Ayer, A.J., 1954. â€˜Freedom and necessityâ€™, in Watson 1982, 15â€“23.
Butterfield, J., 1998. â€˜Determinismâ€™, in Craig 1998.
Craig, E., 1998. Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, London and New York: Routledge.
Chisholm, R.M., 1964. â€˜Human freedom and the selfâ€™, in Watson 1982, 24â€“35.
Author(s): The Open University

Cours commun de culture numÃ©rique 2015-2016 - HervÃ© Le Crosnier

M1-DNR2i, Licence Professionnelle ATP, M1-EMT, M1-ESPE, M2-MDS, M2-Green

Amphi S3-049, BÃ¢timent Sciences S3, Campus CÃ´te de Nacre

Le vendredi, de 14h Ã  16h

Ces cours sont ouverts aux auditeurs libres

Ces cours sont filmÃ©s par le CEMU (Centre dâ€™Enseignement MultimÃ©dia Universitaire)

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Metric spaces and continuity
This free course contains an introduction to metric spaces and continuity. The key idea is to use three particular properties of the Euclidean distance as the basis for defining what is meant by a general distance function, a metric. Section 1 introduces the idea of a metric space and shows how this concept allows us to generalise the notion of continuity. Section 2 develops the idea of sequences and convergence in metric spaces. Section 3 builds on the ideas from the first two sections to formu
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In this course each key skill section uses a common three-stage framework to help you develop your skills. The stages of this framework are:

• developing a strategy for how you are going to tackle the key skill;

• monitoring your progress as you develop your skills;

• evaluating the strategy you have used and presenting outcomes of your work.

But working on your skills and techniques
Author(s): The Open University

A pie chart is a circular chart (pie-shaped); it is split into segments to show percentages or the relative contributions of categories of data.

6.1.1 When are pie charts used?

A pie chart gives an immediate visual idea of the relative sizes of the shares of a whole. It is a good method of representation if you wish to compare a part of a group with the whole group. You could us
Author(s): The Open University

Suppose you have just had a dental procedure under general anaesthetic and are coming round. You are aware of a dazzling light above you and of a muffled voice echoing in your ears. There is sickness in your stomach and a sharp metallic taste in your mouth. You feel a moment of panic as you struggle to work out what has happened. Moving your head, you recognise the dentist's face and realise that he is speaking your name and asking if you want a glass of water. Your remember where you are, si
Author(s): The Open University

2012 ESCR Institute: Human Rights and the Social Determinants of Health
In early November 2012, leading scholars, health practitioners, and advocates gathered for a discussion of what a human rights analysis has to offer to the dialogue about health outcomes in this country, and globally.
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To convey data from one point to another we need to represent the data by means of a signal. We can think of a signal as a deliberate variation in some property of the medium used to convey the data. Some examples are:

• an electrical voltage travelling along copper wires between your telephone and the local exchange;

• pulses of light (though we might not be able to see them) in a fibre-optic cable;

• the radio emissions t
Author(s): The Open University

Art History in a Hurry - Mona Lisa
This is a fascinating video about this famous painting. Wouldn't you like to know why she has no eyebrows? (02:17)
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There are more thanÂ 800 coursesÂ on OpenLearnÂ for you to c
Author(s): The Open University

Tidal movements ensure that sea-shore habitats are, if not covered by seawater for part of each day, at least subject to spray-borne salt and wind. So, even well above the level of high tides, sea-shore organisms need to be more tolerant of salt than most terrestrial organisms. However, salinity (the concentration of salts dissolved in water) is not the only factor affecting sea-shore species. Seaweeds and shelled animals like limpets and barnacles are adapted to living in a highly saline mar
Author(s): The Open University

We will illustrate some of the complexities of interpreting ecological field data by looking at two sets of environmental factors, soil pH and salinity, desiccation and biotic interactions on sea-shores.

Author(s): The Open University

The Earth Sciences concern every part of our planet â€“ from the centre of the metallic core, 6400 km below our feet, through its solid and liquid regions (see Figure 1 on the next page) to the outer reaches of the atmosphere. We will concentrate on the outermost, rocky part of the solid Earth; in other words, the rocks of the Earth's crust that form the outermost layer of the lithospheric plates.

Author(s): The Open University

Pupils should be taught some of the historical background to the development of scientific knowledge.

Author(s): The Open University

Before embarking on this course, it is important to take some time to think about the implications of its title: Company law in context. In particular, what constitutes â€˜company lawâ€™, and what is the context in which we are thinking about it?

At this point, you might like to pause for a moment and contemplate what this phrase means to you. In particular, what do you understand by the concept of a â€˜companyâ€™?

At first, this may seem like a ludicrously straightforward questio
Author(s): The Open University

After studying this course, you should be able to:

• Part A:

• describe in general terms what a business is

• demonstrate an appreciation of the concept of capital.

• Part B:

• identify the main types of business medium

• demonstrate an understanding of the key characteristics of businesses run as sole traders

• determine what are the assets and liabilities of a business using numeracy skil
Author(s): The Open University

In this course, we will consider the nature of businesses and the principal forms of business organisation. The themes covered in Part A are company, business and capital; and in Part B, business mediums, sole traders, partnerships or firms, and assets and liabilities.

This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 1 study in Author(s): The Open University

Whenever there is a conflict between the provisions of EU law and the provisions of the domestic (national) law of a member state, then EU law will prevail. This is a principle which was developed by the ECJ as the relationship between domestic and EU law is not clarified by treaty provisions. This is an important principle, as it ensures the proper functioning of the EU. If an EU member state had the power to annul EU law by adopting new domestic (national) law which was in conflict with the
Author(s): The Open University

The European Parliament fulfils three main functions:

• it shares the power to legislate

• it exercises democratic supervision over all EC institutions

• it shares authority over the EC budget.

The legislative and supervisory roles are based on the European Parliament's democratic legitimacy. Its members are directly elected every five years by the citizens of the EU member states.

Author(s): The Open University

The Rainbow analysed
For centuries the rainbow has been an object of wonder for scientists and mathematicians. It has taken 2000 years to discover many of its secrets. This five track album uses 3D imagery to explain exactly how light is deflected off rain droplets to form the bow like shape we see. This material forms part of The Open University course MU120 Open mathematics. The OpenLe
Author(s): The OpenLearn team