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6.5 Bills and the Scottish Parliament

Bills in the Scottish Parliament are very similar, in terms of layout, structure and the conventions of legislative drafting, to Bills of the UK Parliament. This is primarily because the Acts of the Scottish Parliament (ASPs) to which they are intended to give rise form part of the UK ‘statute book’ alongside existing statute law.

The stages of a Bill through the Scottish Parliament will depend on a number of factors, as not all Bills follow the same process. The difference between
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5.3 Summary of Part D

After studying Part D you should be able to:

  • explain the difficulties of interpreting written statements;

  • explain what is meant by indeterminacy;

  • explain what is meant by interpretive strategies;

  • describe the literal approach to interpretation;

  • describe the approach to interpretation which seeks to avoid absurdity;

  • describe the approach to interpretation which looks t
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5.2.3 Looking at the intention of the rule-maker

To resolve these problems, a rule-applier may adopt a yet broader interpretive strategy. This involves attempting to work out what the intention of the rule-maker was when the rule was formulated. In other words, it means going beyond or outside the language of the rule itself. In the context of a statute (i.e. an Act of Parliament), this may involve the rule-applier (the judge) looking at the law that existed before the statute was enacted and working out what the problem with that la
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5.2.1 A literal approach

One way in which we can interpret a rule is by treating it literally. Very simply this means looking at the words which comprise the rule, and at the way in which they are put together, and applying the rule ‘as is’ to a factual situation to which it applies. An example would be: ‘Dog owners are not permitted to let their dogs off the lead in the park’. If this is applied literally, it would mean that a person who did not own a dog, but who took a friend's dog to the park, would not b
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4.1 Introduction

We have looked at the way in which policy informs the development of rules, and you have had an opportunity to develop your reasoning skills by applying your understanding of a set of rules to some factual situations. One of the issues which came out of Part B was that sometimes in applying rules the language in which the rules are written makes it difficult to know exactly what is meant. In Part C we will be looking at this problem in a little more detail. In particular, we will be looking a
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3.4 Summary of Part B

After studying Part B you should be able to:

  • describe the relevance of policy for rule making;

  • recognise differing reactions to Ireland's ban on smoking in the workplace;

  • demonstrate/explain the implications of the rules governing Ireland's ban on smoking in the workplace.


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3.4 Did I make a rough estimate to act as a check?

When using a calculator many people have ‘blind faith’ in its capacity to provide the correct result.

Calculators invariably provide the co
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions). This content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this Unit:

Ficure 2: Crown copyright
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1.3.4: Calculating means using frequencies and calculating weighted means

In some situations, various values in the batch get repeated (there may be a limited number of different values that can occur, for example). It can be simpler to group the data and record the number of times with which each different value occurs. The number is called the frequency. The following example explores this possibility and comes up with an equivalent formula for calculating the mean of the batch.

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9 Subtracting small numbers

If you want to subtract without using a calculator, you need to know off by heart what you get if you subtract any number up to 10 from any bigger number up to 20. All the possible combinations are shown in the table below.

Figure 15
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5.6 Stages of an Executive Bill

To provide a flavour of the consideration of Bills, we will now look at the stages of an Executive Bill.

One of the unique features of the Scottish Parliament is its openness. There are processes for wide consultation, an open evidence process at committees, the ability of the public and interested parties to liaise directly with MSPs, and the ability to lobby for amendments to a Bill. For all these things the Scottish Parliament has received international recognition.

An Executiv
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