Energy Efficient Buildings

Sustainable and Resilient Cities and Communities

Urban resilience involves change and adaptation in response to key interventions and the management of local capacities. Some of these interventions and capabilities are easily quantifiable, such as changes to infrastructure or new developments, while others can only be recognised over time and not always through the use of evident indicators.

Overview and objectives

Few tools to measure and encourage community resilience have been developed, mostly using either quantitative or qualitative methods. The research team at Nottingham University has been developing cross-disciplinary tools to understand the relationship between community assets and the levels and quality of social cohesion.


One strong aspect of this research is the role of community-based energy management schemes in supporting resilience and sustainability. Localised or distributed energy ownership, common in many European countries but rare in the UK, mostly due to existing policy framework, could be of great advantage for society.

From a grid perspective, it could lead to a reduction of voltage fluctuations, increased power quality and improved stability. From a customer perspective, it could help improve energy security, increase micro-generation self-consumption, reduce costs and fuel poverty. Distributed energy ownership can also give consumer behaviour a role in driving system efficiency and help develop social networks which could support both, infrastructure and social resilience.


The research aims on understanding the relationship between community assets and social cohesion through developing cross-disciplinary tools applied to existing communities and regeneration projects.

Research team


NAGHIYEV, E., GILLOTT, M. and WILSON, R., 2014.  Three unobtrusive domestic occupancy measurement technologies under qualitative review, Energy and Buildings. 69,507-514

CUCE, E, CUCE, P.M, WOOD, C.J and RIFFAT, S.B, 2014.  Toward aerogel based thermal superinsulation in buildings: A comprehensive review Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 34, Pages 273–299

HALL, M. R., CASEY, S. P., LOVEDAY, D. L. and GILLOTT, M., 2013.  Analysis of UK domestic building retrofit scenarios based on the E.ON Retrofit Research House using energetic hygrothermics simulation - Energy efficiency, indoor air quality, occupant comfort, and mould growth potential: Building and Environment Building and Environment. 70, 48-59

GILLOTT, M., RODRIGUES, L., SPATARU, C., 2010.  Low-carbon housing design informed by research. Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineering - Engineering Sustainability 163(2): 77 -87

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