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Terror as justice, justice as terror: counterterrorism and anti-Black racism in the United States
How do counterterrorism policies in the United States reproduce anti-Black racism? Research on U.S. domestic counterterrorism post-9/11 has largely focused on the experiences of Muslim Americans while marginalising both overlapping and separate effects of counterterrorism policy on non-Muslim people of colour, particularly non-Muslim Black communities.
I argue that domestic counterterrorism policy, as an act of determining what kinds of political contention the state finds non-threatening, has roots in the historical treatment of Black resistance and continues to derive power and legitimacy from oppressing Black communities.
Using the case of the Black Liberation Army and its members, I show that federal counterterrorism institutions were shaped by opposition to Black liberation, alongside more well-studied threads of xenophobia and Islamophobia. This article thus extends understandings of discrimination and prejudice within the U.S. counterterrorism apparatus and advocates for greater attention to anti-Blackness not only in policing but in security institutions more broadly.
Meier, A., 2022. Terror as Justice, Justice as Terror: Counterterrorism and Anti-Black Racism in the United States. Critical Studies on Terrorism, 15(1), pp.83-101. https://doi.org/10.1080/17539153.2022.2031132.
Many of our academic and research staff produce books and book chapters that focus on areas of interest in political science.
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- Martin, L. 2022. Laughing off Ebola in Sierra Leone: Humor in Times of Crisis. Journal of African Cultural Studies, 34(2), pp.143-156. https://doi.org/10.1080/13696815.2022.2045476.
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- Chauhan, V., Crowley, T., Fisher, A., McCabe, H. and Williams, H., 2022. Losing the race? Philosophy of race in UK philosophy departments. Metaphilosophy. https://doi.org/10.1111/meta.12538.
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- Eadie, P., Su, Y., Simbulan, N.P., Yacub, C., 2022. Rights, Resilience and Equity During Covid-19: Women in Affected Low-Income Urban Communities in the Philippines. Researchgate. 10.13140/RG.2.2.19994.16322
- Martin, L., Bradbury-Jones, C., Koroma, S. and Forcer, S. 2022. Bringing Inside Out: humour, outreach, and sexual and gender-based violence in Sierra Leone, 13(3), pp.356-373. https://doi.org/10.1080/21681392.2021.2005378
- Fulda, A. and Missal, D., 2021. Mitigating threats to academic freedom in Germany: the role of the state, universities, learned societies and China. The International Journal of Human Rights, pp.1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2021.1989412.
- Fulda, A., 2021. The Chinese Communist Party’s Hybrid Interference and Germany’s Increasingly Contentious China Debate (2018-21). The Journal of the European Association for Chinese Studies, 2, pp.205-234. https://doi.org/10.25365/jeacs.2021.2.205-234.
- Trumm, S. and Barclay, A., 2021. Parliamentary representation: Should MPs prioritise their own views or those of their voters? Political Studies, p.00323217211061512. https://doi.org/10.1177/00323217211061512.
- Trumm, S. and Sudulich, L., 2021. A longitudinal study of online campaigning in the most digitally advanced society in the world. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, pp.1-20. https://doi.org/10.1080/17457289.2021.2009484.
- Townsley, J., Trumm, S. and Milazzo, C., 2021. ‘The personal touch’: Campaign personalisation in Britain. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, p.13691481211044646. https://doi.org/10.1177/13691481211044646.
- Townsley, J., Turnbull-Dugarte, S.J., Trumm, S. and Milazzo, C., 2021. Who votes by post? Understanding the drivers of postal voting in the 2019 British general election. Parliamentary Affairs. https://doi.org/10.1093/pa/gsab049.
- Trumm, Siim. "Online versus offline: Exploring the link between how candidates campaign and how voters cast their ballot." European Journal of Political Research (2021). https://doi.org/10.1111/1475-6765.12453.
- Milazzo, C., Trumm, S. and Townsley, J., 2021. Crowdsourcing campaigns: A new dataset for studying British parties’ electoral communications. Political Studies Review, 19(3), pp.520-527. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478929920970740.
- Lai, H., 2021, November. The evolution of China’s climate change policy: international and domestic political economy and a strategy for working with China. British Academy. https://doi.org/10.5871/jba/009s10.069.
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- Spary, C., 2020. Women candidates, women voters, and the gender politics of India’s 2019 parliamentary election. Contemporary South Asia, 28(2), pp.223-241. https://doi.org/10.1080/09584935.2020.1765987.
- Eadie, P., Atienza, M.E. and Tan-Mullins, M., 2020. Livelihood and vulnerability in the wake of Typhoon Yolanda: lessons of community and resilience. Natural Hazards, 103(1). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-020-03984-z.
- McCabe, H., 2021. “Political… civil and domestic slavery”: Harriet Taylor Mill and Anna Doyle Wheeler on marriage, servitude, and socialism. British Journal for the History of Philosophy, 29(2), pp.226-243. https://doi.org/10.1080/09608788.2020.1750348.
- Burke, E., 2020. Loyalist Mobilization and Cross-Border Violence in Rural Ulster, 1972-1974. Terrorism and Political Violence, pp.1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/09546553.2020.1745777.
- McCabe, H., 2019. 'There never was a time when so great a drama was being played out in one generation': John Stuart Mill and the French Revolution of 1848. Revue d'Etudes Proudhoniennes, 5. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/304169143.pdf.
- Harris, A.S., Sigman, R., Meyer-Sahling, J.H., Mikkelsen, K.S. and Schuster, C., 2020. Oiling the bureaucracy? political spending, bureaucrats and the resource curse. World Development, 127, p.104745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2019.104745.
- Lee, D.S. and Park, S., 2020. Ministerial leadership and endorsement of bureaucrats: Experimental evidence from presidential governments. Public Administration Review, 80(3), pp.426-441. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/puar.13153.
- Trumm, S., 2021. Explaining support for Brexit among parliamentary candidates: the case of Wales. British Politics, 16(1), pp.58-73. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41293-020-00135-7.
- Lee, D.S. and Park, S., 2021. Civil servants’ perceptions of agency heads’ leadership styles: the role of gender in public sector organizations. Public Management Review, 23(8), pp.1160-1183. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2020.1730941.
- Tan‐Mullins, M., Eadie, P. and Atienza, M.E., 2021. Evolving social capital and networks in the post‐disaster rebuilding process: The case of Typhoon Yolanda. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 62(1), pp.56-71. https://doi.org/10.1111/apv.12268.
- Bryant, K. and Landman, T., 2020. Combatting human trafficking since Palermo: What do we know about what works? Journal of human trafficking, 6(2), pp.119-140. https://doi.org/10.1080/23322705.2020.1690097 .
- Sullivan, J. and Zhao, Y., 2021. Rappers as knights-errant: classic allusions in the mainstreaming of Chinese rap. Popular Music and Society, 44(3), pp.274-291. https://doi.org/10.1080/03007766.2019.1704476.
- Renz, B., 2019. Russian responses to the changing character of war. International Affairs, 95(4), pp.817-834. https://doi.org/10.1093/ia/iiz100.
- Walter, A.S. and van der Eijk, C., 2019. Unintended consequences of negative campaigning: Backlash and second-preference boost effects in a multi-party context. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 21(3), pp.612-629. https://doi.org/10.1177/1369148119842038.
- Daddow, O. and Hertner, I., 2021. Interpreting toxic masculinity in political parties: A framework for analysis. Party Politics, 27(4), pp.743-754. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068819887591.
- Daddow, O., 2019. GlobalBritain™: the discursive construction of Britain’s post-Brexit world role. Global Affairs, 5(1), pp.5-22. https://doi.org/10.1080/23340460.2019.1599297.
- Landman, T. and Silverman, B.W., 2019. Globalization and modern slavery. Politics and Governance, 7(4), pp.275-290. https://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v7i4.2233.
- Bieler, A., Jordan, J. and Morton, A.D., 2019. EU Aggregate Demand As a Way out of Crisis? Engaging the Post‐Keynesian Critique. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies, 57(4), pp.805-822. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcms.12843.
- Sullivan, J., 2019. The Coevolution of Media and Politics in Taiwan: Implications for Political Communications. International Journal of Taiwan Studies, 2(1), pp.85-110. https://doi.org/10.1163/24688800-00201005.
- Momesso, L. and Lee, C.Y., 2019. Nation, Migration, Identity: Learning from the Cross‐Strait Context. International Migration, 57(4), pp.218-231. https://doi.org/10.1111/imig.12576.
- Fielding, S., 2020. Socialist television drama, newspaper critics and the battle of ideas during the crisis of Britain’s post-war settlement. Twentieth Century British History, 31(2), pp.220-251. https://doi.org/10.1093/tcbh/hwz004.
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- Fulda, A., 2019. The emergence of citizen diplomacy in European Union–China relations: principles, pillars, pioneers, paradoxes. Diplomacy & Statecraft, 30(1), pp.188-216. https://doi.org/10.1080/09592296.2019.1557419.
- Eadie, P., 2019. Typhoon Yolanda and post‐disaster resilience: Problems and challenges. Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 60(1), pp.94-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/apv.12215.
- Walter, A.S. and Van der Eijk, C., 2019. Measures of Campaign Negativity: Comparing approaches and eliminating partisan bias. The International Journal of Press/Politics, 24(3), pp.363-382. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1940161219843404.
- Walter, A.S. and Redlawsk, D.P., 2019. Voters’ partisan responses to politicians’ immoral behavior. Political Psychology, 40(5), pp.1075-1097. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12582.
- McCabe, H., 2019. Navigating by the North Star: The role of the ‘ideal’in John Stuart Mill's view of ‘utopian’schemes and the possibilities of social transformation. Utilitas, 31(3), pp.291-309. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0953820819000074.