1.2 Habitudes et projets

What do people normally do on 14 July? And this year, will they all enjoy the celebrations or will some of them have good reasons for not getting involved?

Activité 5 Le quatorze juillet – Habitudes et projets

Reg
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Introduction

The current political agenda requires service users' views to be incorporated into the design of health and social care services (Department of Health, 2006). Services are assessed by the quality of the outcomes they provide for users. Frontline managers are responsible for gathering service user views on their needs. Whose views should be taken into account? How do managers gather views? This course helps you consider ways of getting feedback from service users, and shows the inclusive appro
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1. Introducing diversity and difference

This course focuses on issues of difference and diversity in a specific sense. Rather than analysing diversity in terms of kinds of communication and relationships, the focus here shifts to diversity in terms the people involved in interactions in care settings. Again, it is simple common sense to state that ‘good’ communication in health and social care services involves acknowledging and responding to the diverse needs and backgrounds of everyone involved, whether service
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7.3 Other kinds of help

Diane said that Paul and Stanley helped her with dog minding, gardening, shopping and other jobs around the house. Sometimes they bought her presents.

John said that what he got from Mr Asghar was the reliability of long-term friendship, advice and support through his various recent problems.

Enid mentioned help from relatives and friends, whom she had come to rely on.

At home, Sarah got help from her mother, who was also disabled. She also got help from other students in he
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7.1 Payments received

Diane Mallett said she didn't get any payment, though she used to get Invalid Care Allowance (ICA) when her mother-in-law was alive. Her brother-in-law, Paul, only got the lower level of Disablility Living Allowance. Diane pointed out that, if he'd been assessed before she intervened, he might have got a higher amount. John Avery said that Mr Asghar got Attendance Allowance. He thought he wouldn't be able to get Invalid Care Allowance, as this would affect his benefits.

Enid Francis' so
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6 Audio clip 5: Alex Zinga

Figure 4: Alex Zinga

At the time of the intervi
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand that people who give and receive help and support depend on a mix of paid and unpaid sources.


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Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Couse image: Val D'Aquila in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The content acknowledg
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7 Moving to a positive paradigm

Aaron Antonovsky (1984) has called the emphasis on illness and disease the pathogenic paradigm and has stated that this disease-focused paradigm has dominated our healthcare system. He claims that there are five important consequences of this domination:

  1. ‘We have come to think dichotomously about people, classifying them as either healthy or diseased’ (p. 115). Those categorised as ‘healthy’ are normal, those categorised as non-healthy or ‘di
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3.4 Type

To improve aerobic fitness the ACSM recommends exercise that employs large muscle groups, is rhythmic or dynamic, can be maintained continuously and is aerobic in nature (Garber et al., 2011). This type of exercise results in larger increases in aerobic fitness. Activities that would fit into this category include walking, running, swimming and cycling. This again depends upon the level of the individual and their goals and demands of their activity or sport.

Frequency, intensity, time
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3.8 The centrality of consent

In the last 30 years there has been a strong move away from paternalism towards an emphasis on users' rights and involvement in the decision-making process. Nowadays, few users would accept treatment without knowing what it was or a health carer who withholds information about other treatment options. The importance of involving the user is exemplified by the need for practitioners to gain informed consent. This need to gain consent is enshrined in law, as well as being a central aspec
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions). This content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence.

Couse image: B
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3.2 Migrations of life

As biologist and pioneer environmentalist Rachel Carson once wrote: ‘the stocking of the islands has been accomplished by the strangest migration in earth's history – a migration that began long before man appeared on earth and is still continuing’ (Carson, 1953, p. 66). Austronesian voyagers may have been the first people to venture far into open water, but many other species, as Carson suggests, have also found ways of negotiating passages across the ocean. Arriving at pockets of land
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2.5 Living systems and information flows

Understanding the role of information flows in feedback relationships is often confusing. It is relatively easy to visualise flows of energy and matter (ecosystem food webs, water flowing through a rainforest ecosystem, etc). But how does information ‘flow’ within feedback loops, and how does this affect systems?

The first point to make clear is that information is only meaningful to those systems that can perceive it. In other words, these systems need to have components th
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1.1 Aim

This free course introduces you to the proposition that our mental models change through learning, and that the main
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7.2.3 Chemical composition

As outlined in Table 2, some deposition techniques are best suited to conducting materials, whereas others come into their own only for chemical compounds. In either case, chemical composition may be an important consideration. Impurities can interfere with the conduction properties of the material (notably in
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3.3 Spider silk

The presence of regions of helical and sheet-like structures within a protein will affect its properties in different ways: a particularly striking example of this is provided by spider silk.

Imagine a polymer that forms fibres stronger, by mass, than steel and can be processed from water at ambient temperature and low pressure. As a consequence of its biological origin, it is extremely environmentally friendly and totally recyclable. It may sound like science fiction, but this i
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12.2 Technology push

The technology push model is a simple linear model that suggests that the innovation process starts with an idea or a discovery – it is sometimes called ‘idea push’ (Figure 51). Sometimes this is by a creative individual who has the knowledge and imagination to realise its
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4.1 An explanation

I will now elaborate on my answer from Exercise 1. I'm doing this because my internet search revealed more than I've written in the above answer, and to show that the invention of the telephone and its use by consumers is not as plain and simple as you may think. You were not expec
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References

Bignell, V. and Fortune, J. (1984) Understanding Systems Failures, Manchester, Manchester University Press.
Buzan, A. (1974) Use Your Head, London, BBC Publications.
Checkland, P. (1981) Systems Thinking, Systems Practice, London, Wiley.
Fisher, W. and Hudson, J. (1997) Using diagrams – a diagram , unpubli
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