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2007 COSAL: Prose Reading: Salma (video)

Author(s): The Center for International Studies at the Univer

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"Crime and Responsibility: War, Indiscriminate Bombing, and Mass Killing" (video)
tanaka book coverA talk by Yuki Tanaka, Professor at the Hiroshima Peace Institute. Dr. Tanaka examines the question of the criminality of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the responsibility of American political and military leaders who were closely involved in the decision-making and execution of the order to drop the bombs. Criminality is examined in ac
Author(s): The Center for International Studies at the Univer

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From eLearning to eUniversity
This paper analyses the specifics and the tendencies in building the knowledge society as well as the role of the universities in this process. Some European policies and programs dedicated to the new role of the universities in realizing the Lisbon Strategy are analysed as well. It is emphasized on the importance of integration of the ‘knowledge triangle’ (education, research and innovation) into a research university and on the urgent need to re-design the university activities according to
Author(s): Nikolov Roumen

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Favoriser l’intérêt des filles pour la génétique par l’investigation
Depuis plusieurs années, il a été remarqué un désintérêt des jeunes en général, et en particulier des filles, pour les sciences. Cet état de fait est un des critère pris en compte pour concevoir une séquence d’enseignement visant l’apprentissage de la structure de l’ADN et la notion de mutations, en classe de seconde. La séquence sera développée dans le cadre du projet européen SCY (Science Created by You), dont l’objectif est de créer des situations d’investigations suppor
Author(s): Chapel Gwendaël,Marzin Patricia,Ney Muriel,d'Ham

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Evaluate the interactive and reusable service in adaptive on demand applications
In this paper, the researcher based on the open platforms and tools for personalized learning idea, with the “ Interactive & reusable” function in UI design model, directly dealing with Knowledge on demand (KOD) service from the aspect-oriented and object-oriented issue. Moreover, to propose the KOD combine with VOD (Video on Demand); AOD (Audio on Demand); COD (Course on Demand) and IOD (Information on Demand in Global index searching) in diversity of hypermedia metadata.
Author(s): Hwang Chyi-Wen

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Towards a multidimensional model for learning objects and learners
This paper presents a multi-dimensional learning style model and a system specification to automatically generate adaptive courses using the aspect oriented technique.
Author(s): Elferchichi Anis,Ben Alaya Noura,Ben Ahmed Mohamed

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Surmonter l’interférence culturelle et linguistique à l’aide de CALL
This research project aims to design a CALL system (Computer-Assisted Language Learning). The goal of the system is to help users overcome cross-linguistic difficulties, that is to say, transfer and interference stemming from a native language (L1) in the process of acquiring a second or foreign language (L2). It is built following an ontological engineering methodology, which is well-known in the artificial intelligence community. In this article, we describe what is cross-linguistic influence,
Author(s): Allard Daniele,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacquel

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Model-based Design of Activity Spaces for Collaborative Problem Solving and Learning
It is investigated how the design of external representations, namely, concept maps, can be based on a simulation model, how model-based concept maps can be utilized in an instructional and collaborative problem solving setting and how they can be taken advantage of in a computerized environment for collaborative problem solving and learning. With respect to the first goal, we made use of a cognitive simulation model to develop two instructional units. One unit teaches qualitative aspects of cla
Author(s): Ploetzner Rolf,Hoppe Ulrich,Fehse Eric,Nolte Chris

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Un modèle informatique de scénario fondé sur des pratiques réelles d'enseignement et une théori
La conception de scénarios pour un EIAH nécessite la mise en oeuvre de théories didactiques, de pratiques réelles, de modèles et de théories informatiques afin de prendre en compte les contraintes didactiques nécessaire à la modélisation de scénarios d'apprentissage. La modélisation de scénario devient ainsi une problématique pluridisciplinaire. La contribution principale de cet article est de proposer un modèle informatique de scénarios prenant effectivement en compte des contrai
Author(s): Tetchueng Jean Louis,Garlatti Serge,Laubé Sylvain

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Elaborating new arguments through a CSCL scenario
The CSCL community faces two main challenges with respect to learning and argumentation. The scientific challenge is to understand how argumentation produces learning, that is to discover which cognitive mechanisms, triggered by argumentative interactions, generate new knowledge and in which conditions. The engineering challenge is to determine how to trigger productive argumentation among students. These two challenges are often investigated in parallel, but this contribution focuses on the lat
Author(s): Jermann Patrick,Dillenbourg Pierre

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Learning to collaborate: Designing collaboration in a 3-D game environment
To respond to learning needs, Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) must provide instructional support. The particular focus of this paper is on designing collaboration in a 3-D virtual game environment intended to make learning more effective by promoting student opportunities for interaction. The empirical experiment eScape, which encourages learners to solve problems collaboratively, is also presented. eScape is a design experiment, comprising both the process of designing a collab
Author(s): Hämäläinen Raija,Manninen Tony,Järvelä Sanna,

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Flexibility in macro-scripts for computer-supported collaborative learning
In the field of computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL), scripts are designed to support collaboration among distant learners or co-present learners whose interactions are (at least partially) mediated by a computer. The rationale of scripts is to structure collaborative learning processes in order to trigger group interactions that may be rare in free collaboration. Fixing the degree of coercion is a delicate design choice: too rigid scripts would spoil the richness of collaborative in
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre,Tchounikine Pierre

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Designing integrative scripts
Scripts structure the collaborative learning process by constraining interactions, defining a sequence of activities and specifying individual roles. Scripts aim at increasing the probability that collaboration triggers knowledge generative interactions such as conflict resolution, explanation or mutual regulation. Integrative scripts are not bound to collaboration in small groups but include individual activities and class-wide activities. These pre- and poststructuring activities form the dida
Author(s): Dillenbourg Pierre,Jermann Patrick

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Shared conceptualisations in weblogs
In this paper we investigate how conceptualisations can be identified in weblogs using language technology (automated text analysis). We focus on getting a handle on both the concepts bloggers use and the way they think these concepts are related. The analysis of these conceptualisations can then be applied to a single weblog, resulting in a visualisation of potential conceptualisations the blogger wants to share with the outside world. Another type of analysis is to determine the overlap, or sh
Author(s): Anjewierden Anjo,Brussee Rogier,Efimova Lilia

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Rôle des ontologies en ingénierie des EIAH : cas d’un système d’assistance au design pédagogiq
The thesis illustrates the role that Ontological Engineering (OE) can play in the design of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) for supporting learning/instructional designers and environments.,Ph. D. Thesis in cognitive informatics, Department of computer sciences, Unversité du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), Canada
Author(s): Psyché Valéry

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Améliorer un dispositif pédagogique par l'intégration de nouveaux canaux de communication
L’analyse des résultats de l’expérimentation d’un dispositif pédagogique instrumenté par les TIC pour un apprentissage de savoir faire par projets a mis en évidence des ruptures dans la communication. Ces ruptures sont liées à la difficulté d’accès à Internet dans certaines situations (alternance…). Face à ce constat, nous avons décidé d’introduire un nouveau canal de communication, a priori disponible en masse chez les étudiants : le téléphone mobile. Cette publication pr
Author(s): Leclet Dominique,Leprêtre Eric,Peter Yvan,Quenu-J

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Vers un modèle générique d’assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage
Nous présentons un modèle générique d'assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage. Le modèle permet de décrire des systèmes d’assistance pour tout système informatisé distribué ou non, quel que soit le domaine de connaissances et quel que soit l’acteur du téléapprentissage (apprenant, concepteur, formateur-tuteur, etc.) qui utilise l’assistance. Le système d'assistance peut aider ces usagers en leur offrant des conseils et en adaptant l'interface en fonction de leurs caractéri
Author(s): Dufresne Aude,Basque Josianne,Paquette Gilbert,Leo

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Lessons Learnt from CSCL to Enrich E-Learning
Computer Supported Collaborative learning (CSCL) is nowadays well mature and it is able to set guide-lines to enrich e-learning. On its side, e-learning does not fully exploit its potentialities yet. Suggestions from CSCL could be useful to empower the presence on the e-learning on the market and would foster a vision of learning as not a simple further "commercial product". The European Commission funded many projects involving several countries, numerous students, teachers and researchers, a
Author(s): Ligorio Maria Beatrice,Cordeschi Roberto

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User Interfaces for a Virtual Learning Environment: Two Study Cases
A recent powerful idea in the design of Web-based learning environments is the usage of virtual places. The employment of interface metaphors is one of the approaches enabling inexperienced users to feel comfortable in such virtual environments. We have designed a Virtual Environment for Distance Education and Training (VEDET), which provides basic virtual spaces, resources, and services. In this paper we discuss the user interface of two Web-based distance learning courses Business on the Inter
Author(s): Stefanov Krassen,Dicheva Darina,Nikolov Roumen,Dja

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Didactic Decision-Making Process In a Surgery Learning Environment
In this paper we present our model of the didactic decision-making process and our method to define the apprenticeship utility function. This model is embedded in a computer-based learning environment dedicated to orthopedic surgery. The decision model allows the production of feedback relevant to the user’s knowledge during her/his activities with the learning environment. The surgical knowledge in the learning environment is represented with Bayesian Networks and the decision-making process
Author(s): Mufti-Alchawafa Dima,Luengo Vanda,Vadcard Lucile

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