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The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a prospective view
In this paper I speculate on the near future of research in Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED), on the basis of three uses of models of educational processes: models as scientific tools, models as components of educational artefacts, and models as bases for design of educational artefacts. In terms of the first role, I claim that the recent shift towards studying collaborative learning situations needs to be accompanied by an evolution of the types of theories and models that are used,
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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NLP-based scripting for CALL activities
This article focuses on the development of Natural Language Processing (NLP) tools for Computer Assisted Language Learning (CALL). After identifying the inherent limitations of NLP-free tools, we describe the general framework of Mirto, an NLP-based authoring platform under construction in our laboratory, and organized into four distinct layers: functions, scripts, activities and scenarios. Through several examples, we explain how Mirto's architecture allows to implement state-of-the-art NLP fun
Author(s): Antoniadis Georges,Echinard Sandra,Kraif Olivier,L

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Insight into Practical Utilization of Knowledge Management Technologies
The focus of knowledge management (KM) has shifted in the last few years towards the ways in which knowledge is created and shared. Nevertheless, KM technologies continue to be an important issue in KM practices. The present paper focuses on the technological solutions applied in the organizations at different stages of the knowledge management life cycle. On the bases of an overview of the knowledge management tools and technologies, the paper emphasizes on the most popular KM applications foun
Author(s): Antonova Albena,Gurova Elisaveta

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How internal and external scripts guide argumentative knowledge construction in a web-based collabor
Collaboration scripts are a powerful means to improve collaborative inquiry learning. More specifically, they can be designed to support argumentative knowledge construction, a core activity in inquiry learning. However, not only externally induced collaboration scripts but also the learners’ internal scripts on collaborative argumentative knowledge construction influence the way they argue with scientific concepts and evidence, thereby affecting what kind of knowledge is acquired during colla
Author(s): Kollar Ingo,Fischer Frank

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Designing to see and share structure in number sequences
This paper reports on a design experiment in the domain of number sequences conducted in the course of the WebLabs project. We iteratively designed and tested a set of activities and tools in which 10-14 year old students used the ToonTalk programming environment to construct models of sequences and series, and then shared their models and their observations about them utilising a webbased collaboration system. We report on the evolution of a design pattern (programming method) called ‘Streams
Author(s): Mor Yishay,Noss Richard,Hoyles Celia,Kahn Ken,Simp

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Tutorial planning : Adapting course generation to today’s needs.
Most of today's course generation does not allow an in-depth, generic representation of pedagogical knowledge. However, supporting individual learners with different goals requires an elaborate representation of pedagogical expertise. In this paper, I describe a framework that adapts existing approaches for representing and using pedagogical knowledge to meet today's needs. Furthermore, I will show how in this framework several of today's problems are solved, such as the integration of distribut
Author(s): Ullrich Carsten

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The Metaphor of Networks in Learning: Communities, Collaboration and Practice
This paper explores the use of the network metaphor and the way in which it relates to Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and Communities of Practice. The idea of networked learning stresses the interactopn of learners, tutors and their resources through networks. The arguments put in this article are firstly that learning technology needs to take account of the wider debate about networks and secondly that research in this field needs to address the theoretical and practical issue
Author(s): Jones Chris,Esnault Liliane

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Understanding and analysing activity and learning in virtual communities
The purpose of this study is to provide a preliminary framework to observe, analyse and evaluate both activity and learning in virtual communities. So various types of virtual communities will be studied by examining their relationship to socialisation and learning. After a presentation of the main ideas of Wenger’s social learning theory, the principal components of the social context of the emergence and evolution of virtual communities will be described. It will show how taking this context
Author(s): Henri France,Pudelko Béatrice

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Report on theoretical framework on selected core issues on conditions for productive learning in net
This report contains three parts. Part one presents the conclusions from the work in the JEIRP and contains the following chapters: - Identification of core issues, theoretical approaches and empirical findings - State of the Art - CSCL The next ten years - a European perspective - A theoretical framework for analysing conditions for productive learning in networked learning environments Part two presents all the case studies brought into the JEIRP by the participants, and part three presents ar
Author(s): Dirckinck-Holmfeld Lone,Ponti Marisa,Lindström Be

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Integration of virtual players into a pedagogical simulator
The development of learner activity is a key element in the improvement of ITS (Intelligent Tutoring Systems). In business simulation, the learner is stimulated by competition with other learners. In practice, it is not always possible to find enough participants, hence the idea of virtual player participation. The SIMPLUS system proposes a generic approach to this end and creates virtual players within a business simulation without modifying the simulation itself.
Author(s): Labat Jean-Marc,Rogé Ossian

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Problem-solving and Web resources at tertiary level
We organised two experimental teaching designs involving web resources in two different French universities. In this paper, we describe these experiments and analyse the students' behaviours. Our aim is to observe whether the use of specific online resources favours the development of problem-solving activities.
Author(s): Cazes Claire,Gueudet Ghislaine,Hersant Magali,Vand

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New Types of Careers in the Knowledge Economy ? Networks and boundaryless jobs as a career strategy
Over the last few decades, many countries have found themselves in a context characterized by the spread of the knowledge-based economy (OECD, 1996; Foray and Lundvall, 1995; Soete, 1996; Storper, 1995). The Knowledge Economy implies a farreaching transformation of the labour market, particularly in terms of job mobility and career development (Christensen, 1989). In this context, careers are increasingly fragmented, and people are more mobile in the labour market, with social networks playing a
Author(s): Tremblay Diane-Gabrielle

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Tasting menu: Audio highlights from the October 23rd, 2015 edition
This week: Hong Kong's controversial post boxes, ridiculous business names and the link between birth order and intelligence
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2 Summary of Section 4

  1. Gametes are special cells because they contain only one set of chromosomes instead of the more usual two sets.

  2. The chromosome number is halved by meiosis.

  3. The crossing over and random assortment of chromosomes in meiosis produces a unique set of genes in every gamete, and thus in every individual (except for identical twins, who are derived from the same conceptus).

  4. Sperm production involves many rounds of
    Author(s): The Open University

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    Copyright © 2013 The Open University

Experimental Design Methods - A Review
Experimental design methods are applied in all phases of the design process and by almost every party involved in the design process. In this paper, we aim to give an overview of the background, applications, and technologies involved. A limited simple metric is introduced for assessing the degree of innovation. Future developments are outlined.
Author(s): Achten, Henri H.

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Equal Time Radio podcast: RIchard Wolff on Piketty: Inequality, the Wealth Divide & Lessons from Our
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Author(s): maria

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Product Design
The essence of industrial design engineering (IDE) is designing and improving products which are used daily and intensively, at home or at work. The faculty is committed to study, innovate and improve the development of durable products and their services for people, on the basis of the balanced interests of users, industry, society and the environment. The faculty pursues this mission through a multidisciplinary approach that integrates human aspects - i.e. ergonomics, market, organisation and
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by-nc-sa http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

Knowledge in Action, Save the World
Materials showing how MIT faculty and students are working around the world to develop sustainable solutions to challenging problems. Courses include: D-Lab: Development, Dialogue and Delivery D-Lab: Development, Design and Dissemination Design for Demining Information and Communication Technology in Africa Media Education and the Marketplace Solving Complex Problems Technology in a Dangerous World
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Social Media Collaboratory: Introduction to Social Media
Understand the benefits and challenges of effectively engaging with social media. Learn how participate and organize online discussions in forums, mailing-lists, blogs and video discussion sites. Understand how a blog can give you a voice and learn the basics of publishing a blog. Understand how social bookmarking can be a very effective way to gather and share information about online resources. Learn how to use wikis and understand their use as a collaborative writing (collabowriting) tool
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Confronting Health Inequity: The Global Dimension
Since the days of Hippocrates, health inequities and the role of social and environmental factors in the determination of marked differences in health status have been well recognized. For some time now, the driving force behind public health has been understanding and intervening in the underlying causes of health inequity. The publication of the Black Report1 in the United Kingdom in 1980 brought a more focused approach to this discourse by identifying specific factors, such as social class, g
Author(s): Casas-Zamora, Juan Antonio,Ibrahim, Said A.

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