Centre for Research in Mathematics Education (CRME)
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Investigating Mathematical Attainment and Progress (IMAP)

The Low Attainment in Year 9 Project

Project information

Start date

September 2015

Principal Investigator

Professor Jeremy Hodgen

Project Staff

End date

August 2017


The Nuffield Foundation


Project website



Evidence from the Investigating Confidence and Competence in Algebra and Multiplicative Structures (ICCAMS) study indicates that the problem of low attainment is getting worse rather than better.

Investigating Mathematical Attainment and Progress: The Low Attainment in Year 9 Project (IMAP) is a collaboration between the University of Nottingham and colleagues at Durham University (Professor Robert Coe, Professor Steve Higgins, Dr Lee Copping) and King's College London (Professor Margaret Brown), which is designed to study this problem.

IMAP will develop a new test targeted at low attaining secondary students’ knowledge of number, multiplicative reasoning and algebra. We will use this, together with student and teachers interviews, to find out about the mathematics that low attaining secondary students understand and their particular strengths and weaknesses. We will also conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature about classroom strategies addressing low attainment in mathematics.

The project will provide evidence to inform policy and practice directed at narrowing the achievement gap in mathematics, improving the teaching of secondary low attainers, and informing the design of appropriate interventions.

For more information about the project please visit the dedicated website.

The Nuffield Foundation



Centre for Research in Mathematics Education

School of Education
University of Nottingham
Jubilee Campus
Nottingham, NG8 1BB

+44 (0)115 951 4543