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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following:

Maynard, T. ‘Encounters with Forest School and Foucault: A Risky Business
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6 Conclusion

At the beginning of this unit we recalled four views of development. The ‘grand theories’ reviewed here can be seen to capture elements of those views:

  • development as discipline – behaviourism;

  • development as experience – social learning theory;

  • development as ‘natural stages’ – constructivism;

  • development as interaction – social constructivism.

However, these theories
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

After you have studied this unit you should be able to:

  • describe the key features of behaviourist, social learning, constructivist and social constructivist theories of development;

  • evaluate critically these four theories;

  • illustrate their application to practical issues in child development.


Author(s): The Open University

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4.3.1 Child soldiers in Sierra Leone, Burma and Uganda

Figure 14
Figure 14 Child soldier with a gun in Sierra Leone.

Concern about child soldiers grew in the 1990s, with the conflict in Sierra Leone i
Author(s): The Open University

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