. Topics to be covered include the critical use of sources, academic presentation, essay writing and research methods approaches. The assignment will require you to discuss developments in scholarship in one particular time period of church history over the last 30 years.
Early Christian Writings: Outside the Canonical Collection
You will undertake a close reading of four or six of early documents from the followers of Jesus. These documents are of various lengths and you will read them in their entirety. The concerns of each text in the period when 'Judaism' and 'Christianity' were becoming distinct religions will be given priority rather than viewing them as sources for other thematic concerns. This will lead to an examination of how these documents bring before us the history of some early communities, and exhibit both their theological concerns and styles of theology. There will be close attention throughout the module to how these texts have been used in theology in the past and how they can be used in theological understanding today.
The Emergence of the New Testament Canon
This module will examine the factors in early Christianity which led to certain documents, such as the texts that go to make up the Hebrew Bible, being given special status within the community’s worship, memory, and theological perception. It will look at how this collection of documents expanded and evolved in theological significance until it became generally accepted to be a body of 'sacred scripture' - and how that concept was adopted from Judaism and modified within Christianity. The module will also explore the impact of the emergence of a Christian canon of theology, and its significance for Christianity as another 'lawful religion' within the Roman empire.
Reading Medieval Theologians from Anselm to Ockham
This module will examine a range of primary texts, in translation, that extend in time from Anselm (c.1033-1109) to William of Ockham (c.1285-1347). Moreover, the texts will also vary in genre from formal academic works to liturgical texts composed in the period. Through a close reading of these texts students will come to understand how Anselm’s theological method marked a break with the past; how the rise of the university affected theology; how the recovery of Aristotle and reception of Islamic thought affected theology; and how will look at some texts exhibiting the characteristics of ‘scholasticism.’
The Virgin Mary in Christian Tradition: history and doctrine
This module seeks to develop core skills in historical and systematic theology with reference to a particular topic: namely, Christian doctrine and devotion concerning the Virgin Mary. The module will study the historical development of the Marian cult in Eastern and Western Christian traditions, with emphasis on its spiritual, doctrinal, and liturgical importance. It will show how Christian interest in the Virgin Mary increased in the course of the first five centuries of the Church, especially with regard to three main aspects: her central role in the incarnation of Christ, her status as a model of virginal asceticism, and her capacity to act as protector or intercessor for Christians.
Dante, Religion and Culture
This module offers students the opportunity to read most of the important Italian poet and lay-theologian Dante Alighieri’s works in translation, as well as his sources in medieval theology, philosophy and mystical writings. The cultural background in music, art and politics of the period will also be addressed. Primary texts will include the Vita Nuova (his poetic autobiography) Convivio (invitation to a philosophic banquet), Commedia (his journey to hell, purgatory and heaven) and Monarchia (political theory), and writings by Bonaventure, Thomas Aquinas, Hugh of St Victor, Bernard of Clairvaux, Mechtild, Aristotle and Dionysius the Areopagite, as well as contemporary scholarship.
Richard Hooker and English Theological Thought
Richard Hooker (1554-1600) is the great theologian of English Anglicanism. This module considers how he has helped shape the development of the Church of England’s self-understanding over the centuries. Particular attention will be paid to Hooker’s own writing – not simply the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Polity – but also his sermons, and to the many and varied ways in which these have been interpreted. The module will conclude by offering a reading of the ways in which Hooker’s work speaks directly to modern theology.
Revivalism and Reform in Britain and America 1730–1850
This module investigates the twin themes of revivalism and institutional ecclesiastical reform in Britain and America, with some reference to European parallels. The period covered is from the outbreak of evangelical revival in the 1730s, to the last major transatlantic revival of 1859–60. Topics include: the roots of global evangelical revival; consolidation, development and renewal within the evangelical tradition; national variations of evangelicalism, with particular reference to England, America and Wales and Catholic revivalist movements. The final units of the module are concerned with the institutional reform of the established Churches in Britain from 1730 to 1860, with a consideration of the extent to which this can be viewed as a process of revival.
The Churches and the Social Question in Britain, 1815–1900
This module investigates differing Christian perspectives on social questions in Britain from the end of the Napoleonic Wars to the beginning of the 20th century. The structure is chronological, and topics include: the legacy of Malthus: Sumner, Chalmers and other political economy theologians; mid-nineteenth century crises and responses: Chartism, Irish Famine, early Christian Socialism and the Condition-of-England question; Jesus as a social reformer: nineteenth century perspectives; Christian social critique and action: Andrew Mearns, Charles Booth, William Booth; Lux Mundi and its legacy; Fin de siècle social Christianity: Cardinal Manning and the Nonconformist Conscience.
Christianity in 20th-century Britain
This module investigates mainland British Christianity over the course of the 20th century. The structure is chronological and topics include: the Edwardian era; the first World War; the Church and the interwar years; the Second World War and beyond – disruption and revival; the long 1960s; the millennium ends.
There is an emphasis on attempting to understand religion’s regional varieties in England, Scotland and Wales, but this module does not include Ireland.
You may also opt to take some modules from the MA in Systematic and Philosophical Theology
, and, with the consent of the course director, you may be allowed to take a 'Directed Reading' module. You will complete your studies with a 12,000-word dissertation.
The modules we offer are inspired by the research interests of our staff and as a result may change for reasons of, for example, research developments or legislation changes. This list is an example of typical modules we offer, not a definitive list.