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1.3.2 Unsuccessful presentations

Activity 4: Unsuccessful presentations

0 hours 5 minutes

Can you think of a recent situation where you felt uncomfortable because you did not manage to ‘project
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1.2.1 A different definition

Click to read the interview excerpt with Reg Martin.

Activity 2: A different definition


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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • demonstrate an understanding of the importance of negotiating the meaning of care relationships

  • identify ways in which people play the roles of ‘carer’ and ‘receiver of care’.


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Introduction

To set up a care relationship that works well is a delicate matter, whether you are at the giving or the receiving end. In this course we explore the very varied meanings of care relationships and how these meanings arise. Millions of care relationships are going on as you read this, and each carries its own particular meanings for those involved. But where have all those people picked up their ideas of how to relate to each other? How does any of us know where to begin?

This OpenLearn
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1.7 Key points

In the key points box below we sum up the main ideas introduced so far. You can use it now to check that you have grasped the main ideas, and later the key points will remind you of the content.

Key points

  • An informal carer is defined as a pe
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1.5.3 Labelling

Official language about informal carers is at variance with the way we normally talk about family life. How many children or young people who care – for parents or other relatives – would spontaneously label themselves a ‘young carer’? How many parents would describe their son or daughter in this way? How many people who frame census questions would have thought of including a question to find out, until ‘young carer’ became a category like ‘disability’ or ‘age’ that censu
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1.5.2 Duration and frequency

We do not know if Katrina's caring responsibilities took up more than 20 hours per week. In a sense, though, whether they did or not is immaterial. What is important is that her schooling was adversely affected. We can speculate that, even if caring accounted for less than 20 hours per week, the emotional impact of being a young carer overflowed into a far larger proportion of her life.


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1.5.1 Interdependence

Although Katrina's mother depends on Katrina for some of her own needs and the needs of the younger children, she also cares for Katrina in that she is legally and financially responsible for her. She is also able to give love, advice and support. So it is a two-way relationship. Nevertheless, young carers challenge prevailing ideas about what children or young people do in families. There is apparently a ‘role reversal’ – as Katrina put it so neatly, her mum expected her to be an adult
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1.5 Young carers

Who is left out of the definition of informal carer? At first sight, taking account of the four complications noted above means that no one is left out. The definition can embrace anyone who is taking unpaid responsibility for the welfare of another person. Where do children and young people come into this? Maybe in answering Activity 5 you considered whether parenting young children makes you a carer. Looking after young children is not usually seen as making someone a carer. It is seen as m
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2.3 What is an informal carer?

Lynne is a daughter and a sister. Is she also an informal carer?

Audio: click below to listen to the case study on 'Caring in Familes'

Acknowledgements

The content acknowledged below is Proprietary (see terms and conditions) and is used under licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Health and Social Care. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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4 Audio clip 3: Enid Francis

Enid Francis lived in a modern residential area on the outskirts of Derby. She shared a house with her husband, Wally, and two grown-up sons, Mark and John. Her husband had had to give up work eighteen months before his retirement, because of a heart complaint. Their two sons, aged 35 and 32, were both autistic. Enid's day was organised around meeting their needs for care and support. On weekdays, they attended a day centre, which she would have to get them ready for. When they came home in t
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2 Audio clip 1: Diane Mallett

Figure 1: Diane Mallett with Stanley mallett (left) and Paul Mallett

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Acknowledgements

Course image: David Goehring in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

The content acknowl
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6.6 A few final thoughts

This final section has concentrated on the heart, the lungs and the blood – the body's cardio-respiratory system. We saw briefly how the body takes oxygen in through the lungs, and discussed the importance of this for athletes in various sports. To understand the role of oxygen in the body and its importance to athletes, we had to draw on information that we had discussed in earlier sections about the way oxygen is carried in the blood and the way that the heart pumps blood to different par
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6.5 Training at high altitude

Many of the world's best endurance athletes train at high altitudes – a long way above sea level – to improve their performance. At high altitudes there is less oxygen in the air and it's believed that the body has to work harder to extract what little oxygen remains. When the athlete returns to lower altitudes, their body retains the ability to use oxygen more efficiently and their performance will have improved.

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6.4 Athletes and oxygen intake

In Section 4.4, we ranked a group of athletes in terms of heart rate. Now let us consider the same athletes in the same sports, but from the point of view of how efficient their respiratory system needs to be to perform in their chosen sports.


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6.3 The role of oxygen in sports performance

The body uses oxygen in a chemical process that produces fuel for the muscles. You might think that the transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body is vitally important for all athletes. However, you might be surprised to hear that although this process is important in many sports, it doesn't matter very much at all in quite a few. The reason for this is fairly straightforward: the transfer of oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body takes time. In events that don't
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