2.4.4 Manipulation

Suppose I take a digital photograph of myself for my website. Horrified by my wrinkled, baggy appearance, what can I do? Actually, with the right software I can do more or less anything I like: I can smooth out the wrinkles; I can restore the grey hair to its former splendour; I can even put in a background of books to give me a scholarly appearance. In fact, I can so improve the picture that if you met the real me you probably wouldn't recognise me.

‘Massaging’ my photographic imag
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Inventories, Buffer Stocks, and Excess Capacity: Fractal Analysis of Antipersistence, Entrepreneuria
Session on the Economics of Financial Crises and Business Cycles. Recorded 9 March 2012 at the Ludwig von Mises Institute in Auburn, Alabama. [6:58]

7.2.7 Information brokerage

Websites described by this business model offer access to information – usually business information. For example, a website which offers the results of surveys of customer satisfaction for a product such as a car would be used by car hire companies, auto companies and consumer organisations. Major providers in this area provide information derived from financial data such as company performance figures, pension fund performance figures and financial market trends such as the growth of diff
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

2.1 How do we use maps?

Reading about maps, I have been struck by the number of times that the idea of ‘maps as part of our everyday experience’ has been mentioned. In fact, I was thinking about it recently, when I was preparing to travel from Belfast to London. I left home with a mental map of my journey to the airport – but on the way I found that the road was blocked by a burst water main. ‘Plan B’ was to consult my local road map for the quickest alternative and, in doing so, I wondered i
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

2.2 Surfaces in space

In this section we present a wide range of examples of surfaces in space.


Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

6.4 Driven oscillations and resonance

Finally I need to consider the situation where the oscillator is driven, as in the case of the AFM cantilever. The driving force will depend on the application, but for my mass on a spring it might be a small motor driving what was the fixed end of the spring up and down. The simplest expression for an oscillating driving force FD will be something like:

Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Activity 3

Skills for participation

1 hour 0 minutes

We have identified the importance of a value base that promotes participation and we will now consider some of the skills that are needed to make it happen. F
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

English: Brian Reed - Less is More: Contemporary Poems Composed Through Deletion
Open lecture by Professor Brian Reed, Department of English, University of Washington. Since the turn of the millennium, a number of poets have begun composing verse by taking pre-existing texts and selectively deleting words, phrases, sentences, and even whole sections. Does it make sense to call such poets "writers" in anything but a very loose sense, since, instead of generating text, they remove it? Moreover, since they give us nothing but passages of borrowed language with the original wor
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Summary

1 The visible matter in the Universe, stars and interstellar gas, is concentrated into galaxies, which are collections of ~1011 stars. The galaxies themselves are usually to be found in clusters with typically tens or hundreds of members. The clusters, in their turn, are loosely associated in superclusters.

2 Distances are estimated via a series of intercalibrated techniques, each overlapping with and extending further than the previous one. The principal stages are:


    Author(s): The Open University

    License information
    Related content

    Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Giving in the Digital World
For charitable organizations and initiatives, the Internet provides the opportunity to reach more people in more direct and personal ways. Are they grasping this opportunity? Following on the earthquake in Haiti in January 2010, generous individuals around the world used their mobile phones to make more than $40 million in gifts to aid organisations. More than $1 billion in gifts came in the next four weeks, a large percentage of which was donated online. But the real stories of how digital tec
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

2.1 Resisting a body–mind–social split

To what extent are you your body? The seventeenth-century philosopher René Descartes saw human subjective experience (including rationality, thought and spirituality) as separate and fundamentally different from the objective world of matter, that of our bodies and the physical universe. This idea of a fundamental divide between mind and matter (as two different kinds of ‘stuff’) set the stage for centuries of debate on what came to be known as Cartesian dualism. Critics of this w
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Episode 14 – Exposure to the Elements

Have you seen Wolfram|Alpha? It’s not an internet search engine, even though it seems like one, but rather a computational knowledge engine. You ask it a question, and it actually computes the answer. Seems the perfect way to double-check if the meaning of life is really 42, like Douglas Adams wrote in A Hitchhikers’ Guide to the Galaxy.

However, it occurred to me that the answer should actually be 94 not 42. Here i
Author(s): accessallareas@museum.vic.gov.au (Museum Victoria)

License information
Related content

Rights not set

Economic Update: Listen, Prof. Krugman
Description not set
Author(s): maria

License information
Related content

Rights not set

Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand what is meant by a common law system

  • demonstrate a good knowledge and understanding of what is meant by the common law and how its rules are made and changed

  • discuss how a precedent can be altered or avoided

  • identify the ratio decidendi and obiter dictum of a court case

  • read and analyse legal materials (cases, statutes and academic commentary).<
    Author(s): The Open University

    License information
    Related content

    Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to choose from on
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

The week ahead: Trumpism marches south
Republican presidential candidates vie for South Carolina’s primary nomination and European leaders meet to discuss a proposal on the future terms of Britain’s EU membership
Author(s): The Economist

License information
Related content

Rights not set

3.1 Gender-based disadvantage

The post-war period has seen a significant increase in the participation of women in the labour market, with women now making up around 45 per cent of the UK workforce. Although women still undertake the major share of family responsibilities and domestic activities, an increasing number of women are entering the labour market. This increase is evident in many countries and has been associated with an improvement in the relative earnings of women. This trend towards greater equality is eviden
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

2.14 Summing up

Activity 13

0 hours 5 minutes

Dr. Peterson concludes the audio sequence with a summary of all the points covered.


Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

2.2 Users' experiences of the therapeutic relationship

CAM users may seek a very different type of therapeutic relationship from those they experience with orthodox practitioners. Some people may want to spend more time with a CAM practitioner than they do with their GP, to have more say in determining the frequency of access to practitioners, to have more control over what happens in the consultation room, and to have more choice about the treatments they are given.

In any therapeutic encounter, people want to be treated with respect, to b
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

12.1.1 Survey questionnaires

Questionnaires are lists of questions that enable information to be gathered efficiently from a relatively large number of respondents. Most questionnaires require a fixed type of response, such as a choice between available answers, or along a scale of response. For example, a product design questionnaire might suggest, ‘I found the product easy to use’ and provide a five-point scale of response from ‘agree strongly’ to ‘disagree strongly’. Or a question might be, ‘how often do
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University