The Diffusion of the Renaissance (Christian Humanism)
This video describes the emergence of the Renaissance in Italy in the introduction. Then the video proceeds to discuss the growth and causes of the Northern European Renaissance.
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4.1 Introduction

Nuclear power generation involves concentrated fissionable fuels which, after fission, leave significant quantities of fission-product isotopes, some of which are highly radioactive. Much of the criticism levelled against the industry falls under four main headings to which we have alluded in preceding sections:

  1. the operational safety of nuclear reactors;

  2. the biological effects of abnormal radiation levels arising from fuel transport,
    Author(s): The Open University

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5.3 Mitochondrial adaptations

During the winter months, whilst hibernating vertebrates maintain a very low metabolic rate, major reorganization of mitochondrial metabolism occurs. The phenomenon has been studied in some detail in frogs which, although not hibernators in the true sense, can endure very low water temperatures under the conditions of profound hypoxia that exist when they lie dormant for long periods below the surface. In contrast to normoxic conditions, the muscle mitochondria of dormant frogs depress their
Author(s): The Open University

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STS.011 American Science: Ethical Conflicts and Political Choices (MIT)
We will explore the changing political choices and ethical dilemmas of American scientists from the atomic scientists of World War II to biologists in the present wrestling with the questions raised by cloning and other biotechnologies. As well as asking how we would behave if confronted with the same choices, we will try to understand the choices scientists have made by seeing them in their historical and political contexts. Some of the topics covered include: the original development of nuclea
Author(s): Foley, Brendan

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2.3 Environmental regulation of breeding

As pointed out in Section 1.1, primary plant productivity occurs for only a few months in the summer, so the reproductive physiology of most arctic animals, particularly herbivorous species, is tightly synchronized with the seasons. On Svalbard (Figure 2b), more than 90% of the reindeer fawns are born in the first week of J
Author(s): The Open University

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Romanticism in the American Short Story
Power point presentation about Romanticism in the American short story. This presentation explains the literary movement known as romanticism and authors such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Edgar Allan Poe, and Washington Irving from that era. 
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HST.722J Brain Mechanisms for Hearing and Speech (MIT)
An advanced course covering anatomical, physiological, behavioral, and computational studies of the central nervous system relevant to speech and hearing. Students learn primarily by discussions of scientific papers on topics of current interest. Recent topics include cell types and neural circuits in the auditory brainstem, organization and processing in the auditory cortex, auditory reflexes and descending systems, functional imaging of the human auditory system, quantitative methods for relat
Author(s): Delgutte, Bertrand,Caplan, David N.,Guenther, Fran

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2.3.2 Fast breeder reactors

If fast neutrons produced in the chain reactions are not moderated or absorbed, the rate of conversion of uranium-238 into plutonium-239 (Equation 3) can exceed the fission rate of plutonium-239. Reactors that use fast neutrons in this way are called fast breeder reactors.

Their main fuel is
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3.2 Uranium occurrence and ore deposits

In igneous rocks, uranium is more abundant in granites (~3.5 ppm) than in basalts (~1 ppm). The large size of the uranium atom prevents it from easily entering the structures of common rock-forming minerals, so it is an incompatible element that tends to remain in magmas until a late stage of crystallisation, when it enters minor minerals, or even the uranium oxide, uraninite (UO2). In suitable circumstances, following fractional crystallisation of uranium-rich granitic magm
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2010 Kohn Lecture Series - Cell cycle control
2010 Kohn Lecture Series - Cell cycle control
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Virtual Maths, Shapes, Space and Measure, Demonstration of a Theodolite Survey in action
Using a theodolite to calculate the height of a building, demonstration 'in the field', includes interactive simulation tools and formulae
Author(s): Leeds Metropolitan University

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • explain the meanings of the newly defined (emboldened) terms and symbols, and use them appropriately

  • distinguish between perfect conduction and perfect diamagnetism, and give a qualitative description of the Meissner effect

  • explain how observation of a persistent current can be used to estimate an upper limit on the resistivity of a superconductor, and perform calculations related to such estimates<
    Author(s): The Open University

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4.4 Reducing nutrient availability

Once nutrients are in an ecosystem, it is usually much harder and more expensive to remove them than tackle the eutrophication at source. The main methods available are:

  • precipitation (e.g. treatment with a solution of aluminium or ferrous salt to precipitate phosphates);

  • removal of nutrient-enriched sediments, for example by mud pumping; and

  • removal of biomass (e.g. harvesting of common reed) and using it for thatching or
    Author(s): The Open University

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SEM image of open cell polyurethane foam
If a gas is injected into a liquid it forms a cellular foam structure. When a thermoset prepolymer of low viscosity is foamed, the polymer can drain from the cell walls (driven by surface tension) before it sets at the cell edges, leaving an open-celled foam. The cell edges have three concave sides, giving rise to the tri-cuspid cross section visible at the bottom of this image. The average co-ordination number for the nodes (where struts meet) is four, giving tetrahedral junctions.
Author(s): DoITPoMS, University of Cambridge,J A Curran, Depa

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7.8 Summary of Section 7

This section has sought to illustrate the formation of connections between neurons and their targets by exploring a few examples. The picture that emerges is one of cells at different stages of development subjected to a vast array of signals. These signals are the medium through which environmental factors exert their effects. To some of these signals, some cells respond; to other signals, other cells respond. What a cell, a neuroblast, a growth cone actually does is dependent on the combina
Author(s): The Open University

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18.417 Introduction to Computational Molecular Biology (MIT)
This course introduces the basic computational methods used to understand the cell on a molecular level. It covers subjects such as the sequence alignment algorithms: dynamic programming, hashing, suffix trees, and Gibbs sampling. Furthermore, it focuses on computational approaches to: genetic and physical mapping; genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation; RNA expression and secondary structure; protein structure and folding; and molecular interactions and dynamics.
Author(s): Lippert, Ross

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20.440 Analysis of Biological Networks (BE.440) (MIT)
This class analyzes complex biological processes from the molecular, cellular, extracellular, and organ levels of hierarchy. Emphasis is placed on the basic biochemical and biophysical principles that govern these processes. Examples of processes to be studied include chemotaxis, the fixation of nitrogen into organic biological molecules, growth factor and hormone mediated signaling cascades, and signaling cascades leading to cell death in response to DNA damage. In each case, the availability o
Author(s): Essigmann, John,Sasisekharan, Ram

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2 Odd one out

The image below shows models of four mammals:

  • Rhinoceros

  • Whale

  • Elephant

  • Hippopotamus

Figure 1
Author(s): The Open University

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6.1 Basic isotropy

As we have said, the photons in the 3 K background have been practically free from interaction with anything since about 4 × 105 years after the instant of the big bang. The present angular distribution of the microwave radiation – the way in which it is spread across the sky – is therefore almost the same as it was then. The spectrum we find today depends on the temperatures at that time – for the intensity of the radiation in a particular region of the early Unive
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Socially Responsible Investing
The Center for Leadership Ethics presented the 2014 Executive Ethics Symposium August 29, 2014 at The Lodge on the Desert
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