You’ll examine aspects of language and compiler design by looking at the techniques and tools that are used to construct compilers for high level programming languages. Topics covered include: parsing; types and type systems; run-time organisation; memory management; code generation; and optimisation. You’ll spend around four hours each week in lectures and computer classes.
Collaboration and Communication Technologies
In this module, you will consider the design of collaboration and communication technologies used in a variety of different contexts including workplace, domestic and leisure environments. You will consider the basic principles of such technologies, explore the technologies from a social perspective, consider their impact on human behaviour and critically reflect on their design from a human-centred perspective.
Software Quality Management
Through a two hour lecture each week, you’ll be introduced to concepts and techniques for software testing and will be given an insight into the use of artificial and computational intelligence for automated software testing. You’ll also review recent industry trends on software quality assurance and testing.
Collaboration and Communication Technologies Development Project
You are given the opportunity to combine your developing CCT knowledge with your programming abilities. You have the whole semester to build a working collaborative project either individually, or you can opt to work in a team, and produce a report on how it supports collaboration according to CCT theory. The primary focus is on building a working application, and so existing strong programming ability is required.
Advanced Algorithms and Data Structures
You'll study the theory used in the design and analysis of advanced algorithms and data structures. Topics covered include string algorithms (such as for string matching, longest common subsequence), graph algorithms (such as for minimum cuts and maximum flows, and Google's pagerank algorithm), advanced data structures (such as Fibonacci heaps and Bloom filters), and randomised search heuristics (evolutionary algorithms). You'll learn all the necessary probability theory will be introduced, including random variables and concentration inequalities.
The theory is practiced in weekly labs where we learn how to implement the algorithms and data structures as functional and imperative programs (using the languages Haskell and C), and apply these to solve large instances of real-world problems.
Mobile Device Programming
You’ll look at the development of software applications for mobile devices, with a practical focus on the Android operating system. You’ll consider and use the software development environments for currently available platforms and the typical hardware architecture of mobile devices. You’ll spend around three hours per week in lectures and computer classes.
Advanced Computer Networks
This module will provide you with an advanced knowledge of computer communications networks, using examples from all-IP core telecommunications networks to illustrate aspects of transmission coding, error control, media access, internet protocols, routing, presentation coding, services and security.
The module will describe Software Defined Networks (SDNs) and provide examples of using them to enable very large scale complex network control. It will also provide advanced knowledge of various routing and query protocols in:
- Ad Hoc Networks
- Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs)
- Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks (VANETs)
- Disconnection/Disruption/Delay Tolerant Networks (DTNs)
- impact of new networking developments, such as security risks, ethics, interception and data protection will be reflected and discussed systematically
Autonomous Robotic Systems
This module introduces you to the computer science of robotics, giving you an understanding of the hardware and software principles appropriate for control and localisation of autonomous mobile robots. A significant part of the module is laboratory-based, utilising physical robotic hardware to reinforce the theoretical principles covered. You will cover a range of topics including basic behavioural control architectures, multi-source data aggregation, programming of multiple behaviours, capabilities and limitations of sensors and actuators, and filtering techniques.
Project in Advanced Algorithms and Data Structures
This project involves a self-guided study of a selected advanced algorithm or data structure. The outcome of the project is an analysis and implementation of the algorithm or data structure, as well as an empirical evaluation, preferably on a real-world data set of significant size.
Linear and Discrete Optimisation
This module provides an entry point to computational optimisation techniques, in particular for modelling and solving linear and discrete optimisation problems like diet optimisation, network flows, task assignment, scheduling, bin-packing, travelling salesmen, facility location, vehicle routing and related problems.
In this module, you will learn to interpret and develop algebraic models for a variety of real-world linear and discrete optimisation problems to then use powerful optimization software (linear, integer and mixed-integer solvers) to produce a solution.
The module covers topics such as:
- linear programming
- integer programming
- combinatorial optimisation
- modelling and optimisation software
- multi-objective optimisation
Optimisation technology is ubiquitous in today's world, for applications in logistics, finance, manufacturing, workforce planning, product selection, healthcare, and any other area where the limited resources must be used efficiently. Optimisation enables prescriptive analytics in order to support and automate decision-making.
Real-world Functional Programming
This module introduces tools, techniques, and theory needed for programming real-world applications functionally, with a particular emphasis on the inherent benefits of functional programming and strong typing for reuse, maintenance, concurrency, distribution, and high availability. These are all aspects that have contributed to the popularity of functional programming for demanding applications eg in the finance industry and have also had a significant impact on the design of many modern programming languages such as Java, C#, and Rust, and frameworks such as MapReduce and React.
Topics typically include functional design patterns, pure data structures, reactive programming, concurrency, frameworks for web/cloud programming, property-based testing, and embedded domain-specific languages. The medium of instruction is mainly Haskell, but other functional languages, for example, Erlang, may be used where appropriate and for a broader perspective.
If you wish to study some particular topic in scope of this module in more depth, you are encouraged to consider taking the module Real-world Functional Programming Project.
You’ll perform an individual project on a topic in computer science. You’ll produce a 15-25,000 word project report under the guidance of your supervisor, who you will meet with for an hour each week.
The topic can be any area of the subject which is of mutual interest to both the student and supervisor, but should involve a substantial software development component.
You’ll examine current techniques for the extraction of useful information about a physical situation from individual and sets of images.
You’ll cover a range of methods and applications, with particular emphasis being placed on the identification of objects, recovery of three-dimensional shape and motion, and the recognition of events.
You’ll learn how to implement some of these methods in the industry-standard programming environment MATLAB.
You’ll spend around three hours a week in lectures and laboratory sessions.
This module covers the history, development and state-of-the-art in computer games and technological entertainment.
You will gain an appreciation of the range of gaming applications available and be able to chart their emergence as a prevalent form of entertainment. You will study the fundamental principles of theoretical game design and how these can be applied to a variety of modern computer games.
In addition, you will study the development of games as complex software systems. Specific software design issues to be considered will include the software architecture of games, and the technical issues associated with networked and multiplayer games.
Finally, you will use appropriate software environments to individually develop a number of games to explore relevant theoretical design and practical implementation concepts.
You’ll examine the principles of 3D computer graphics, focusing on modelling the 3D world on the computer, projecting onto 2D display and rendering 2D display to give it realism.
Through weekly lectures and laboratory sessions, you’ll explore various methods and requirements in 3D computer graphics, balancing efficiency and realism.
Data Modelling and Analysis
This module will enable you to appreciate the range of data analysis problems that can be modelled computationally and a range of techniques that are suitable to analyse and solve those problems.
Topics covered include:
- basic statistics
- types of data
- data visualisation techniques
- data modelling
- data pre-processing methods including data imputation
- forecasting methods
- clustering and classification methods (decision trees, naīve bayes classifiers, k-nearest neighbours)
- data simulation
- model interpretation techniques to aid decision support
Spending around four hours each week in lectures and computer classes, appropriate software (eg. R, Weka) will be used to illustrate the topics you'll cover.
Fuzzy Logic and Fuzzy Systems
This module aims to provide a thorough understanding of fuzzy sets and systems from a theoretical and practical perspective.
Topics commonly include:
- type-1 fuzzy sets
- type-1 fuzzy logic systems
- type-1 fuzzy set based applications
- type-2 fuzzy sets
- type-2 fuzzy logic systems
- type-2 fuzzy set based applications.
You will also be exposed to some of the cutting-edge research topics in uncertain data and decision making, e.g., based on type-2 fuzzy logic as well as other fuzzy logic representations. You will develop practical systems and software in a suitable programming language.
This module focuses on the possibilities and challenges of interaction beyond the desktop. Exploring the 'mixed reality continuum' - a spectrum of emerging computing applications that runs from virtual reality (in which a user is immersed into a computer-generated virtual world) at one extreme, to ubiquitous computing (in which digital materials appear embedded into the everyday physical world - often referred to as the 'Internet of Things') at the other. In the middle of this continuum lie augmented reality and locative media in which the digital appears to be overlaid upon the physical world in different ways.
You will gain knowledge and hands-on experience of design and development with key technologies along this continuum, including working with both ubiquitous computing based sensor systems and locative media. You will learn about the Human-Computer Interaction challenges that need to be considered when creating mixed reality applications along with strategies for addressing them, so as to create compelling and reliable user experiences.
Simulation and Optimisation for Decision Support
This module offers insight into the applications of selected methods of decision support.
The foundations for applying these methods are derived from:
- Operations Research Simulation
- Social Simulation
- Data Science
- Automated Scheduling
- Decision Analysis
Throughout the module, you will become more competent in choosing and implementing the appropriate method for the particular problem at hand. You will spend five hours per week in lectures, workshops, and computer classes for this module.
Fundamentals of Information Visualisation
Information Visualisation is the process of extracting knowledge from complex data, and presenting it to a user in a manner that this appropriate to their needs. This module provides a foundational understanding of some important issues in information visualisation design. You will learn about the differences between scientific and creative approaches to constructing visualisations, and consider some important challenges such as the representation of ambiguous or time-based data. You will also learn about psychological theories that help explain how humans process information, and consider their relevance to the design of effective visualisations.
If you want to learn how to design and implement your own interactive information visualisation, you should also take the linked module G53IVP (Information Visualisation Project). Together, these two modules form an integrated 20 credit programme of study.
Information Visualisation Project
In this module you will gain practical experience of how to design and evaluate a distinctive interactive visualisation which presents information gathered from a complex and interesting data source.
You will gain experience in web-based technologies that enable the implementation of multi-layered and interactive information visualisations, supported through lab work that introduces specific features of these technologies.
Programs, Proofs and Types
This module focuses on some of the fundamental mathematical concepts that underlie modern programming and programming languages emphasizing the role of types. We will use a dependently typed programming language/interactive proof system (eg Agda) to implement some concepts on a computer.
Example topics include
- basic lambda calculus
- operational semantics
- domain theory
- types, propositions as types and formal verification.
You will engage in a mix of lectures and working in the lab with an interactive proof system.
You’ll begin by considering the attempts to characterise the problems that can theoretically be solved by physically-possible computational processes.
You’ll then consider the area of complexity theory, looking at whether or not problems can be solved under limitations on resources such as time or space. A key topic is an examination of the classes P and NP and the definition of the term NP-complete.
Students taking part in approved activities, such as running code clubs in schools, organising school computing activity days, or becoming active STEM ambassadors, may receive academic credit for demonstrating they have actively contributed to the development of younger students. Students will have undertaken an agreed number of hours on the activities, identified personal goals and targets in relation to these activities and maintained a reflective portfolio as a record of evidence of their competence and achievements. Students will only be able to register for this module with the approval of the convenor/school, once the material for assessment has been discussed.
Students taking part in activities relating to industrial experience in a computer science or software engineering enterprise may obtain academic credit for them. A full list of approved activities is available from the School Office. Activities will be related to demonstration of involvement in development of complex software in a team situation, subject to quality control procedures of an industrial or business practice. Evidence of working to and completing tasks relating to targets set by an employer and directly related to software development/programming will be required. Students will have undertaken an agreed number of hours on the activities, identified personal goals and targets in relation to these activities and maintained a reflective portfolio as a record of evidence of their competence and achievements. The nature of the activities undertaken will be subject to the approval of the module convenor before acceptance on the module.
Students taking part in activities relating to programming experience such as developing apps in their spare time, contributing to open source projects, or building things in hackathons may receive academic credit for showing they have experience and excellent development skills. The emphasis of this module is that you provide evidence of your significant extra-curricular software development experience. Students will only be able to register for this module with the approval of the convenor/school, once the material for assessment has been checked.
Designing Intelligent Agents
You’ll be given a basic introduction to the analysis and design of intelligent agents, software systems which perceive their environment and act in that environment in pursuit of their goals.
You’ll cover topics including:
- task environments
- reactive, deliberative and hybrid architectures for individual agents
- architectures and coordination mechanisms for multi-agent systems
You will spend around four hours each week in lectures and tutorials for this module.
Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
This module examines how knowledge can be represented symbolically and how it can be manipulated in an automated way by reasoning programs.
Some of the topics you’ll cover include:
- first order logic
- description logic
- default reasoning
- rule-based systems
- belief networks
This module is an introduction to the design of human-AI interaction to ensure the AI-driven systems we build are beneficial and useful to people.
The module will cover practical design topics including methods and techniques such as natural language processing and human-robot interaction. The module will also consider societal and theoretical concerns of human-AI interaction, including the ethics of AI, responsible innovation, trust, accountability and explainable AI.
The practical component of the module will involve building AI-driven systems that drive conversational experiences, such as a text-based ‘chatbots’ and speech-controlled services/ ‘skills’, involving automatic speech recognition and natural language processing.
This module looks at the practice of malware analysis, looking at how to analyse malicious software to understand how it works, how to identify it, and how to defeat or eliminate it.
You will look at how to set up a safe environment in which to analyse malware, as well as exploring both static and dynamic malware analysis. Although malware takes many forms, the focus of this module will primarily be on executable binaries. This will cover object file formats and the use of tools such as debuggers, virtual machines, and disassemblers to explore them. Obfuscation and packing schemes will be discussed, along with various issues related to Windows internals.
The module is practical with encouragement to safely practice the skills you're taught.
Big Data Learning and Technologies
This module will cover four main concepts.
It will start with an introduction to big data. You’ll find out about the main principles behind distributed/parallel systems with data intensive applications, identifying key challenges such as capture, store, search, analyse and visualise the data.
We’ll also look at SQL Databases verses NoSQL Databases. You will learn:
- the growing amounts of data
- the relational database management systems (RDBMS)
- an overview of Structured Query Languages (SQL)
- an introduction to NoSQL databases
- the difference between a relational DBMS and a NoSQL database
- how to identify the need to employ a NoSQL database
Another concept is big data frameworks and how to deal with big data. This includes the MapReduce programming model, as well as an overview of recent technologies (Hadoop ecosystem, and Apache Spark). Then, you will learn how to interact with the latest APIs of Apache Spark (RDDs, DataFrames and Datasets) to create distributed programs capable of dealing with big datasets (using Python and/or Scala).
Finally, we will cover the data mining and machine learning part of the course. This will include data preprocessing approaches, distributed machine learning algorithms and data stream algorithms. To do so, you will use the machine learning library of Apache Spark to understand how some machine learning algorithms can be deployed at a scale.
Providing you with an introduction to machine learning, pattern recognition, and data mining techniques, this module will enable you to consider both systems which are able to develop their own rules from trial-and-error experience to solve problems, as well as systems that find patterns in data without any supervision. In the latter case, data mining techniques will make the generation of new knowledge possible, including very big data sets. This is now fashionably termed 'big data' science.
You'll cover a range of topics including:
- machine learning foundations
- pattern recognition foundations
- artificial neural networks
- deep learning
- applications of machine learning
- data mining techniques and evaluating hypotheses