Assessment of performance in practical science and pupils’ attributes
This resource is a paper, presented at BERA in 2003, which describes the findings of a small scale research study into validity and reliability of various approaches to ‘measure’ the ability of pupils to know and understand and be able to ‘do’ science, the intended outcome of GCSE Science assessment. The paper informs the reader of the concepts involved in problem solving in science, presents the findings of their research into the attributes of the pupils in the study and the correlatio
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Acknowledgements
The fascinating phenomenon of superconductivity and its potential applications have attracted the attention of scientists, engineers and businessmen. Intense research has taken place to discover new superconductors, to understand the physics that underlies the properties of superconductors, and to develop new applications for these materials. In this unit you will read about the history of superconductors, taking a brief look at their properties. You will also learn about modelling the propertie
Author(s): The Open University

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Introduction
The fascinating phenomenon of superconductivity and its potential applications have attracted the attention of scientists, engineers and businessmen. Intense research has taken place to discover new superconductors, to understand the physics that underlies the properties of superconductors, and to develop new applications for these materials. In this unit you will read about the history of superconductors, taking a brief look at their properties. You will also learn about modelling the propertie
Author(s): The Open University

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Effective Programs in Middle and High School Mathematics: A Best-Evidence Synthesis
This is a paper which summarises research on achievement outcomes of mathematics programs in US middle and high schools. The review only considered studies which fulfilled certain criteria for inclusion. Broadly, the studies had to be of 12 weeks or more duration and involve a randomised or matched control group. The paper categorises the research in terms of three types of program; those which had a mathematics curricula focus (principally textbooks), those involving computer assisted instructi
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Helping pupils classify and tackle mathematics problems
This is a DfES TRIPS digest of some research done in the USA and published in 2004. The research was aimed at helping 8-9 year olds improve their problem classification and problem solving skills by teaching them specifically how to recognise and classify certain types of problem before trying to use their problem solving skills on those problems.
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Approaching prose fiction
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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French Revolution
This unit provides basic historical background to the French Revolution. It will show that the Revolution accelerated intellectual, cultural and psychological change, and opened up new horizons and possibilities. In fact, while much controversy and scepticism remain as to the real extent of underlying change in the social and economic structure of France, it is generally agreed by scholars that the Revolution stimulated a widening of expectations and imaginative awareness: a belief, inherited fr
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes
This unit provides basic historical background to the French Revolution. It will show that the Revolution accelerated intellectual, cultural and psychological change, and opened up new horizons and possibilities. In fact, while much controversy and scepticism remain as to the real extent of underlying change in the social and economic structure of France, it is generally agreed by scholars that the Revolution stimulated a widening of expectations and imaginative awareness: a belief, inherited fr
Author(s): The Open University

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Glossary
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.6 Genre
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.5 Characterisation
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.4 Setting
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.3 Narrative perspectives
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 Narrative events
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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1 Why do we read prose fiction?
Do you want to get more out of your reading? This unit is designed to develop the analytical skills you need for a more in-depth study of literary texts. You will learn about narrative events and perspectives, the setting of novels, types of characterisation and genre.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 Effects on consumers in freshwater ecosystems
Managing eutrophication is a key element in maintaining the earth's biodiversity. Eutrophication is a process mostly associated with human activity whereby ecosystems accumulate minerals. This unit explains how this process occurs, what its effects on different types of habitat are, and how it might be managed.
Author(s): The Open University

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2.1 Effects on primary producers in freshwater ecosystems
Managing eutrophication is a key element in maintaining the earth's biodiversity. Eutrophication is a process mostly associated with human activity whereby ecosystems accumulate minerals. This unit explains how this process occurs, what its effects on different types of habitat are, and how it might be managed.
Author(s): The Open University

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1.4 Human-induced eutrophication
Managing eutrophication is a key element in maintaining the earth's biodiversity. Eutrophication is a process mostly associated with human activity whereby ecosystems accumulate minerals. This unit explains how this process occurs, what its effects on different types of habitat are, and how it might be managed.
Author(s): The Open University

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Page Types
This is a demo of all the page types available in Xerte Online Toolkits
Page Types was developed by Julian Tenney
This content has the following license - Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike
Download this content from http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/toolkits/export_560
Download this as a scorm package from http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/toolkits/scorm_560

Author(s): Tenney, Julian

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Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike

5 Conclusion: you know many things

‘Writing what you know’ is a large and rich project, one that provides an endless resource, and one that can be undertaken in all the types of writing discussed in this unit – poetry, fiction and life writing. The skill lies in reawakening your senses to the world around you, and then using what you find with discrimination. By realising the potentials of your own life experience, you will be collecting the materials necessary in order to write. ‘Writing what you know’ can
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Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University