1.4 Subject knowledge

Subject knowledge is a critical factor at every point in the teaching process: in planning, assessing and diagnosing, task setting, questioning, explaining and giving feedback.

(Alexander et al., 1992, paragraph 77)

Subject knowledge, which lies at the heart of this course, comes in different forms. One well-known typology (Shulman, 1986) identifies three kinds:

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Exploring Greek vases
What can you learn about an archaic community from the art they created? Can the way in which their artefacts are displayed enhance the experience of viewing it? Very few remains still exist from Ancient Greek culture on the whole. However because of the durability of the material, pottery is a large part of the archaeological record from this period in Greece’s history, and as a result these vases have exerted a disproportionately large influence on our understanding of Greek society. These f
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2.5.4 Activités 30 et 31

Activité 30

Listen to people talking about dates in the French calendar. Note the dates of the events in the table below.

Écoutez et notez les dates:

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RVC 14 - VETAID - Helping small farmers in Africa
Have you ever been wondering if the efforts of Medecins Sans Frontieres in providing development and emergency aid to developing countries are matched by the veterinary profession? At least since Nick Short co-founded VETAID, the British daughter organisation of the European Veterinaires Sans Frontieres, vets from the UK have actively been trying to help the lives of thousands of Africans by helping them improve the health of the animals they live with. Listen to the podcast to find out more abo
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8.3 Worship in temples and street shrines

Apart from being intensely visible, participation in devotional practice at temples and festivals is extremely widespread within popular Hinduism. If we make allowance for regional and sectarian variations, we can gain some truly representative insights into a central preoccupation of living Hinduism. As in Section 6, I would like you to look
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand more about the science that underlies the development of genetically modified organisms and in particular how gene transfer is brought about

  • know something of the potential benefits and uncertainties associated with gene transfer and the high levels of technical ingenuity involved

  • understand more the science that underpins the development of Golden Rice and understand why the usefulness o
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The Graeco-Roman city of Paestum
What can archaeological remains tell us about early cities and the people who lived in them? This album examines the important remains of one city, Poseidonia in Italy, founded towards the end of the 7th century BCE by colonists from the Greek city of Sybaris. Although only twenty-five per cent of the site has been excavated to date, much of its history and culture can be traced through its buildings, inscriptions, and decoration. After it became a colony of Rome in 273 BCE, it became known a
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4.2.2 The significance of the average energy

The average thermal energy of the atoms in a solid indicates how much they are 'rattling' or vibrating around their mean positions. Since the atoms are close together, virtually touching, and because atoms are almost incompressible, they cannot get much closer. But they can get further apart. So, since thermal energy is manifested in the vibrations of the atoms, bigger vibrations mean that the atoms must spend more time further apart. On average then, there is a tendency for a solid to expand
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Michio Kaku Explains Why He Is No Longer A Climate Change Denier Global Warming Is Real
This is an excellent discussion from a scientist. (04:55)
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SAT Prep: Test 4, Section 8, Part 1
Students, improve your math SAT score! The instructor uses an electronic chalkboard to model problems.  This video is appropriate for high school students. Uses a textbook (the official SAT study guide) commonly found in bookstores, but it is not absolutely necessary as the narrator does all work on the screen.
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Bush vs. Gore and the Electoral College
Learn more about the 2000 presidential election and electoral problems in this short video. Flordia and the tally problems is mentioned and the decision by the Supreme Court.
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Story of the World- The Middle Ages-Japanese Knights
This spirited reading of author Susan Wise Bauer's Story of
the World history series brings to life the stories and records of the
peoples of ancient times.  This chapter is about Japanese Knights.

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Wuthering Heights: Context
This video examines the context of Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë.  Wuthering Heights is a tale of passion, a tale of
extremes. Published in 1847, a year before Brontë's death, it was not
received well by the critics of the time, yet today we see it as one of
the great Romantic classics. When reading Wuthering Heights we need

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Roof Types
Architectural Elements: Roof Types
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Rights not set

17.508 The Rise and Fall of Democracy/ Regime Change (MIT)
Coups, civil wars, revolutions, and peaceful transitions are the "real stuff" of political science. They show us why politics matters, and they highlight the consequences of political choices in times of institutional crisis. This course will help you understand why democracies emerge and why they die, from ancient times to the recent wave of democratization in Southern Europe, Eastern Europe, and the developing world. Few things are more dramatic than the collapse of a political system, whether
Author(s): Lawson, Chappell

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C

1. A powerful force for perception and understanding

‘Imagery is a powerful force for perception and understanding. Being able to “see” something mentally is a common metaphor for understanding it. An image may be of some geometrical shape, or of a graph or diagram, or it may be some set of symbols or some procedure.’

(Open University, 1988, p. 10)

This course uses the word visualisation synonymously with mental imagery. It happens as
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Video Tip of the Week: ScienceSeeker for science blogging
By: OpenHelix Learn how you can join the ScienceSeeker blog network to communicate about science, including special ways to highlight posts you've done on peer-reviewed publications. More details here: http://blog.openhelix.eu/?p=12676
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Digital sales won't cannibalize print media: Hearst's Carey
Hearst Magazines president David Carey plans on growing digital subscribers to one million in 2012.
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Specific Heat Capacity And Latent Heat Practice Questions
The learning objective in this clip is to practice using specific heat capacity and latent heat formulas in the same question.  Several examples are explained and solved on the screen. (9:22)

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand observation as a research method

  • reflect on an experience of research studies with children which use observation as a data collection tool

  • understand the difference between a quantitative and qualitative approach to research

  • distinguish between describing and explaining in a research study.


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