Volcano Eruptions : How Do Underwater Volcanoes Erupt?
An eruption of an underwater volcano, which causes pillow basalts, is the same as an eruption on land, except that the eruption cools more quickly. Learn about underwater gas eruptions from volcanoes with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video on volcano eruptions. (01:27)

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
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Volcano Eruptions : How Long Do Volcanoes Erupt?
The length of a volcanic eruption can vary dramatically, and some eruptions have been known to last continuously for decades. Learn about the lack of ability in predicting the length of volcanoes with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video on volcano eruptions.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
Filmmaker: Rendered Co

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Stanford Civil Engineering Professor on Haiti Earthquake
Anne Kiremidjian, professor of civil and environmental engineering at Stanford, says that it could take Haiti ten years to recover from the earthquake that devastated the island nation in January, 2010. Kiremidjian compared the energy from the earthquake to that of a nuclear blast.

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Science Extreme - Making it Rain...on Purpose
"The Chinese government promised and delivered a rain-free opening ceremony to the delight of thousands in attendance and millions watching around the world. During the rainy season how did they do this? Simple: They seeded storm clouds with iodide before they blew into the capital city causing the rain to fall long before they reached Bejing.

Sound extreme? When it comes to technology triumphing over climate, this is just the tip of the iceberg. Welcome to the 21st century and welc

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Environmental Science & Weather : How Does Hail Form?
Hail forms with an uplift that involves air rising, cooling and condensing as the temperature goes down. Discover how hail can get larger through winds that pick it up and coat it with more ice with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video (01:33) on hail.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
Filmmaker: Rendered Communic

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Weather : How Does Latitude Affect Climate?
Latitude can affect climate through circulation, and the wind bands known as trade winds differ depending on latitude. Discover how the movement of weather systems is controlled by large wind belts with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video (1:28) on how latitude affects climate.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
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Weather : What Causes Wind-Driven Currents?
Wind-driven currents are caused by the return of large circulation cells, of which there are three between the equator and the poles. Find out how circulation cells also move heat over the planet with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video (02:29) on wind-driven currents.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
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Weather : How Thunderstorms Form
Thunderstorms are essentially caused by differences in temperature and pressure, and the larger these differences are, the more severe the thunderstorm will be. Learn about electrical disturbances caused by rapid exchanges of air masses with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in video (01:40) on thunderstorms.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the University of North Carolina at

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How the Moon Affects the Changing of the Tides
 The gravitational pull of the moon and the rotation of the earth, coupled with the centripetal force of the earth, causes two high tides and two low tides throughout the day. Find out why the tides don't occur in the same cycle as the rotation of the earth with help from the chair of a department of environmental studies in this video on the moon and tides.

Expert: Jack Hall
Bio: Dr. Jack Hall is the department chair in the department of environmental studies at the Universi

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By the People For the People Unit 18
Plummeting agricultural exports, the stock market crash, and
environmental disaster all led to an unprecedented economic depression. Subsequently, a new relationship between individuals and the government arose, with a strong communitarian spirit drawing the nation together before World War II.

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Migration From Latin America
Mavis Weir teaches 10th–grade history at Casa Grande High School in
Petaluma, California. In this lesson, students explore the various
reasons people emigrate from their homeland. The class is broken up into six separate groups, each representing a different Latin American
country with its own set of resources. Using both primary and secondary sources, students examine the economic, political, and environmental circumstances that cause people to emigrate. Each group presen

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Weathering and Soils
The Cleopatra’s Needle obelisk in New York City’s Central Park is severely weathered after only 75 years, whereas the dry climate of Egypt has preserved similar structures in that country for millennia. This program shows how weather, climate, chemicals, temperature, and type of substrate factor into rock and soil erosion. Environmental connections are also considere
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Robert Hass, poet: "Poetry Reading" – February 21, 2008
Robert Hass, poet laureate of the United States from 1995 to 1997, will read from his latest collection, Time and Materials. Currently chancellor of the Academy of American Poets, Hass has won several awards, including two National Book Critics Circle Awards. He received a Ph.D. in English from Stanford University and teaches at the University of California, Berkeley. His volumes of poetry include Under Wood: New Poems (Ecco Press, 1996); Human Wishes (1989); Praise (1979); and Field Guide (1973
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Robert Hass, poet: "Poetry Reading" – February 21, 2008
Robert Hass, poet laureate of the United States from 1995 to 1997, will read from his latest collection, Time and Materials. Currently chancellor of the Academy of American Poets, Hass has won several awards, including two National Book Critics Circle Awards. He received a Ph.D. in English from Stanford University and teaches at the University of California, Berkeley. His volumes of poetry include Under Wood: New Poems (Ecco Press, 1996); Human Wishes (1989); Praise (1979); and Field Guide (1973
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Shana Weber, Princeton University: The Greening of Technology - Sustainability Initiatives at Prince
Princeton’s Campus Sustainability Plan includes comprehensive efforts to reduce waste and conserve resources in all areas of University operations, as well as initiatives in research, education, civic engagement, and communications. Computing is becoming a large part of the University’s energy-use footprint and considerable efforts are underway to find sustainable energy and conservation solutions. From high energy super-computers to paper use to videoconferencing, this session will explore
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Shana Weber, Princeton University: The Greening of Technology - Sustainability Initiatives at Prince
Princeton’s Campus Sustainability Plan includes comprehensive efforts to reduce waste and conserve resources in all areas of University operations, as well as initiatives in research, education, civic engagement, and communications. Computing is becoming a large part of the University’s energy-use footprint and considerable efforts are underway to find sustainable energy and conservation solutions. From high energy super-computers to paper use to videoconferencing, this session will explore
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Emmanuel Kreike, Princeton University: Beyond Words: Environmental History, Digitization and GIS
Lunch 'n Learn presentation: How the integration of digital tools and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has the potential to add dramatically to the capacity of the humanities to more fully understand and explain the dynamics of environmental change. More info: http://blogs.princeton.edu/itsacademic/2008/03/beyond_words_environmental_history_digitization_and_gis.html
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Emmanuel Kreike, Princeton University: Beyond Words: Environmental History, Digitization and GIS PDF
Lunch 'n Learn presentation: How the integration of digital tools and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) has the potential to add dramatically to the capacity of the humanities to more fully understand and explain the dynamics of environmental change. More info: http://blogs.princeton.edu/itsacademic/2008/03/beyond_words_environmental_history_digitization_and_gis.html
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Robert Reich: Politics and Principles
Robert Reich has served in three national administrations, most recently as Secretary of Labor under President Bill Clinton. He has authored ten books, including The Work of Nations (which has been translated into 21 languages); Locked in the Cabinet; and The Future of Success. His writings have appeared in The New Yorker, The Atlantic Monthly, and The New York Times, as well as scholarly journals. Mr. Reich is cofounder and national editor of The American Prospect. He was most recently defeated
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11.166 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience (MIT)
The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the relationship between courts and grassroots activism on current issues like trade, environmental regulation, and human rights enforcement. Students examine case studies of institutional processes including the World Trade Organization and the World Bank from key countries like
Author(s): Rajagopal, Balakrishnan

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative C