7.3.5 Ion beam deposition

PVD still has some limitations, however. It must operate in a gaseous atmosphere (to provide the plasma) so is not well suited to the long-throw, directional line-of-sight mode accessible to low-pressure evaporation. Also, if magnets behind the target are used to generate a magnetic field for magnetron sputtering the technique cannot be easily used to deposit magnetic metals such as nickel and cobalt, owing to the influence from the magnetic field on the deposition process.

In an altern
Author(s): The Open University

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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Designing, CAD and CAD
The general aim of our discussion is to analyze what has been changed in design process according to introducing the computers technology. For the better understanding of the design process evolution, we should precisely define start point - the traditional design process.Let's treat it as an iteration game between a designer and user. If we assume that the designing base is a reductive strategy, we can define six stages of it: 1.) To define a need; 2.) To formulate a task; 3.) To synthesize a d
Author(s): Asanowicz, Aleksander and Asanowicz, Katarzyna

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Rights not set

Lesson 07 - One Minute Romanian
In lesson 7 of One Minute Romanian you will learn to say that it's nice to meet someone in Romanian. Remember - even a few phrases of a language can help you make friends and enjoy travel more. Find out more about One Minute Romanian at our website - http://www.oneminutelanguages.com. One Minute Romanian is brought to you by the Radio Lingua Network and is ©Copyright 2008.Author(s): No creator set

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The Art of the Good Life: clear thinking for business and a better life [Audio]
Speaker(s): Rolf Dobelli | Editor's note: At time code 11:00 please note ‘about 1400 years old’ should state ‘about 2400 years old’ and research discussed between time codes 34:16 - 37:30 should be attributed to Matthew Syed. Rolf Dobelli, the bestselling author of The Art of Thinking Clearly returns to the UK to discuss his new book The Art of the Good Life. Join us for a talk in which Rolf will provide some surprising and indispensable mental shortcuts for better decision-making in lif
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Job search
Welcome to this Futures workbook on finding work. It is split into several sections describing different techniques for finding work. You can dip in and out of the different sections; however it is not wise to rely on only one mechanism for finding work. It is a competitive market for final year students and new graduates and so you should try many alternate ways to find work.
Author(s): Laura Dean

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The manifesto
 With continued talk of an imminent general election, we talk to Paddy Tipping MP on what it takes to draft a manifesto in preparation.

Mr Tipping talks about the importance of the manifesto and of making sure everyone has their input.

Mr Tipping was speaking in the seminar series hosted by the Centre for British Politics in the School of Politics and International Relations.


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Cruel Summer? Global warming in context
 Professor Michèle Clarke

As we head into Summer, there are concerns about a possible repeat of last year's floods in the UK.

In this podcast Professor of Environmental Change, Michèle Clarke, looks at the issue of global warming and questions the wisdom of an alarmist approach to changing people's behaviour, as well as the drawbacks of long range weather forecasts.

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Jailed protest leader urges continued Venezuelan protests
Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe Venezuela's jailed opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez sends a note from behind bars urging continued demonstrations, while President Nicolas Maduro says right-wing extremists want to destabilize the country. Jillian Kitchener reports. More Breaking News: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topic
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‘A developmental state’: The challenge ahead

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Various speakers