The role of awareness in the teaching and learning of literacy and numeracy at key stage 2
Our starting point is that explicit understanding of key concepts will promote children’s progress in literacy. We argue that this depends on their teachers having explicit knowledge of the concepts which is translated into teaching practice. These ideas are explored in the context of the teaching of morphology and reading comprehension in 50 London primary schools. In our first study, teacher’s explicit awareness and practice of morphology and reading comprehension strategies are documented
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Acknowledgements

Cover image: Paul Wordingham in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • understand some current issues in mathematics education, such as the relationship of mathematics content to mathematics processes

  • understand a variety of approaches to the teaching of mathematics such as 'do-talk-record'

  • approach mathematical problems and tasks in a flexible way.


Author(s): The Open University

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Water, water everywhere; nor any drop to drink?
"The Global Water Initiative: Implications of Climate Change and Variability on African Water Resources", a three day conference co-ordinated by Judge Business School's Cambridge Centre for Energy Studies and held at Downing College, University of Cambridge, brought together academics from all over the World to openly debate these truly daunting questions of environmental sustainability in the face of climate change.
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5.1 Phase and phase difference

In this section I am considering sine waves that have the same frequency, but are out of step with each other.

Suppose we have two detectors at fixed points, A and B. At this moment in time A is in a high pressure region and B in a low pressure region. If we were to look again shortly later B would now in a high pressure region and A in a low pressure region. The pressures at A and B would be out of step with each other. The pressure variation at B is not in phase with that at A. The ex
Author(s): The Open University

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1.060 Engineering Mechanics II (MIT)
This subject provides an introduction to fluid mechanics. Students are introduced to and become familiar with all relevant physical properties and fundamental laws governing the behavior of fluids and learn how to solve a variety of problems of interest to civil and environmental engineers. While there is a chance to put skills from calculus and differential equations to use in this subject, the emphasis is on physical understanding of why a fluid behaves the way it does. The aim is to make the
Author(s): Gonzalez-Rodriguez, David,Madsen, Ole

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References

Cooper, Lord (1991) Scottish Legal Tradition, Edinburgh, Saltire Society.

Robertson, G. (1998) The Justice Game, London, Chatto & Windus.

Scottish Case Digests ‘Adams and others v The Scottish Ministers’, hearing date 28 May 2004 taken from LexisNexis Legal Database.

Walker, D. (1981) The Scottish Legal System, 5th edn, Edinburgh, W Green & Son Ltd.


Author(s): The Open University

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Fundamentals of accounting
Learn about the essential numerical and double-entry skills required for accounting. This free course, Fundamentals of accounting, will explain the fundamental purpose and role of accounting as well as the double-entry rules that are the foundation of all financial records and reports in any modern business. First published on Tue, 24 Apr 2018 as Author(s): Creator not set

6.1 Firing-rate hypothesis

Information about stimulus intensity is encoded in two ways: the firing rates of neurons and the number of active neurons.

Intensity is assumed to be encoded by an increase in discharge rate of action potentials within the auditory system. As the stimulus gets more intense, the basilar membrane vibrates at a greater amplitude causing the membrane potential of activated hair cells to be more depolarised and this causes the nerve fibres that synapse onto the hair cells to fire at a greate
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Waste Management
How much do you think about what you throw away? A waste management cycle is essential for a sustainable future. This album considers the policy and legislation that is driving waste management processes across the EU. By modelling the overall environmental impacts of solid waste disposal methods, the UK government has now created a hierarchy of waste and local management strategies. The 12 video tracks in this album offer an in depth look at each of these processes, concentrating on waste coll
Author(s): The iTunes U team

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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT)
This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulation, and the importance of expertise vs. indigenous knowledge. Its emphasis is placed on environmental planning techniques and strategies. Related topics include the management of sustainability, the politics of ecosystem management, environmental governance and the changing
Author(s): Susskind, Lawrence

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1.3.3 The role of clouds

We have already identified one role that clouds play in the Earth's climate: they are highly reflective (Section 1.2.1). At any given time, about half of our planet is covered by clouds; the sunlight they reflect back to space accounts for about 55% of the total planetary albedo. However, clouds also absorb and re-emit outgoing longwave radiatio
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5.2 Blair's babe

The ESRC report demonstrated the high awareness amongst the public of the Leo Blair issue, in spite of it not being the most prominent aspect of the media coverage. In December 2001, during Prime Minister's Questions in the House of Commons, Tony Blair was asked whether his infant son had been immunised with MMR. Mr Blair declined to answer on the basis that it was a private family matter. The perception in the media was that if Leo had been immunised, Mr Blair would have been happy to say so
Author(s): The Open University

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1.782 Environmental Engineering Masters of Engineering Project (MIT)
This class is one of the core requirements for the Environmental Masters of Engineering program, in conjunction with 1.133 Masters of Engineering Concepts of Engineering Practice. It is designed to teach about environmental engineering through the use of case studies, computer software tools, and seminars from industrial experts. Case studies provide the basis for group projects as well as individual theses. Recent 1.782 projects include the MMR Superfund site on Cape Cod, appropriate wastewater
Author(s): Adams, Eric,Shanahan, Peter,Murcott, Susan

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The Indefinite Pronouns Song
A catchy little tune that sings examples of indefinite pronouns.  A few examples are somebody, nobody, everybody, anybody, etc. (00:55)
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Money talks: Europe up, US down


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Governing Climate Change After Copenhagen
Ngaire Woods chairs a panel discussion looking into the political, economic and environmental consequences of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference last year.
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2.1 Tables

Experiments or surveys usually generate a lot of information from which it is possible to draw conclusions. Such information is called data. Data are often presented in newspapers or books.

One convenient way to present data is in a table. For instance, the nutrition panel on the back of a food packet:

Nutrition Information


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biosights: September 1, 2014 - Deploying exosomes in a battle of the sexes
By: JCB The paired accessory glands of male Drosophila secrete multiple signaling factors into the seminal fluid that promote reproductive success by altering the recipient female's physiology and behavior. Corrigan et al. reveal that the secondary cells of accessory glands secrete membrane-bound exosomes in a BMP-dependent manner that, after being transferred into the female reproductive tract, inhibit the female's inclination to re-mate with other male flies. This biosights episode presents th
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Woman stoned to death in Islamic State-controlled Syrian territory - amvid
Amateur video posted online purports to show a woman who has been later stoned to death for adultery in Islamic State-controlled area of Hama in Syria. Deborah Lutterbeck reports. Subscribe: http://smarturl.it/reuterssubscribe More updates and breaking news: http://smarturl.it/BreakingNews Reuters tells the world's stories like no one else. As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including business, financial, national
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