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Introduction

In this course, aimed at teachers of Physical Education, we begin by looking at some of the common misconceptions relating to fitness and activity levels together with accepted definitions of these concepts. We consider how active young people should actually be, and discuss how PE teachers can ensure they are making an effective contribution to this area of public health.

This OpenLearn course provides a sample of postgraduate study in Author(s): The Open University

Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons licence).

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (not subject to Creative Commons licence). See terms and conditions.
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References

Academic Earth, www.academicearth.org (accessed 26 June 2012).
Attwood, R. (2011) ‘“OER university” to cut cost of degree’, Times Higher Education, 10 February. Available from: www.timesh
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7.1 How does learning take place in the open?

Activity 14: become a learner

Time: from 20 minutes to a lifetime

Using OpenLearn or any other source of OERs, find a topic that interests you. Now become a learner! Sign up and register or commi
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7 Making the case for OER

To some, the case for open educational resources is taken as self-evident. The internet is a great platform for sharing information at no apparent cost, so why not use it as a great platform for learning? This surface argument should not be dismissed – and indeed a ‘just get on and do it’ attitude has led to many people joining in. However, if you need to make a case for OERs, then it is useful to be able identify the benefits for each of those involved in using OERs – the learner, th
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Tools

There are many tools for creating OER that at a basic level can be split into those with open licensing and ease of remixing built in those that don’t. You may already be using the latter to create content.

By far the most commonly used tools for creating educational resources and therefore OERs is Microsoft Word and PowerPoint. To make these resources open you will need to apply an appropriate licence where – as with tools such as LabSpace from The Open University and Xpert from th
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Formats

Later in 2013, OpenLearn free courses will be available to be downloaded or taken away in several formats:

  • print format
  • course content XML
  • course content RSS
  • OU XML package
  • IMS Content Package
  • IMS Common Cartridge
  • plain zip
  • Moodle back-up.

At the asset level, the major formats you will find are:

  • text in XML or PDF
  • animations in Flash
  • i
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5.2 Behaviorism, Piagetianism and social constructivism

How do the well-known ideas of behaviorism, Piagetianism and social constructivism relate to what you actually do as a teacher in a face-to-face context? Are you able to ‘sign up’ to any one of the theories wholeheartedly? As you read the descriptions you may have felt that each of them separately described some aspects of your ideas about learning and those of your colleagues, yet none was wholly satisfactory in its own right. For example, in teaching certain practical skills, a regime o
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5.1 How do people learn?

That seems a straightforward question, but you will already know from your work in producing teaching materials elsewhere that an answer is far from obvious.

Activity 10: take about two coffee breaks

If you work in a teaching co
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4.1 Creative Commons licensing

When you view the video you should look at the section on why you should choose Creative Commons, which aims to illustrate the benefits of applying a Creative Commons licence to some of your institution’s works and puts the easy-to-understand terms and symbols in an international context.

Creative Commons is an organisation that has created and made available a suite of CC non-exclusive licences for the licensing of copyright works without payment to the general public.Creative Common
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3.3 Responding to these initiatives

A key implication of both initiatives is greater interagency working, which necessitates more engagement of school staff with other professionals.

The DfES notes in Extended Schools: Providing Opportunities and Services for all that schools will need to work in partnership with other groups and agencies to enable:

  • more diverse activities that involve parents, community members and local groups;

  • a ‘joined-up’ approach
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3.2 The Every Child Matters agenda

The government's vision for extended schools builds on the Every Child Matters (ECM) initiative. Click on the following links for more information Every Child Matters: Change for children in schools [accessed 26 January 2007]. It is founded on five outcomes:

  • Be healthy.

  • Be safe.

  • Enjoy and achieve.

  • Make a positive contribution (as a citizen).

  • Be employable.

In moving t
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3.1 The Extended Schools initiative

The last few years have seen a plethora of initiatives for English schools: two significant initiatives are ‘Extended Schools’ and the ‘Every child Matters’. What are the implications for a business manager?

Government thinking places schools at the centre of local provision for a wide range of options, from health centres to full community facilities. These ‘extended schools’, as the government terms them, offer an opportunity for schools to contribute to and work more clos
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2.1 Looking forward

Because it is easy to explain things looking backwards, we think we can then predict them forwards. It doesn't work, as many economists know to their cost. The world keeps changing. It is one of the paradoxes of success that the things and the ways which got you where you are, are seldom the things to keep you there. If you think that they are, and that you know the way to the future because it is a continuation of where you
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References

Bruner, J. (1996 ) The Culture of Education, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Caswell, B. and Lamon, M. (1999) ‘The Development of Scientific Literacy: the Evolution of Ideas in A Knowledge Building Classroom’ in Leach, J. & Moon, R.E. (1999) Learners & Pedagogy, London, Paul Chapman.
Cummins, J. and Sayers, D. (1995) Brave New Schools, Toronto, OI
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5.1 Introduction

Creativity should not be considered a separate mental faculty but a characteristic of our way of thinking, knowing and making choices. Creativity seems to emerge from multiple experiences, coupled with a well-supported development of personal resources, including a sense of freedom to venture beyond the unknown. The most favourable situation for creativity seems to be interpersonal exchange, with negotiation conflicts and co
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3.1 Introduction

We have the obligation to think about the future, precisely because of the type of work we do … Venturing the future is not a risk – it's a necessity of the dignity of humankind.

(The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts And Standardized Tests, The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves, Howard Gardner, 2000)

This first case study shows the way in which ICT is used within a classroom community:
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Education, Childhood & Youth. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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5 Summary and conclusion

In this unit we have considered questions surrounding the future of school geography. This may at first seem an odd question, but it is salutary to remember that the advocates of geography had to work very hard to make the case for the subject's place in the English National Curriculum.

As the unit sought to show, even if we can agree that geography has an important role to play in schools, opinions vary as to the purpose of the subject:

  • Is it a
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2 The purposes of geography in schools

The evidence shows that students who study geography through their school lives become some of the most employable people in our society. The organisation [the Geographical Association] comments: ‘Surely all parents would wish their children to engage with a subject that improves their life chances and helps them to develop an informed concern for the world and an ability and willingness to take positive action, both l
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