3.1 What makes a nation, a state or a nation-state?

Why do England, Scotland and Wales take part in the Six Nations rugby championship alongside Italy, Ireland and France? Are they all ‘nations’? What do we mean by calling them ‘nations’? The nation has become one of the most contested concepts of our times. Scholars, politicians and political activists present different definitions of the nation, usually focusing on a variety of cultural, political, psychological, territorial, ethnic and sociological principles. The lack of an agreeme
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1.1.5 Organising information

How confident are you that you know when it is appropriate to cite references (refer to the work of other people) in your written work?

  • 5 – Very confident

  • 4 – Confident

  • 3 – Fairly confident

  • 2 – Not very confident

  • 1 – Not confident at all

How confident do you feel about producing bibliographies (lists of references) in an appropriate format to accompany your written
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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to c
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Faculty of Law: F.W. Guest Memorial Lecture 2008 – ‘Grave Injustice’, ‘despotic privilege’
Professor J Stuart Anderson, Faculty of Law, Otago, delivers the 2008 F.W. Guest Memorial Lecture – ‘Grave Injustice,’ ‘despotic privilege’: the insecure foundations of crown liability for torts in New Zealand. 6 August 2008
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Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to use material:

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Introduction

The MMR dispute is of enormous public significance and this unit helps unravel why this has been an area of such dispute.

This unit is from our archive and it is an adapted extract from Science and the public S802 which is no longer in presentation. If you wish to study formally at The Open University, you may wish to explore the courses we offer in this Author(s): The Open University

Preamble

Your answers to Activity 1 will have revealed that the initial development of commercial GM crops has focused on the introduction of two traits: herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. However, many other traits have been introduced into crops that have yet to be grown commercially on any scale. These traits include characteristics such as resistance to viral, bacterial and fungal infections, stress tolerance (for example to high levels of salt in the soil), changes to flower pigmentation,
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Acknowledgements

The material acknowledged below is Proprietary and used under licence (Creative Commons licence). See Terms and conditions.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to use material in this unit:

Text
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Pair Bonding: Twins Reflect on Time at Duke
Two sets of twins spent the last four years together as students at Duke University. They discuss what being a twin means for their relationships and identity.
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Plane burns on runway at Sanaa Airport after air strike
Air strikes by fighter jets from the Saudi-led coalition leave the main airport runways in the Yemeni capital Sanaa littered with burning jets. Rough Cut (no reporter narration). Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national,
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1 Modelling with Fourier series

The main teaching text of this course is provided in the workbook below. The answers to the exercises that you'll find throughout the workbook are given in the answer book. You can access it by clicking on the link under the workbook.

Click the link below to open the workbook (PDF, 0.6 MB).

Workbook

Click the link below to open the answerbook (PDF, 0.2 MB).<
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Militarisation and the 'War on Crime' [Audio]
Speaker(s): Dr John Collins, Misha Glenny, Dr Sasha Jesperson, Tuesday Reitano, Dr Anja Shortland | From the 70 year old "War on Drugs", to the more recent "War on Human Smuggling", politicians use militarised responses to look decisive on crime. The deployment of armies, navies, military assets and militarised approaches can send a powerful message, but have produced mixed results. This debate, co hosted between the LSE US Centre and the Global Initiative against Transnational Organized Crime
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Lee Kuan Yew: life and legacy.
The life and legacy of Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's first prime minister and architect of its rapid rise to global trade and financial hub. Paul Chapman reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national, and international n
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3.3 Summary of Section 3

  1. For the first week after fertilization, the conceptus (early embryo) foats freely in the female reproductive tract, obtaining some of its nutrients from the fuid in which it is bathed.

  2. The fertilized egg begins a series of divisions to give 2, then 4, then 8 undifferentiated cells. There is no net cell growth, so each generation of cells is smaller than the last.

  3. The 8- to 16-cell division is different, and important. Each cell
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"The Sound Of The Trees" Poem by Robert Frost
This non-narrated slideshow presents photographs and drawings of trees in both color and black-and-white. The words to Robert Frost's poem "The Sound of the Trees" are shown in script, somewhat difficult to read, as piano music by David Nevue plays gently but clearly in the background. (02:50)
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Monitoring soil health and complexity
This week in the Planet Earth Podcast: Karl Ritz and Robert Simmons of Cranfield University, and Guy Thallon from fresh produce company, Produce World, talk about how they manage one of the most crucial ingredients needed to grow vegetables - soil.
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • know the meaning of all the terms highlighted in the course

  • understand the concept of the ‘network society’

  • have an awareness of how IT impacts on everyday life.


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Transfer and Articulation at GRCC
Exercise Science, Comuter Information Systems and Visual Arts provide examples of how they have aligned their curricula with other institutions in order to ease the transfer of credits.
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Rocks in the field
Geology is the scientific study of the Earth, its origin, structure, processes and composition. This album features The Open University's Glynda Easterbrook and fellow geologist Tony Lee as they visit Northern Ireland to look at some amazing rock forms and some fascinating successions of different depositional environments. This material forms part of The Open University course S260 Geology.Author(s): The iTunes U team

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2.1.1 Where did the attempt to define notions of rights internationally come from?

To some extent, this ideology of rights was new because it was expressed at the international level with new vigour, with the horrors of the Second World War and the calculated extermination of Jews, gypsies and others in mind. The discourse of individual rights had a stronger impact on international politics than at any time previously, as did the notion of a right to national self-determination. Yet this new departure for international politics also built upon ideas about rights that had be
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