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Lebenszyklen
The thematic focus of this unit is people in Germany, Austria and Switzerland and the world they live in. You use audio and text to practise German language skills while also enhancing your cultural understanding. First published on Wed, 16 May 2012 as Lebenszyklen. To find out more visit The Open
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Intermediate Italian: La famiglia
In this unit, which is aimed at people who already speak some Italian, you will find out about Italy and Italian, and about the other languages spoken in Italy. You will also hear Italians speaking about family life in Italy and practise the possessives mio, tuo suo, etc. as well as talking about important family events using the past tenses. First published on Mon, 2
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3.6 Features of speech: dysfluency

Another of the differences between conversation and writing is sometimes referred to as dysfluency. This is the use of hesitators (sounds such as erm, urn), pauses and repetitions which reflect the difficulty of mental planning at speed. We can see all three of these dysfluencies in the next example.

That's a very good – er very good precaution to take, yes.

(Biber et al., 1999, p. 1053)
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 The history of grammatical description

Of these approaches, prescriptive grammars are probably the best known. Originally associated with describing ancient Greek, a system of labelling parts of speech developed into a way of laying down rules on the socially correct usage of language. Because of their origin in the ancient languages, prescriptive grammars introduced rules into English which arguably imposed labels and expectations that had not evolved from within the living language.

Descriptive grammars in the USA and Euro
Author(s): The Open University

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1.1 The power of grammar

I wonder if you understand what Mrs Clark meant, or whether any teacher has ever made a similar remark about your work? In this unit we look at some of the factors that contribute to differences between speech and writing and at ways of describing them. However, we shall try to avoid just helping you to
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

By the end of this unit, you should have developed a knowledge and understanding of:

  • the differences between spoken and written English;

  • the factors that influence use of grammar and vocabulary in speech and writing;

  • the different ways in which grammar has been described.


Author(s): The Open University

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Acknowledgements

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this unit:

The Open University extends its gratitude to Aimhigher Kent and Medway Office for its support in the development of these materials.

Unless otherwise stated (or as permitted under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988) third party content sourced and credited within this unit is not available under Creative Commons Licence. See Terms and Conditions.

Author(s): The Open University

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6 International Christmas

This section aims to raise your intercultural awareness, by exposing you to the many and different Christmas traditions around the world. It will encourage you to discover the connections between language and culture and engage you with online communications and research. You will also be given the opportunity to use your own creativity as a learning tool.

Please note that Christmas has been chosen as an example of a festival which is celebrated in different ways in different cou
Author(s): The Open University

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2.1 Escritorio

En esta sesión vas a trabajar los textos descriptivos y para ello aprenderás a describir un lugar usando recursos expresivos como las comparaciones o analogías y metáforas.

Actividad 6

Author(s): The Open University

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3.2 Improving your writing style

To write clearly it is a good idea to use short sentences However, it is also important that your sentences should be varied, so that the reader enjoys the way in which you write. The way you join sentences together is important, and you should try to include words that add more colour to the text – such as adverbs and adjectives. Here are some examples that show you how to brighten up your style.

1 Using ‘and’ (a conjunction)

This joins two similar sentences. You sho
Author(s): The Open University

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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

All materials included in this unit are derived from content originated at the Open University.

1. Join the 200,000 students currently studying with The Open University.


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4 Additional resources

Click on 'View document' to read Grammar glossary (PDF, 0.1 MB).

View document68.9KB PDF document<
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Nuevo vocabulario relacionado con el tono de un cuento

Actividad 22

En esta actividad podrá aprender nuevo vocabulario relacionado con el tono de un cuento y también identificará el tono de Apocalipsis.

Click 'view document' to open ‘Apocalipsis' de Marco Denevi


Author(s): The Open University

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La estructura y el lenguaje de los cuentos

Como ya sabe, las sesiones tituladas De mi puño y letra están dedicadas específicamente a desarrollar sus destrezas de escritura. En esta sesión analizará la estructura y el lenguaje de los cuentos.

A vista de pájaro

En esta sección leerá un cuento y analizará sus primeras impresiones.

Author(s): The Open University

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Distintos tipos de artesanía

Actividad 16

En esta actividad va a poder hablar de distintos tipos de artesanía.

1 Relacione las siguientes artesanías con los materiales que se utilizan para elaborarlas. ¡Ojo!, tenga en cuenta que varias artesanías pu
Author(s): The Open University

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El arte conceptual

Actividad 11

En esta actividad va a estudiar más a fondo el arte conceptual.

  1. Si usted sabe mucho sobre arte, haga el siguiente test, y luego compruebe sus respuestas leyendo el texto . Si prefier
    Author(s): The Open University

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Dos artistas

Actividad 5

En esta actividad escuchará a dos artistas, Ana Luisa Benítez y Javier Cabrera Mújica, describiendo cómo se sienten cuando terminan una obra de arte.

1 Antes de escuchar el compacto de actividades ponga cada
Author(s): The Open University

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Las formas que se utilizan para definir el arte

Actividad 4

¿Recuerda algunas de las formas que se utilizan para definir el arte en la discusión que acaba de oír? Vaya a la transcripción del extracto 2 y anote las fórmulas utilizadas para definir el arte.


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Varios estudiantes de Bellas Artes

Actividad 3

En esta actividad va a escuchar a varios estudiantes de Bellas Artes explicar lo que es para ellos el arte.

1 Como se trata de una conversación informal en la que los participantes se interrumpen mutuamente, emp
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

  • Objetivos lingüísticos

  • Expresar sus gustos y preferencias en el contexto del arte;

  • Definir términos abstractos, especialmente en el contexto académico;

  • Expresar sentimientos y reacciones hacia acontecimientos específicos;

  • Analizar un cuento.

  • Objetivos culturales

  • Comprender que el significado de las categorías culturales, por ejemplo las de arte y artesanía, pueden variar
    Author(s): The Open University

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