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Learning to work and working to learn in 2025
This Paper presents the Learnovation vision for 2025 within and around the world of work and combining features of formal, non-formal and informal learning, i.e.: Inter-organisational learning, e-Learning at the workplace and Professional learning networks. Such “territories” can be represented graphically according to their position in a continuum ranging from individual initiative to learn to coordinated organisational initiatives. This continuum reflects a great differentiation in e-learnin
Author(s): Dondi Claudio,Delrio Claudio,Aceto Stefania,Carnei

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Learning Individuals and Learning Communities: Informal Learning in 2025
This Paper presents the Learnovation vision within and around the area of informal learning, and more specifically it concerns three “eLearning territories”: individual development through e-Learning, nonprofessional learning communities, and communities generating learning as side effect. What these three territories have in common is that learning is not organised or structured, nor necessarily intentional from the learner’s perspective. A key assumption to understand the Learnovation Visio
Author(s): Riu Toni,Nascimbeni Fabio,Aceto Stefania

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E-safety and Web 2.0 for children aged 11-16
This paper reports findings from a survey and interviews with children aged 11–16 years, teachers and parents on their attitudes to e-safety in relation to social networking and media creation (Web 2.0) and their practices at school and at home. The results showed that 74% of the children surveyed have used social network (SN) sites and that a substantial minority regularly interact socially online with people they have not met face-to-face. Online interaction forms a different, although overla
Author(s): Sharples Mike,Graber Rebecca,Logan Kit,Harrison Co

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E-safety and Web 2.0 for children aged 11-16
This paper reports findings from a survey and interviews with children aged 11–16 years, teachers and parents on their attitudes to e-safety in relation to social networking and media creation (Web 2.0) and their practices at school and at home. The results showed that 74% of the children surveyed have used social network (SN) sites and that a substantial minority regularly interact socially online with people they have not met face-to-face. Online interaction forms a different, although overla
Author(s): Sharples Mike,Graber Rebecca,Logan Kit,Harrison Co

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Workshop White Paper - Education in the Wild: contextual and location-based mobile learning in actio
The workshop explored recent innovations into location-based, or geospatially-informed, contextual mobile learning, and issues arising from them. Location-based technologies offer opportunities for new forms of learning that engage more deeply with physical surroundings and support continuity of understanding across settings; they also pose technical difficulties of modelling and maintaining continuity of context, and ethical challenges including the right to privacy of location and escape from
Author(s): Brown Elizabeth J,Sharples Mike

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Knowledge management and learning in the organizational context
In the last decades, learning and knowledge have become key success factors for international competitiveness with the result that intangible and immaterial resources have overtaken physical and tangible assets in order of importance. The introduction of knowledge management (KM) practices and initiatives has provided companies with new opportunities to maximize the value of the knowledge they possess. It has helped as well to increase their capacity to learn and adapt quicker to the environment
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Gourova Elissaveta,Nikolov Roumen

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Towards an organisational model of ‘interface’ university structure as a means of serving Lifelong
The paper conceptualises on the experiences of the Centre of Information Society Technologies (CIST), Sofia University, Bulgaria, in serving the learning and training needs of non-university audiences who fall in situations that can be described as lifelong learning-determined. In developing this conceptualisation we use the research findings and policy agendas in two distinct areas – Lifelong Learning, and Higher Education Systems. More specifically we explore the organisational and management
Author(s): Mihnev Pencho,Nikolov Roumen

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A Study of the Response to Accountability and Standardized Testing in a State University System: Pre
This study was an investigation of the perceptions of university certification officers in teacher education in a state university system regarding university responses to accountability, standardized testing, predictive models, gatekeeping, and intervention strategies, and incorporates the issues of social justice and ethics. This study also includes the development of a predictive model to predict results on the Praxis II Elementary Education: Curriculum Instruction and Assessment (ELED:CIA) t
Author(s): Barton, Mary Lynn

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Building skills for the knowledge society
The present paper takes into account the skills sets needed for the knowledge society, and the focus on ICT and e-business skills, innovation and knowledge management in organizations. It highlights the related challenges for learning providers, and in particular for regularly updating the higher education curricula and programs according to the labor market needs. The paper outlines two practical examples for provision of up-to-date training. The first one is related to designing knowledge mana
Author(s): Gourova Elissaveta,Antonova Albena,Nikolov Roumen

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Transferring Kaleidoscope members' activities research into economic outcomes
The importance of research undertaken within academic and research organisations is widely recognized by governments, industries and diverse stakeholders. Indeed, the contribution of higher education in the generation of new ideas and knowledge, and as an economic driver, has probably never been as important. Nevertheless, universities face a rapidly changing environment shaped by pressure on funding, an emphasis on quality assurance and the increasing impact of globalisation, marketisation and
Author(s): Scodigor Eugène,Balacheff Nicolas,Boulé Jean-Mar

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Exploring Teachers’ Beliefs through Collaborative Journaling: A Qualitative Case Study of Japanese
This qualitative case study was implemented to describe, interpret, and document preservice EFL teachers’ learning processes through collaborative journaling and gained awareness for all participants (including myself as a participant-observer). Four preservice EFL teachers in Japan (two males and two females) participated in the study. At the time of the investigation, they were all undergraduate students studying in an EFL teacher education program at a Japanese university. To investigate th
Author(s): Nagamine, Toshinobu

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The Size Effect of School District on Fiscal Management, Administrative Leadership, and Student Achi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the size effect of school districts in rural Pennsylvania on fiscal management, administrative leadership, and student academic achievement. The data analyzed in this study is Pennsylvania System of School Assessment by Pennsylvania Department of Education and Common Core of Data by National Center for Educational Statistics. This study compared several indicators in each of those three areas between big and small rural school districts. Fiscal manage
Author(s): Gong, Yi

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Mathematical Reasoning in a Technological Environment
Dynamic geometry software has been accused of contributing to an empirical approach to school geometry. However, used appropriately it can provide students with a visually rich environment for conjecturing and proving. Year 8 students who were novices with regard to geometric proof were able to exploit the features of Cabri Geometry II to assist them in formulating and proving in the context of Cabri simulations of mechanical linkages.
Author(s): Vincent Jill

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Why Web 2.0 is Good for Learning and for Research: Principles and Prototypes
The term "Web 2.0" is used to describe applications that distinguish themselves from previous generations of software by a number of principles. Existing work shows that Web 2.0 applications can be successfully exploited for technology-enhance learning. However, in-depth analyses of the relationship between Web 2.0 technology on the one hand and teaching and learning on the other hand are still rare. In this article, we will analyze the technological principles of the Web 2.0 and describe thei
Author(s): Ullrich Carsten,Borau Kerstin,Luo Heng,Tan Xiaohon

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The distributed developmental network - d2n: a social configuration to support design pattern genera
DiSessa et al. (2004) conducted a comparative study of how research teams design, develop and evaluate TEL software, in the context of component-based educational programming. They identified the issue of the social configuration of the production team as “a critical family of issues that are easily marginalized” (p.117). These social configurations are loosely equivalent to what Activity Theorists refer to as the rules and division of labour (Engeström, 1987) in the activity system of TEL pr
Author(s): Winters Niall,Mor Yishay,Pratt Dave

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Ethics of Human Subject Research
Introduces students to the ethics of human subject research, including ethical theory and principles are introduced and followed by a brief history of research ethics.
Author(s): Holly Taylor

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the Johns Hopkins University and individual authors unless otherwise noted. JHSPH OpenCourseWare materials are licensed under a Creative Commons License

Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
Author(s): Tchetagni Josephine

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Learning in the Age of Ubiquitous Computing: Exploring the Impact of Mobile Technologies on Individu
This paper explores the emergence of a pervasive learning culture within the context of ubiquitous computing scenarios. Furthermore, this paper examines the impact of mobile technologies on collaborative learning and highlights the key characteristics of these phenomena.
Author(s): Kramer Mark A.M.,Mirlacher Thomas

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Virtual plants in high school informatics – L-systems
A creation of models is becoming an important part of informatics education besides algorithmization and programming. An appropriate example concerning use of computer science while modelling real world are the L-systems. In the paper we describe a proposal of teaching of plant’s growth modelling by the L-systems at a high school. Our goal is to help students to understand and try creation of plant’s model on the computer.
Author(s): Majherov Janka

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Remote Training via WEB for Operation and Maintenance of a Rain Monitoring Equipment using PHP and G
The aim of this paper is to present the development and implementation of an interactive environment via WEB for the training of non-centralized technician teams that work with the maintenance of ambient monitoring equipment. The case presented here is concerned to the network of Pluviologgers installed in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. The tools used for the construction of the WEB environment and, also, the requirements are detailed. The methodology and the techniques presented in this c
Author(s): Regis Adriano,Vieira Hamilton Justino,Ferreira Gol

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