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2.1 Introduction

The human body is a sophisticated and amasing entity. Think about the mechanical way the limbs operate, the electrical brain functions and chemicals working together in the different body organs. All of these activities integrate in a largely seamless way to help keep us alive in ways of which most of us are barely aware! Many people are content that their own body works, and don't care much about the details. However, if we want to understand how our own body, or those of elite athletes, fun
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 The body as a machine

This is a useful way of thinking if we want to understand some basic aspects of how the body works in its relation to sport. We can think of the body as a device that operates on simple mechanical principles, that needs to be fuelled and that uses up this fuel as it is driven harder.

Figure 1
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The problems of reporting Islamic State
John Simpson, BBC World Affairs editor, gives a talk for the The Business and Practice of Journalism Seminar Series on Islamic State.
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Tasting menu: Audio highlights from the February 27th 2016 edition
This week: Hollywood’s big stars lose their sparkle, the thrills of becoming an animal and how jogging can stave off cancer
Author(s): The Economist

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Rape Justice and Social Harmony in Northern Uganda
Dr Holly Porter, gives a talk for the Oxford Transitional Justice Research Seminar series on 24th February 2016.
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4.3 Children and the armed forces

The dual role of children as both perpetrators and victims of violence becomes very clear when looking at child soldiers. Despite international treaties, thousands of children worldwide fight in armies and paramilitary forces. Article 38 of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) states that no child under the age of fifteen should fight; supplementary international treaties, such as the 1999 Maputo Declaration on Child Soldiers and the 2000 Optional Protocol to the U
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2.2 Children's violence

There has been a great deal of work done by psychologists on violence and aggression in children, looking at whether this is part of a normal and natural developmental process or whether it is pathological. Cole and Cole define aggression as ‘an act in which someone intentionally hurts another’ (1996, p. 406). They then split this definition to look at instrumental aggression which is committed in order to obtain a specific goal, and hostile aggression which is aimed at hurting another pe
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New Orleans after the Flood: Photographs by Robert Polidori
New Orleans after the Flood: Photographs by Robert Polidori

00:09:01
© 2000–2016 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.

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Money talks: Argentina in the black
Argentina's debt crisis seems finally to be coming to an end. Will its deal with creditors enable it to borrow abroad again at last? Should lenders to Venezuela, on the brink of its own default, applaud or shudder?
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3.2 Children as perpetrators

There has been a great deal of research on the personalities of bullies (for an overview, see Smith et al., 1999) and explanations given for their behaviour in terms of family background or attachment to parents. Some of the findings of this research are summarized in Reading A. In another article, Olweus (1993) suggests that bullies are more likely to hold favourable views of violence, have a marked tendency towards aggression towards both adults and other children, have a strong need
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Health and Social Care. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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Acknowledgements

Course image: David Goehring in Flickr made available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence.

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce material in this course:

The content acknowl
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The Evolution of Human Skin Pigmentation
Nina Jablonski looks at the evolution of human pigmentation. It was noted by Darwin and others that humans who lived closer to the equator had darker skins. Is this a functional adaptation to sun exposure, or is there something more at play here? Series: "Darwin Evolving". (59:08)

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Lutz Raphael: Life Cycle and Industrial Work. West German and West European Patterns in Times of Glo
Gerda Henkel Visiting Professorship Lecture. The lecture was given on 15 December 2015 at the German Historical Institute London.
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Tasting menu: Audio highlights from the March 5th 2016 edition
Canada is cool again, talk shows in Egypt are farce and we say farewell to a daring, veteran pilot
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4.3 Measuring your heart rate

The most common way of measuring heart rate is by feeling the pulse at one of the arteries. The pulse is quite literally that – a pulse of blood running through the artery each time the heart does one pumping motion.

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4.3.2 Children in Cambodia under the Khmer Rouge

Figure 15
Figure 15 Drawing by a Cambodian child depicting events under Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge, a period that lasted from 1975 to 1979.

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