School of Politics and International Relations

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Wanqi Li

Doctoral Researcher, Faculty of Social Sciences



Li Wanqi is a doctoral researcher in the School of Politics and International Relations at the University of Nottingham and a member of China Policy Institute. Her research focuses on the Internet Voice and Internet Violence as well as individual's muscles on the Internet of civil society. She holds a BA in Politics and Public Administration (Sichuan Agricultural University) and MA in Chinese and Foreign Political Institution (Zhejiang University).

Research Summary

Li Wanqi's doctoral research topic is Internet Voice and Internet Violence in China.

Compared with traditional media, social networks exhibits their own characteristics of information dissemination: openness, interactivity, fast spreading, etc. Because of the connection with innumerable separated network nodes, the invention of this technology has revolutionized people's lifestyle and means of socializing, and a burgeoning network society has been established. Under such circumstances, people's way of expression has experienced a fundamental change and now they are used to expressing their thoughts, feelings, ideas, and opinions on this new platform. Also, the space which is deeply interlinked with technology, communication, transport, business, services and direct information flows is called cyberspace.

Nowadays, the new communication environment created by the Internet has remixed the global communication networks, the social realities and cultural sovereignty. From the United States to the European Union to the Middle East of Africa, the Internet is as much as a collection of communities and technologies, and its success is largely attributable to both satisfying basic community needs as well as utilizing the community in an effective way to push the infrastructure forward. Although the Internet development in China is later than most western countries, it has been made a great contribution on the state's economy. The country also make effort to catch up with the western powers in China's ICT.

During the development phase of the Internet, it is of great importance and necessity to establish and refine institutions and laws for the purpose of protecting the freedom of expression and human rights on the Internet. We get much convenience on the Internet. The free flow of information on the Internet provides wondrous new opportunities for people to express themselves and communicate, but there is still a dark side. In China, the cyberbullying spreads into reality frequently and the rapid development of the information industry has happened without sufficient legislation and regulation for the protection of people who get hurt.In order to strictly control the free flow of information on the Internet, the Chinese government enacted a set of laws and regulations that treat the Internet in the same manner as traditional media, or, on some occasions, even harsher.

This study will choose China as a case study. Therefore, this thesis explores how to protect the freedom of expression in the Internet era of mainland China, and how to build the country into a socialist state under the clear rule of law while also protecting the freedom of expression for individuals and safeguards the fundamental interests of the whole population. And the thesis also points out how the society and the government legislate against cyber violence, and how we protect ourselves from the cyber violence. The aim of this study is not only to assess the extent of cyberbullying in China, but also to explore which variables predict online victimisation and perpetration.

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