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Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • examine the place play has in the curriculum framework/guidance or documents most relevant to a personal setting

  • identify various definitions of play

  • demonstrate an awareness of ideas about the value of play and adults' attitudes towards play

  • consider play in a personal setting and understand children's perceptions of play

  • demonstrate an awareness of issues such as gend
    Author(s): The Open University

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Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

Course image: Kenny Louie in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The content acknowledged bel
Author(s): The Open University

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Listen: Professor‘s year in Baghdad leads to unique course about the war in Iraq
Last fall Vanderbilt students had the rare opportunity in an interdisciplinary class called "The War in Iraq" to take an in-depth look at the facts on the ground in Iraq between 2003 and the present. Humanities 161 was co-taught by political scientist Katherine Carroll and Mike Newton, professor of the practice of law.
Author(s): Vanderbilt News Service

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Listen: Professor’s year in Baghdad leads to unique course about the war in Iraq
Last fall Vanderbilt students had the rare opportunity in an interdisciplinary class called "The War in Iraq" to take an in-depth look at the facts on the ground in Iraq between 2003 and the present. Humanities 161 was co-taught by political scientist Katherine Carroll and Mike Newton, professor of the practice of law.
Author(s): Vanderbilt News Service

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RoseLee Goldberg on Performance Art
RoseLee Goldberg South African-born world authority on performance art spoke at the Gordon Institute for Performing and Creative Arts GIPCA Great Texts Big Questions lecture on 11 March Goldberg illustrious career as art historian critic curator and author has spanned almost three decades and has helped shape the public view of live performance as a visual art form Her book Performance Art from Futurism to the Present was first published in 1979 and pioneered the study of performance art even
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Egypt crisis: Mubarak stays put
Protesters demand resignation of Egypt's president saying his sacking of the cabinet does not go far enough.
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Web Based Catalogue of Online Experiments
A knowledge base of online experiments was built. It is a kind of catalogue describing online experiments used for educational purposes. Metadata for describing this special kind of learning resources and analysis of experiments available in the catalogue (both virtual and remote) are presented in this paper. Examples of online lab experiments and exercises are developed by different European universities are also described.,Research report of the ProLearn Network of Excellence (IST 507310), Del
Author(s): Babich Alexander,Hagge Nils,Gillet Denis,Faltin Ni

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Modelling the Requirements of an Animated Pedagogical Agent for a Web-Based Learning Environment thr
This paper describes and discusses the importance of having a representation which models the key factors associated to the requirements of an animated pedagogical agent for an interactive learning environment, in particularly, for school students. The IPO (Input-Process-Output) relationships are proposed to address this issue. The formulation of IPO relationship are described in detail and the application of IPO relationship is shown through the case study of specifying the requirements of an a
Author(s): Salim Siti Salwah,Marzuki Normala,Kasirun Zarinah

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Enhancing the Adaptivity of an Existing Website with an Epiphyte Recommender System
In this paper we propose an approach to enhance the adaptivity of an existing Website by plugging on top of it (“epiphyte approach”) a recommender system that displays additional tips and functionalities in a separate window. The recommender system analyzes the way the user browses through the Website according to predefined prototypical ways of using the Website (“models of use”) and then proposes information or functionalities that appear useful according to this model of use. Different mo
Author(s): Richard Bruno,Tchounikine Pierre

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Ontology development for computersupported collaborative learning scripts
This paper presents an ongoing effort to develop an ontology for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Scripts. Our work merges the field of collaborative learning with the field of semantic web and provides a framework for the formalization of collaboration scripts using the OWL language. Collaboration scripts are didactic scenarios that prescribe learners’ interactions in collaborative settings. A script comprises a number of phases and each phase specifies the activity that learne
Author(s): Papakonstantinou Aliki,Demetriadis Stavros,Bassili

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ML Tutor: An Application of Machine Learning Algorithms for an Adaptive Web-based Information System
One problem that commonly faces hypertext users, particularly in educational situations, is the difficulty of identifying pages of information most relevant to their current goals or interests. In this paper, we discuss the technical feasibility and the utility of applying machine learning algorithms to generate personalised adaptation on the basis of a userÕs browsing history in hypertext, without additional input from the user. In order to investigate the viability of this approach, we develo
Author(s): Smith-Atakan A. Serengul,Blandford Ann

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A Comparison of Model-Tracing and Constraint-Based Intelligent Tutoring Paradigms
Two approaches to building intelligent tutoring systems are the well-established model-tracing paradigm and the relatively newer constraint-based paradigm. Proponents of the constraint-based paradigm claim that it affords performance at levels comparable to that of model-tracing tutors, but with significantly less development effort. We have built both a model-tracing and constraint-based tutor for the same problem domain (statistical hypothesis testing) and report on our findings with the goals
Author(s): Kodaganallur Viswanathan,Weitz Rob R.,Rosenthal Da

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Students' adaptation to a new situation: the design of an experimental procedure
Different studies (Arce and Betancourt, 1997; Séré, 2002) emphasize the importance of the task of experimental procedure design in a learning context. However, the required design is a difficult task for students (Séré and Beney, 1997). Consequently, students are hardly ever allowed to design their own experiment. The study by Tiberghien et al. (2001) showed that “to learn how to plan an investigation in order to address a specific question or problem” was the least frequent process object
Author(s): Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric,Cross David

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Basic Political Concepts
The goal of BASIC POLITICAL CONCEPTS is to provide exactly what the title suggests: a small set of carefully defined and interrelated words that can be used to describe and analyze a wide range of political phenomena and issues.
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Mint Your Own Coin
This OLogy activity explores the symbolic and archaeological importance of coins. The activity opens by introducing kids to the elements of coins: dates, names, images, mottoes, and materials. Then, kids are given step-by-step illustrated directions for designing a coin. The activity includes a Global Coin Collection, a printable PDF handout with photographs of coins from 14 countries, and an introduction to the kid who has collected these coins.
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The use case specification of actions in the goal oriented knowledge based learning environment
The proposed goal oriented knowledge acquisition and assessment are based on the flexible educational model and allows to implement an adaptive control of the enhanced learning process according to the requirements of student's knowledge level, his state of cognition and subject learning history. The enhanced learner knowledge model specifies how the cognition state of the user will be achieved step by step. The use case actions definition is a starting point of the specification that depends o
Author(s): Baniulis Kazys,Tamulynas Bronius

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A Woman's Work: Mary Lease Celebrates Women Populists
Women are not often thought of in association with the Populists, but the best-known orator of the movement in the early 1890s was a woman, Mary Elizabeth Lease. Born in Pennsylvania in 1850 to Irish parents, Lease became a school teacher in Kansas in 1870. She and her husband, a pharmacist, spent ten years trying to make a living farming, but finally gave up in 1883 and settled in Wichita. Lease entered political life as a speaker for the Irish National League, and later emerged as a leader of
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The Chicken or the Egg: Agency and Autonomy in Informed Consent
One of the fastest growing global markets is pharmaceutical sales. With changing political landscapes and an increased awareness of new customers worldwide, sales have increased in Eastern Europe, Asia, and especially Latin America. As researches expand into countries with poor socio-economic and political infrastructures, guidelines such as the Helsinki Declaration, the Nuremburg Code, and the Belmot principles are being challenged. Regulatory and ethical guidelines have not
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Time for Design
Students are introduced to the engineering design process, focusing on the concept of brainstorming design alternatives. They learn that engineering is about designing creative ways to improve existing artifacts, technologies or processes, or developing new inventions that benefit society. Students come to realize that they can be engineers and use the design process themselves to create tomorrow's innovations.
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