4.3 Managing projects and project teams

Projects take place within organisations whose structures, philosophies and cultures affect how work is planned and carried out. I shall briefly discuss organisations and how they go about planning as they relate to projects. Projects also exist within a social environment consisting of people who are affected by and have an influence on the outcome of projects.


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1.5.1 A true community of Europeans?

Ray Hudson (Hudson and Williams, 1999) has maintained that the formation of a true community of Europeans is important and desirable, and that it will not follow automatically from the converging of linguistic and cultural practices. It is difficult to envisage the disappearance of national differences, though they may be less pronounced in the future. What seems to be clear for Hudson is that only by looking at the future can a European identity be created; the past, unless highly sanitised,
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Elephants AA098723

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London Zoo, Regents Park, Greater London. Elephants seen through a gap in a wall.
© Historic England


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4.2.6 Getting agreement to the chosen solution

It is important to establish consensus as far as possible within the project team on the best solution, and to record your decision. Depending on your reporting arrangements and the severity of the problem, you may then need to prepare a formal report with recommendations for action and take it to the project sponsor(s) for agreement. Solutions have to be ‘sold’ to ensure that they are acceptable.


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5.3 Moving towards a sustainable carbon footprint

So far, you've been considering reductions in average individual or household carbon footprints by 20% to 30% or more.

But it is becoming increasingly clear that this will not be enough. As I mentioned in Section 4, developed countries, like Britain, Germany and America, will have to reduce their CO2e emissions by 60% to 80% or more by 2050 to prevent climate change running out of control, while at the same time allowing the growing populations of Africa, India and China to r
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References

Durodié, B. (2002, April 12). ‘Why I think a dialogue with the public will undermine science’, The Times Higher Education Supplement, p. 16.
Gibbons, M. (1999). Science’s new social contract with society, Nature, 402 (Supp.), pp. C81-84.
Holliman, R. (2005). ‘An introduction to communicating science’. STM895 Postgraduate skills in science, technolog
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8.1 Introduction

Etching is central to all forms of micro-device production, from microelectronics and memory through to microsystems technology. Although materials, geometries and feature sizes vary widely, etch processes have a few common features and requirements:

  • Etching acts by converting solid material into a gas or a liquid that can be pumped or flushed away.

  • It is usually restricted to the openings in a lithographically defined mask, and since th
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2.1 Light sources and detectors

The basic building blocks of an optical-fibre link are the light source, the fibre and the detector (Figure 1).

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EN-3. The microbiota we host: a limited but specific ecosystem (Vidéo)

Bernard Swynghedauw comes back to the microbiota we host, that is the bacterial life we coexist and coevolve with. He evidences its distribution inside our organism, some factors which are responsible for its evolution, and he evokes its relation with several kinds of illnesses.


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Water Treatment
Do you think about where your water comes from? In the UK each of us uses an average of about 150 litres of water per day! The seven video tracks in this album consider issues of demand and quality in water supply as well as treatment processes. They give information on methods of minimising waste, emergency water treatment and effluent control. This material forms part of T308 Environmental monitoring, modelling and control.Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

The crisis of global capitalism: towards a new economic culture?
Manuel Castells draws on arguments from his book Communication Power in discussing the structural causes and implications of the 2008 economic crisis, and in claiming that we are moving, without much understanding, towards a new form of global capitalism. The global crisis of capitalism that exploded in the Fall of 2008 is the most serious economic crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It is rooted in the volatility of interdependent global financial markets resulting from deregulation
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A John Waters Christmas
Susan Wallner talks with filmmaker John Waters (“Pink Flamingos,” “Hairspray”) about his one-man paean to Christmas. Although some call him anti-Christmas, Waters himself says he loves the holiday, and describes his show as a self-help session for the neurotic during what can be a stressful time of year.
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Is South Africa Facing More Economic Trouble Ahead?
Hopes have receded for a steady recovery of South Africa’s fragile economy with the downgrade earlier this month of the country’s credit rating to junk status.
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6.4 Blogs

The founder of Technorati claims that the number of 'blogs' doubles every five months and that the creation rate is approaching two per second. One estimate I read in July 2010 put the number at 400 million blogs. Because these online diaries offer instant publishing opportunities, you potentially have access to a wealth of knowledge from commentators and experts (if they blog) in a
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Scooby-Doo Explains Participles and Participial Phrases
This is a video created for the classroom to introduce participles and participial phrases.  Scooby-Doo clips are shown to introduce participles and participial phrases.  Past participles endings and present participle endings are discussed. (02:05)

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Conclusion

This free course, An introduction to law in contemporary Scotland, provided an introduction to studying Law. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.

This OpenLearn course provides a sample of level 1 study in Law.


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5.1 Introduction

In this section, I shall explore the features of the contextualising (systems-methods) ball – the C ball. I will make a distinction between systemic and systematic thinking and action and I will argue that the aware systems practitioner has more choices than the practitioner who is not aware.

An aware practitioner is able to contextualise a diverse array of methods at their disposal creating an opportunity for a greater range of advantageous changes in the ‘real world’ situation.
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Former clerk and Vanderbilt law professor talks about legacy of Justice Antonin Scalia
Vanderbilt Law School professor Brian Fitzpatrick, who clerked for the late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, discusses the man and how the conservative justice revolutionized a movement in the Supreme Court in terms of how cases are analyzed and debated.
Author(s): Amy Wolf

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Relationships and the Internet
This forum looks at the state of the art of academic research on relationships and the Internet and how this research informs research on the social aspects of the Internet in general, such as issues of trust and identity. Research on the role of the Internet in meeting new people is an increasingly vital area of inquiry, and is illustrated by a burgeoning literature on such topics as online dating. However, the Internet may shape many other aspects of relationships beyond introducing individual
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'That's really cool... now what?'
Graham Page, Executive VP Global Solutions for Millward Brown looks at the future for neuroscience in consumer research. Incorporating EEG, eye-tracking and cognitive psychology.
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